Sgt John H. Crowley [Minn] PFC (Cpl) Herbert Hoffner (spelling?) [Minn or Miss] PFC Curtis Paddy [Louisiana] Charlie A Stone [Alabama] PFC Antonio Guarino [Maryland] PFC Edward Perure (spelling?) [California]
Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   

81st Division Wildcats
Thx to Cadd Photography

The book of the 81st training
Division photo booklet of training

Highlights In The History Of The 81st Infantry Division
Army History of the Wildcat Division


Scanned Excerpts from Newsletter Of The 81st Infantry Division


...and its adjunct, the Wildcat Pic Parade


A 1945 History of Company "H", 323rd Infantry, including rosters of names and home towns (where readable)

Civilian boy
Civilian Stone, with camera

PFC Stone
PFC Stone

June 15, 1942 - the 81st is reactivated, at Camp Rucker, Alabama.
By the end of June, selectees were arriving by trainload.

July 17, 1942 - The Division becomes possessor of two live, scrappy wildcats.
The mascots were presented to the 81st Division by Governor Eugene Talmadge of Georgia in a ceremony at Atlanta.
Lt. Col. Wesley U. Moran, then Assistant Division Adjutant, accepted the wildcats on behalf of the Division.
One of the wildcats eventually became "Tuffy", the snarling, fighting official mascot of the Wildcats.
Since then, wherever the Division has gone, Tuffy has gone.
At the end of WWII, Tuffy traveled from (Leyte?) to preside over the occupation of Aomori Prefecture, Honshu, Japan; before retiring to Memphis, Tn.

81st Division mascot Wildcats
Wildcats Lair
Thx to Cadd Photography

Wildcat Division mascot
TUFFY

Tuffy joins the Red Cross
TUFFY AGAIN

2nd week of September - inspection by III Corps.

Mid-October - by this time, live rounds have replaced dummy.

PFC Charlie Allen Stone of Company H

Link to Excerpt of Autobiography of CPL Glen Williamson of Company H

Officers:
Captain Cloyd C. Schultz; Commanding Company "H" 323rd Infantry 7 March 1945
Lt. Colonel Hugh K. Forsman; Commanding Second Battalion 323rd Infantry 6 March 1945
Colonel Arthur P. Watson; Commanding 323rd Infantry 5 March 1945
Major General Paul J. Mueller; Commanding 81st Infantry Division 28 February 1945

Col Arthur P Watson 323rd CO thx to Mike Howard

Co H, 323rd Infantry Regiment, 81st "WILDCAT" Division
[Campaigns: Southern Philippines, Western Pacific
Medals: ATO Med; APTO Med; Philippine Lib Rib W/1 bronze star; Good Cond Med; World War II Victory Med; Bronze Star Medal
Wounds in action: none
Immunizations: Smallpox, Typhoid, Tetanus, Typ, Cholera
Time in service: 3 years, 15 days (total); 1 year, 6 months, 21 days (foreign)

(General notes on medals)
WWII Victory

1943
recruit private

Jan 22, 1943 - Charlie A Stone (Induction)

Jan 29, 1943 - Fort McClellan, Al - Charlie A Stone (entry into active service)

Feb 1, 1943 - Columbus, Ga & vic - Charlie A Stone has PASS
(Jan 1943 19th Co, 1st T. R. ISSC - Fort Benning, Ga)

Stone - Military occupational specialty: Automotive Mechanic 014
Stone - Military Qualification: CIB; MKM R Aug 43

Feb 4, 1943 - The Division is involved in destroying a simulated Nazi village.

Feb 13, 1943 - Lake Tholucca, Al - division first amphibious exercise

Camp Robinson
Camp Robinson

In February to March of 1943 Pvt Stone was in training at Camp Joseph T. Robinson
near Little Rock, Arkansas. (See photos and handbook)
[Company D, 3rd Platoon, 72nd Training battalion, 15th Regiment.]
W. Homer Switzer - Company Commander
Lt. Col. Raymond - Battalion Commander
Lt. Col. Hillard - Regimental Commander
Brig. Gen. Mallou(?) - Commanding General
[info from copy of Handbook of Information, Replacement Training Centers, Camp Joseph T. Robinson, Arkansas
mailed Feb 22, 1943 by Private Stone to Jessie, the girl he would later marry.
Mom and Dad
Jessie had a war related job at
Redstone Arsenal, Al
: loading burster tubes (detonators) for artillery shells and bombs. An explosion one night in her area killed at least one of the women doing this work.]

PROBABLY SOUTH ALABAMA, FORT RUCKER AREA


March 13 - Farewell parade in Camp Rucker: Division leaves for Conecuh National Forest in Alabama/Florida. Bivouacked for two weeks of practical field training through swamps and rivers.
March 1943 - Conecuh National Forest - First field maneuver.
Returned to Rucker for a short time, then, by truck for 2nd Army Maneuvers around Lebanon, Tn.

April 19 - June 22, 1943 - Tennessee - Second Army Maneuvers.


TIME Magazine article: June 28, 1943

Army bag of Woodrow W. Upton - 322nd Inf, Co I - Photo by Brittany Price

June 25, 1943 - Farewell review near Gallatin, Tn.
A few days later, the Wildcats moved by rail to Arizona, Camp Horn
(about 60 miles east of Yuma).

Camp Horn Desert Training Pennant


Training at the camps was rigid and exacting. Soldiers were required to run a mile in 10 minutes while carrying rifles and full packs. Troops trained throughout the hot days and sought shelter in tents at night. Water was strictly rationed and salt tablets were issued to ward off dehydration and heat prostration. Food was standard field rations. Scorpions, tarantulas and rattlesnakes were held at bay by pouring diesel fuel on the ground near messing and living areas.

The Camps trained nearly 1 million American servicemen and women. CAMA was the world’s largest military installation in both size and population. In late July of 1943, for example, there were 10,966 officers, 514 flight personnel, 604 nurses and hospital attendants and 179,536 enlisted personnel assigned to the camps, for a total of 191,620.

July 6, 1943 - Camp Horn, Az - 323rd Inf Desert Maneuvers.

Camp Horn photo of Dad
Camp Horn photo

Tuffy at Camp Horn
Camp Horn's shaded cage for Tuffy the Wildcat

Desert training in the general vicinity of Yuma, Az

October 1943 - Palan Pass, Az - 323rd Inf maneuver against the 79th.


In October 1943 the 81st Infantry Division moved 200 miles by road to the vicinity of Palen Pass to participate in XV Corps maneuvers. The 81st's opponent was the 79th Infantry Division, which was entrenched in fortified positions in the pass. Most of the action occurred at night. The importance of digging in, dispersion of forces, and camouflage was frequently demonstrated as planes made mock strafing runs at such low altitudes that the troops sometimes threw rocks at them! In this particular action the 81st Division Wildcats received passing marks and prepared to move to a new station. The division eventually saw action at Peleliu and other islands in the Palau group, on Leyte, and also served occupation duty in Japan.

Palen Pass was considered rough country in an area noted for rugged terrain. It is mentioned in conjunction with the very unofficial "Hyder Campaign Medal. In the words of a soldier who lost 30 pounds during his desert stay, "The Hyder Ribbon is a strip of sandpaper on which is mounted a broken thermometer. If you fought at Palen Pass you can mount one salt tablet on it; and if you climbed Fourth of July Butte you are authorized to wear on it one small cactus lobe."

Early November 1943 - Desert maneuvers.

Nov 24, 1943 - Dedication of memorial to the seven who died during desert training.

Camp Horn Memorial Page by Joe Orman

The 81st Division moves out of Camp Horn - The 104th Division moves in.

The 81st Division then moves to Camp San Luis Obispo ("San Looey"), near the California coast.

November 1943 - Camp San Lius Obispo, Ca - 323rd Inf rest and Amphibious training.

Dec 15, 1943 - Wildcats accorded national acclaim when Fred Waring's Victory Program broadcast was dedicated to the 81st Division.

Fun and Frolic
Are You Carmen Miranda?

Christmas camp: San Luis Obispo, Ca

1944

1944 (last week in April to first week in May) - Move north to Camp Beale.


Soldiers in California
California - Driver is Carl Sanders, Jr; passenger is his Alabama cousin Charlie Stone

April 1944 - Morro Bay and San Clemente - 323rd Inf amphibious landing exercises.

May and June - mailing address was: (with eight cents air mail postage)
P.F.C. Charlie A. Stone (nnnnnnnn)
Co. H. 323 Inf. A.P.O. 81
Camp Beale, California

CAMP BEALE (1944)

2nd platoon co H

From a Roster Photograph - numbered, with signatures
Second Platoon, Company H, 323rd Inf, May 19, 1944


1st Sq.
1 S/Sgt Don Ferguson
2 Sgt Rupert Maxwell
3 Pfc Dan W Kent
4 Pfc Clyde Wells
5 T/Sgt George McGuire
6 Lt E D Masirowski
7 Pfc Daniel Eigwon
8 Pvt E J Sallas
9 Pvt Dom Gallucci
2nd Sq.
10 Sgt Meirel Ogle
11 Pfc William H. Byerley
12 Pfc Ervin F. Reichwald
13 Pfc Henry Rodriguez
14 Pvt Robert F. Rankin
15 Pfc John J. Joxtur Jr (?)
16 Cpl Eric T. Londin
17 Pfc Arvi McMarrian (Arve McMerrian?)
3rd Sq.
18 S/Sgt J. W. Brasfield
19 Sgt Dave Florini
20 Pfc Joe Rhody
21 Pfc Frank Vermillion
22 Pfc R. Mulvey (Raymond E. Mulvey?)
23 Pfc Chris P. Christensen
24 Pfc Mike Adamow (Mike Adadow?)
4th Sq.
25 Sgt John H. Crowley
26 Pfc Herbert Hoffner
27 Pfc Curtis Paddy
28 Pfc Thomas J. Galbo
29 Pfc Charlie A. Stone
30 Pvt J J Tucker
31 Pfc John B. Henderson

Company H, 323rd Inf




Memorial Day 1944

May 1944 - Camp Beale - 323rd Inf preparation for overseas.

Life Magazine, Wildcats on cover thx to Mike Howard

Wildcats in California thx to Mike Howard

June 1944 - Camp Stoneman - 323rd Inf Port of Embarkation.

Hawaii - June 11 to July 8

July 2, 1944 - San Francisco, Ca - 323rd Inf boarding the USS Monterey

July 3, 1944 - the 81st begins duties "overseas" - 323rd Inf passes under the Golden Gate.
July 3, 1944 - Stone departs for "Over There" (APTO)

From June 11 to July 8, the Division was landing in Hawaii.

July 8, 1944 - Honolulu, Hawaii - 323rd Inf Debarked and arrived at Ft Hase.
(Fort Hase was 12 miles NE of Honolulu, on the Mokapu Peninsula)

July 10, 1944 - Kahana Bay, Hawaii - 323rd Inf take jungle training UJTC.

About the end of July, a plane flown by future President George H. W. Bush takes recon photos of the Peleliu terrain.

August 1, 1944 - Maui Island, Hawaii - 323rd Inf practice amphibious landings.

August 12, 1944 - Pearl Harbor, Hawaii - 323rd Inf boarding USS Harris.

Hawaii picture #1 front (c/o Matt Metiva) Royal Hawaiian Hotel Hospital - Medical leave

Hawaii picture #1 back (c/o Matt Metiva) Royal Hawaiian Hotel Hospital - Medical leave

Hawaii picture #2 (c/o Matt Metiva)

Hawaii picture #3 (c/o Matt Metiva) Bazooka

Hawaii picture #4 (c/o Matt Metiva) local child


The 81st Infantry Division was made up of the 321st, 322nd and 323rd Regimental Combat Teams (RCTs) and was to assault both Angaur (321st and 322nd RCTs) and Ulithi (323rd RCT), but only when released by the 1st Marine Division commander. The 81st had been reactivated at Camp Rucker, Alabama in June 1942 after having previously served during World War One. It was raised from a small regular Army cadre from the 3rd Infantry Division, and filled out with newly commissioned reserve officers and conscripted troops. It received extensive desert training, participated in corps level exercises stressing the attack of fortified defensive positions, amphibious training in California, and was finally transferred to Hawaii where it undertook additional amphibious training. It was transported to Guadalcanal (by then a major US base) where it received jungle training, acclimatisation and training in rugged terrain. Angaur and Peleliu would be its first combat action.


Army infantry regiments had a 108-man headquarters with a platoon of three 37mm M3A1 anti-tank guns and a intelligence / reconnaissance platoon, a 118-man canon company with six 75mm M1A1 pack howitzers, a 165-man anti-tank company with nine 37mm anti-tank guns with a mine platoon, and a 115-man service company. It had three 871-man infantry battalions, each with a 155-man headquarters, three 193-man rifle companies and a 160-man heavy weapons company (D, H, M) with eight .30cal M1917A1 heavy machine guns in two platoons, and six 81mm M1 mortars in another. Each rifle company consisted of three 39-man platoons, each having three 12-man squads with a squad leader (M1 rifle), automatic rifleman (M1918A2 BAR), assistant automatic rifleman (M1 rifle), grenadier (M1 rifle, M7 grenade launcher) and seven rifleman (M1 rifles). The company had five 2.36in M1A1 bazookas and a weapons platoon with a section of two .30cal M1919A4 light machine guns and a section of three 60mm M2 mortars. Army divisional artillery was organised in a different way to that of the Marines, in that it was commanded by a Brigadier General, had three 105mm M2A1 howitzer battalions (316th, 317th and 906th Field Artillery Battalions) and one 155mm M1A1 howitzer battalion (318th). Each battalion had a headquarters and headquarters battery, service battery and three howitzer batteries with four tubes apiece. The divisional tank battalion was the 710th had four companies, three with seventeen M4A1 Sherman tanks (three platoons of five and two in the headquarters), and a fourth with 3in gun armed M10 tank destroyers. It also had six 75mm M8 self-propelled howitzers in the assault gun platoon attached to the headquarters.

August 17, 1944 - 323rd Inf Crossed International Date Line westwards.

International Date Line Certificate (c/o Chris Abreu) his dad Joseph was 322nd Co C

August 22, 1944 - 323rd Inf Crossed Equator southwards at longitude 164 East on USS Barnstable.
All were inspected and passed by Davey Jones, and Neptunus Rex (by his servant J Walsh, USN).
"Found worthy to be numbered as one of our Trusty Shellbacks"
and duly initiated into the
"Solemn Mysteries of the Ancient Order of the Deep"

Equator Crossing Certificate C. A. Stone of 323rd Infantry Co H


Here is a general informative link to learn about the "ceremonies" associated with these "awards".

Turn south to pass west of Bougainville, then southeast among the Solomon Islands.
August 24, 1944 - 323rd Inf Dropped Anchor at Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.

August 29, 1944 - 323rd Inf Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal; last dry run with Marines.

Northwest through the Solomon Islands, turn north to pass west of
Bougainville, turn northwest to pass northeast of New Ireland, west
to Admiralty Islands, northwest to Palau Islands.

Marine General O. P. Smith on Peleliu

September 15, 1944 - Palau Islands - 323rd Inf arrived for the attack.

Angaur - September 17, 1944 the 81st Infantry Division stormed ashore on Angaur Island (less the 323rd).

Captured flag (c/o Chris Abreu)

Soldiers (c/o Chris Abreu)

Memorial (c/o Chris Abreu)

Pvt Joseph F. Abreu 322nd Co C Light Machine Gunner - killed Major Goto on Angaur (c/o Chris Abreu)

Northeast to Ulithi Atoll.
September 23, 1944 - Asor, Ulithi Atoll - 323rd Inf Battalion objective.

RCT 321 (with the First Marine Division), after action on Peleliu Island; aided in mopping up Ngesebus Island and capturing Kongauru and Garakayo Islands.

Ulithi Atoll - September 22-24, 1944 (21-23 323rd, under naval task force command, occupied Ulithi)
[unopposed...the Japanese forces had evacuated some months earlier]
Some wildcat units later landed on Ngulu Atoll

Ulithi Atoll - September 22-24, 1944 - units - (Mr.) Makoto Arnold

See Wikipedia Combat Chronicle for some details.


Operation Forager - Mariana and Palau Islands campaign

October - Peleliu


TIME Magazine article: October 16, 1944

From National Archives
October 15 - 323rd Inf Relieved 7th Marine Regiment.
October 16 - Some elements of the 323rd landed on Ngulu Atoll to complete an outflanking of the enemy base at Yap.

October 18 - The 323rd left Ulithi traveling southwest to rejoin the 81st at Peleliu
October 20 - Establishment of 81st Division Command post - the Army takes charge of the seige battle from the 1st Marine Division
October 26 - 323rd, arriving from Ulithi, relieves the 321st
Rain and poor visibility stopped offensive operations for the first few days after RCT 323 took over

November 4 to 9 - rain and typhoon halt offensive action

November 17 - Lt Col Raymond G. Gates, CO 1st Bn 323rd Inf, was killed by a Japanese sniper. Gates was looking through field glasses trying to spot the sniper that was shooting at his men.

November 22 - Company H attacks across the "China Wall" and gains 75 yards.
November 27 - The battle is over.
The Wildcats also take Pulo Anna Island, Kyangel Atoll, and Pais Island.

PELELIU, AFTER THE BATTLE

WWII - WESTERN PACIFIC - PELELIU - 1944 - CLEANING UP - COMPANY H - 323rd INFANTRY (WILDCATS) - 81ST INFANTRY DIVISION

[COMBAT PACIFIC THEATER - WORLD WAR II, pp 356-357]
Special notes by Fleet Admiral William F. Halsey, USN (RET.)
The 1st Marine Division had heavy losses on Peleliu (in
the Palau group), in many ways comparable to Tarawa.
One combat team from the Army 81st (Wildcat) Division
also received many losses in the fighting on Peleliu, where
they so ably assisted. We constructed airfields on Anguar,
captured by the 81st Army Division, and on Peleliu Island,
and a partial naval base in Kossol Roads. Kossal Roads was
not occupied by the Japanese and we merely had to make
arrangement for its defense from the Japanese on Babel-
thuap Island, the largest island of the Palau archipelago. I
mention these actions and this timing to show that this was
not a "Monday quarterback" estimate of the situation on
my part. Ulithi was not recommended to be dropped, as I
always considered this a necessity as a fleet anchorage. It
was occupied without opposition. Peleliu, Angaur, and Kos-
sal Roads were a great convenience, but I thought then, and
I think now, not a necessity for the further campaign in the
Pacific.

-------------------------------------------------------------

[COMBAT PACIFIC THEATER - WORLD WAR II, pp 318-319 referring to the mid-October heavy strike on Formosa by Admiral Halsey]
An enemy plane dropped leaflets over recently captured Peleliu:
FOR RECKLESS YANKEE DOODLE:
Do you know about the naval battle done by the
American 58th [sic] Fleet at the sea near Taiwan
[Formosa] and Philippine? Japanese powerful Air
Force had sunk their 19 aeroplane carriers, 4 battle-
ships, 10 several cruisers and destroyers, along with
sending 1,261 ship aeroplanes into the sea....

(Actually only two cruisers - Canberra and Houston -
were damaged; less than 100 U.S.planes lost; the Japanese
were to have a rude awakening as the great invasion ar-
mada neared Leyte Gulf.

Home on the Battlefield
H Co. quarters after the battle with the battle field for a back ground

SOMEWHERE, ALMOST CERTAINLY PELELIU (1944-1945)


Pfc. Stone was awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge for exemplary conduct and skill in action against the enemy.
He received the following letter from his commander, General Mueller:

I have been informed of your splendid services Nov. 2, 1944, during combat operations of the 81st (Wildcat) Infantry division on Peleliu Island, Palau group, Western Carolinas (500 miles east of the Philippines) reported to me as follows:

"During a coordinated attack on a series of enemy-held hills known as the Five Sisters, you volunteered for the task of bringing up and placing sandbags for a machine gun position on top of a ridge exposed to hostile fire. Upon arriving at the position you noticed some 81 mm. mortar duds. Knowing the heavy casualties they might cause if they exploded, and disregarding the danger, you disposed of them by throwing them over a cliff.

It is with pleasure that I commend you for this courageous performance of duty."

[This citation was published on the front page of the Friday, March 23, 1945 issue of The Guntersville Gleam, Volume 4, Number 52 (of Guntersville, Alabama) as part of "Red Cross Helped Father, Now Helps Son".]

BLOODY BEACHES




WILDCAT MEMORIAM
MONUMENT
CORAL FISSURES
CEMETARY AND MONUMENT
ANGAUR SHRINE
OPERATION STALEMATE
Not shown:

Peleliu Tribute is the source for the following:

* BERKOWITZ, Irvin. PFC - 81st Division, 323rd Regiment. He was WIA on Peleliu on 10/23/44. The only info he ever relayed of his experience was that he was WIA by "friendly (mortar) fire" and that he was the only man to survive this incident out of 12 men. I believe he was an ammo bearer and was WIA on a "hill". He was also the recipient of the Bronze Medal. He passed away in 1993 and I am searching for any info about his experience, or the experiences of the 323rd. Anyone with info, please respond to his grandson

* BROWN Sr., W.A., Ret. WOJG. Served with the U.S. Army on Peleliu, Wildcats 81st Infantry, 323rd Service Unit. He returned to the island in the 70's after his retirement of 32 years of service with the Army, and with the aid of the natives found the Memorial the soldiers had erected there, with the words cut out of old tanks "least we forget those who died here." While there he had the honor of meeting Admiral Crowe, USN, who encouraged him to renew the old monument. He took on the responsibility of raising donations from the survivors of his company to purchase new brass letters for the monument. The USN C.B.'s made the letters and transported them to Peleliu. The U.S. Marines were invited for the occasion. Before his untimely death in 1988, he returned to the island many times and was also invited by the USN for the christening of the ship, the USS Peleliu.

CULPEPPER, Semion William (S.W.), Sgt 81st Infantry Division, (Wildcats) 323 Regiment, Company G. Light Mortar Crewman Squad Leader, participated in landings at Ulithi atoll, Angaur and Peleliu, New Caledonia and Leyte. He was also stationed at Honshu Air Force Base in occupied Japan. After his discharge he returned to Georgia and his wife and the infant son he had never seen. S.W. a farmer and a machinist until his death 17 June 1993.

STEPHENS, Herman Ross, PFC, 81st wildcats, 321 Comb. Rgt. Originally from East Liverpool, OH made the whole trip like many other 81st from Fort Rucker, AL to Yuma, AZ. to San Luis Obispo, CA to Hawaii to Guadalcanal to Angaur, to Peleliu to Ulithi, to Leyte, etc. He contracted malaria in the Philippines and was hospitalized briefly. He is now and living in Oceanside, CA. You may contact him through his son.

WEBB, Arvel Arcemus, Pvt. Served in the United States Army. The Regimental Combat Teams (RCT's) 321, 322 and 323. He served in Angaur, Peleliu and Leyte during World War Two. On September 17, 1944 the 81st Infantry Division stormed ashore on Angaur Island. From there they were dispatched to neighboring Peleliu Island to assist in the reduction of that bastion of the Japanese outer defense rings. (Information came from Paul J. Muller, Major General, USA Commanding).

Between 4 November 1944 and 1 January 1945, the division seized Pulo Anna Island, Kyangel Atoll, and Pais Island

Dec 26, 1944 - 8th US Army (Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger) takes over control of operations on Leyte from the Sixth Army.

1945
Jan 1 to Feb 8 - Wildcats leave Peleliu bound for New Caledonia for training and rehab. They travelled at different times among many ships.
Jan 9, 1945 - Kossal Passage, Babelthaup - 323rd Inf Anchored on Sea Flasher.
Jan 15, 1945 - Southeast to Manus, Admiralty Islands - 323rd Inf Stopped for ship repairs.
East passing north of New Ireland, south passing west of Bougainville,
south and east passing south of Guadalcanal, southeast passing
north of New Caledonia, south around the southeast tip then west and
north into port at Noumea, New Caledonia.
Jan 22, 1945 - New Caledonia - 323rd Inf arrived for rest (First battalion).
Jan 23, 1945 - (323rd, Company H) on board USS Sea Star, bound SW, crossing the equator (2nd Battalion)

March, 1945 - New Caledonia


(Pfc. Stone writes a letter home to his parents):
"I am on a few days' leave at a real rest camp made possible by the Red Cross. I had a good night's sleep in a bed with a mattress, sheets and a pillow-the first time since we left the states. We also get good things to eat here and get it brought to us by waiters. It really seems strange to sit down at a table with a table cloth after eating on the ground for 7 months with the bugs and flies. I am going swimming now. I will tell you more about the rest of the games and things later."

[This letter was published, with photos, on the front page of the Friday, March 23, 1945 issue of The Guntersville Gleam, Volume 4, Number 52 (of Guntersville, Alabama) as part of "Red Cross Helped Father, Now Helps Son".]

Exit New Caledonia, round the southeast tip then northwest, pass
between New Guinea and New Britain, hang a right and go northeast
passing between Admiralty Islands and New Ireland, turn northwest then southwest and park it.

May 12, 1945 - Manus, Admiralty Islands. 323rd Inf Stopped off here.
Northwest all the way to the Philippine Islands and then
May 16, 1945 - 323rd Inf Drop anchor at Leyte Gulf.

Leyte - Arrive May 17 - training and mopping-up - July 21 to August 12 - rest and training


The Wildcats, waiting at Leyte
From Wildcat Odyssey

Leyte picture #1 front (c/o Matt Metiva)

Leyte picture #1 back (c/o Matt Metiva)

Leyte picture #2 front (c/o Matt Metiva)

Leyte picture #2 back (c/o Matt Metiva)

Leyte picture #3 front (c/o Matt Metiva)

Leyte picture #3 back (c/o Matt Metiva)

Leyte picture #4 (c/o Matt Metiva)

Leyte picture #5 (c/o Matt Metiva) Japan Occupation Objectives

Leyte recreation(c/o Chris Abreu)

Leyte - Pvt Abreu (c/o Chris Abreu)

Leyte - Pvt Abreu (c/o Chris Abreu)

Leyte - Pvt Abreu (c/o Chris Abreu)

SOMEWHERE IN THE PACIFIC (1944-1945)

We, soldiers
Back row from left Sgt John H. Crowley [Minn] PFC (Cpl) Herbert Hoffner (spelling?) [Minn or Miss] PFC Curtis Paddy [Louisiana] Front row Charlie A Stone [Alabama] PFC Antonio Guarino [Maryland] PFC Edward Perure (spelling?) [California]








Aug 6, 1945 - Nuclear bomb dropped over Hiroshima.
Aug 9, 1945 - Nuclear bomb dropped over Nagasaki after primary target (Kokura) obscured by smoke and haze.

August 14, 1945 - Japan surrenders.

August 15, 1945
President Truman announces unconditional surrender by the Japanese Imperial Government.
General MacArthur named Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers.
MacArthur (in Manilla) cancelled Operation "Olympic" and ordered implementation of the initial phases of Operation "Blacklist."
MacArthur (SCAP) ordered the Emperor to take immediate effective steps for the cessation of hostilities
and for the opening of radio communications between Manila and Tokyo.

According to their story - Company "B" of the 323rd was attending movies on Leyte when the word came in that the war was over.

September 2, 1945 - Signing of surrender documents.
September 2, 1945 - lapel button issued ASR to PFC Stone


Planning the Occupation

Reports of General MacArthur, Volume 1 Supplement, MacArthur in Japan, chapter II, Page 44

P44-In compliance with instructions from General Eichelberger, an advance party of staff
officers of IX Corps, 81st Division, and 77th Division arrived in Yokohama on 2 September.
After conferring with the Eighth Army staff, the advance party left by plane for Ominato, and from there proceeded by motor to Aomori.
There they conferred with the prefectural governor, the chief of police, and the senior army commander of the area.
The party found that the Japanese had complied with the surrender terms and that the landing area was cleared of all Japanese troops.

September 18 - Wildcats begin move to Japan
"C" company is transported on the USS Hampton.

(Some of the above detailed information is from a copy of the newsletter created by the 323rd Infantry in 1945 - on their way to occupation duty. A scanned copy of this was provided by:
CWO3 Bill Wieber, USN (Ret.)
Owner, The Bosn's Locker
Web: www.thebosnslocker.com
Sample page 1
Sample page 2
Sample page 3

September 24 - HQ 1st Battalion 323rd Infantry on board USS Hampton.

September 25 - Wildcats begin landing at Aomori, Japan
Later(?) HQ company of the 323rd is loaded into freight cars for move to Hachinohe Air Base

September 26 - 323rd HQ Company arrives at Hachinohe Air Base.

Occupation duties - Hachinohe Air Base, Misawa Air Base, Aomori city - Aomori Prefecture - Northern Honshu, Japan

Apparently, the landing of the 81st Division took three days:

Reports of General MacArthur, Volume 1 Supplement, MacArthur in Japan, chapter II, Page 42, 45

P45-"Before the end of September, IX Corps [Eighth Army] units landed in force in northern Honshu. 81st Division troops landed on 25 September and established Division headquarters in Aomori.
Regimental command posts were located as follows: the 321st Infantry at Tsuchiya, the 322d Infantry at Hirosaki, and the 323d Infantry at Hachinohe"
P42-"farther north, the 81st Division, IX Corps, landed in the Aomori area on 27 September"

The Wildcats move in, in their own words
From Wildcat Odyssey

(Footnote for reference to "40 and 8's". (40 men or 8 horses)


1945 - 1946 - Occupying Hachinohe Air Base, Northern (Honshu) Japan (Aomori Prefecture).

ZEROs to JUNK
PFC STONE IN DECOMISSIONED ZERO










DISTRIBUTION OF WAR TROPHIES (SOUVENIRS)



October 1945
Japanese arms are inspected by an American soldier
Reports of General MacArthur, Ch 5, P 139


Reports of General MacArthur, Volume 1 Supplement, MacArthur in Japan, chapter V, footnote to Page 138

"Each officer and enlisted man received one of the following articles: rifle, carbine, saber, bayonet, pistol, or pair of binoculars."


Company H History

Captured flag, photo thx to Mike Howard

1946
(PFC STONE recalled a bitterly cold train ride over the mountains.)
Jan 11 to Jan 23 - on board SS Sea Quail - Yokohama to Seattle
Jan 23, 1946 - PFC Stone returns to the US.


Souvenir Edition of Sea Quail Citizen



Reports of General MacArthur, Volume 1 Supplement, MacArthur in Japan, chapter II, Page 53

"In January, the 11th Airborne Division took over the northern tip of Honshu, relieving the "Wildcats" (81st Division)."
Jan 30, 1946 - the 81st Division, in Japan, is officially inactivated

Feb 6, 1946 - Separation Center - Camp Shelby, Miss - PFC Stone receives Honorable Discharge (Archie Sorenson, Major AUS)
(Ava P. Leatherman, 1st Lt WAC, Personnel Officer)
Home again, with flag and saber


Old Postcards from the Edge of the World

WORLD NEWS LATER THAT YEAR
Daily Pacifican Newspapers (Manila, P. I.) donated by Jeff Uyak
World News later that year

Birmingham Bathing Beauty

falling stars

Alternate history - invasion of Japan - [Phase 1] Operation Olympic of Operation Downfall
Nov 1, 1945 - Operation Downfall(Plans for invasion of Japan)
"On November 4, the reserve force, consisting of the 81st and 98th Infantry Divisions and the 11th Airborne Division, after feigning an attack off the island of Shikoku, would be landed - if not needed elsewhere - near Kaimondake, near the southernmost tip of Kagoshima Bay, at beaches designated Locomobile, Lincoln, LaSalle, Hupmobile, Moon, Mercedes, Maxwell, Overland, Oldsmobile, Packard and Plymouth."

Nov 1, 1945 - Operation Olympic (Plans for invasion of Kyushu)

But, instead...
Aug 6, 1945 - Nuclear bomb dropped over Hiroshima.
Aug 9, 1945 - Nuclear bomb dropped over Nagasaki after primary target (Kokura) obscured by smoke and haze.
"The 1 million American men who were to be casualties of the invasion, were instead lucky enough to survive the war."

August 14, 1945 - Japan surrenders.
September 2, 1945 - Signing of surrender documents.

Alternate history - invasion of Japan - [Phase 2] Operation Coronet of Operation Downfall
March 1, 1946 - commence invasion of Tokyo Plain.

This page last modified 30 Nov 2013 by Michael R. Stone

allenfamilyassn@hotmail.com

Send mail to Historian and Web Master