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Names of Persons Who Took the Oaths of Allegiance to the State of
Pennsylvania between the Years 1777 and 1789, Westcott,
Thompson, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company reprint, 1965.
From John Merz.....A long time ago I went through the book name by name and found a total of 178 names of Hessians listed who took the oath and added them to my files. After that I advised Mark Schwalm of the Johannes Schwalm Hist. Association of my find and supplied my list to him. He did get the book or a copy of it for himself and went through it with a fine comb and found even a few more, and published all these names in the JSHA Journal of 1994. You can find the list and explanations on pages 15-23. At the bottom of page 15 in the footnotes Mark gave me credit for the inspiration to look for those Hessian names. He also did a rather good job of finding all these names in the Hessian military files, Hetrina, etc., and thereby identifying most of those deserters. The Oath the deserters had to take, was as follows:
We the subscribers do swear (or affirm) that I renounce and
refuse all allegiance to George the third, King of Great
Britain, his heirs and successors, and that I will be faithful,
and bear true allegiance to the commonwealth of Pennsylvania
as a free and Independent State, and that I will not at any
time do or cause to be done any matter or thing that will be
prejudicial or injurious to the freedom and Independence thereof,
as declared by Congress; and, also, that I will discover and
make known to some one Justice of the Peace of this State, all
treasons or traitorous conspiracies which I know or hereafter
shall know, to be formed against this or any of the United
States of America. Plunkett Fleeson Philadelphia, 1778.
Here is a typical line as found in the listings:
1782, Aug.14. Peter Shuchard, deserted the Brittish Army & Hessian Line
at N.York in 1779. Schoolmaster.
Heinrich Albert, deserted the Brittish & Line of Anspach in Virginia in 1781. Taylor.
John Spalter (his mark), deserted the Brittish Service & Hessian Line in Jersey 1778. Labourer.
For more information on these names you should contact the JSHA and ask for their Journal of 1994.
15.) A Hessian Diary of the American Revolution by Johann Conrad Doehla, translated by Bruce M. Burgoyne, published 1990 by the University of Oklahoma Press, Norman. (Doehla served with the Ansbach-Bayreuth troops, and this is one of the best diaries around, with many day by day details of actions, names of soldiers, deserters, etc. - a must read!)
Submitted by John Merz
16.) A Diary of the American War, A Hessian Journal. by Captain Johann Ewald of the Hessen-Kassel Jaeger Corps, translated by Joseph P. Tustin, published by the Yale University Press, 1979.
Submitted by John Merz
17.) "Hessians in Annapolis County" a 1956 BA thesis "on disbanded German soldiers granted land in Clements township after the American Revolution." by Ira Maxwell Suterland found at Annapolis Heritage Society and found it listed under "Loyalist Resources." Access: http://www.annapolisheritagesociety.com/ghloyalists.htm
submitted by Jerri Schindler
18.) "Memoirs, Letters, and Journals of Major General Riedesel - Two volumes - translated by William L. Stone, in the Series "Eyewitness Accounts of the American Revolution", published by The New York Times and Arno Press, copyright 1969 by Arno Press, Inc. Reprint of Original Edition of Vol.I and Vol. II, published by J. Munsell, Albany, N.Y., 1868. Vol. I has 366 pages, Vol.II has 284 pages, Major General Baron Friederich Adolphus von Riedesel, the German commander of the Brunswick and Hanau troops stationed during the American Revolution in Canada, and involved in the Burgoyne Campaign and the surrender of his Army at Saratoga in Oct. 1777, and accompanied the Convention Army from Saratoga to Boston and a year later to Virginia, from where he was exchanged and returned to lead the German troops in Canada again to the end of the Revolution in 1783. His wife, the famous Baroness Friederike von Riedesel followed her husband with her children through the campaign in Saratoga , Boston, and Charlottesville, Virginia, and her diary has also been published. The General carried on an extensive correspondence with British, American, and German authorities, and this gives an excellent view of the activities of the Revolution. There is an extensive Index in the back of Vol.II. Was listed on Ebay
Submitted by John Merz
19.) Riedesel Order Book, held by the New York Historical Society and translated by Dr. Friesen of the Wilfried Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
20.) "The Maryland Germans" by Dieter Cunz.
21.) 9000 Men who signed the Oath of Allegiance in Maryland during the Rev. War by Bettie S.Carrothers
22.) Maryland Oath of fidelity by Bettie S.Carrothers; The book describes it as compiled by card indexes at the Maryland State Archives.
23) Donated to site by Barry
Via an email to list, 20 Sept 2005
Deserter-Immigrants During the American Revolution by Clifford Neal Smith
24) "The Battle of Trenton" by Samuel S. Smith
25) "The Hessian View of America, 1776-1783" by Kipping
26) Dohla, Johann Conrad. A HESSIAN DIARY OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.
36) The Hessian Occupation of Newport and Rhode Island, 1776-1779 - Walter K. Schroder
TERM PDF as used by John Merz is not an Adobe electronic file, it is Personal Data File for an individual soldier.
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