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Terms & Definitions
A "Hessian" soldier was not necessarily from any area of Germany prefixed by "Hessen". It was a term adopted by Americans to refer to any German who fought on behalf of the King of England.
is a professional soldier for hire to anyone who will pay him directly to fight
for their cause. And since the
(It was because of this insult that some families hid their Hessian ancestors.)
A "Patriot" was someone in the Colonies who fought for our independence from The King of England .(There is an addition to this, a person who assisted in some other way can also be considered a patriot.)
A "Loyalist" was someone who was of German extraction, already living in the colonies who chose to support the King of England against independence [so my genealogist/librarian tells me...]
In an email John states:
basically you are almost correct, but as far as the term Loyalist is concerned, Some years ago in a speech held to a Loyalist convention in Canada, Prince Philip, the husband of Queen Elizabeth II, stated that during the American Revolution the Loyalists fighting for the King, the most numerous with 28 per cent were the Germans, followed by 23 per cent Scots, and the rest were Blacks (12 %), Indians, Dutch and English. BTW, those Loyalist were people who lived in the American colonies before the Revolution started.
Respectfully John Helmut Merz,
just to keep things
WordReference.com English Dictionary
A Noun: A Count who had jurisdiction over a large territory in medieval Germany
Is a term for an
officer's personal servant. It has long been traditional practice in European
armies for officer's to have personal servants to relieve them of many daily
tasks of personal maintenance such as clothing and shoe/boot care and cleaning,
caring for bedding, providing water for personal hygiene, housekeeping of
personal quarters, even shopping for food. Officer's, being often from the
gentry classes, were accustomed to such services from their family household
servants. This carried over to military service. Batmen were regular enlisted
soldiers and often volunteered for this special duty. They
was the French term for the rank & file of a British
"Light Infantry" company, one of the two "flank" companies
in a British Regiment of Foot (i.e., infantry) In German, he was called a "Jäger."
The other "flank" company was a company of Grenadiers. During the War
of American Independence, the British detached the flank companies and attached
King George III of England:
Some information for reference:
Copied in parts and pieces from:
He is widely
remembered for two things: losing the American colonies and going mad.
This is far from the whole truth.
The American war, its political aftermath and family anxieties placed great
strain on George in the 1780s. After serious bouts of illness in 1788-89 and
again in 1801, George became permanently deranged in 1810.
In his last years, physical as well as mental powers deserted him and he
TERM PDF as used by John Merz is not an Adobe electronic file, it is Personal Data File for an individual soldier.
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