Organized May 15,1861 in Provisional Army of Tennessee: transferred to
Confederate service August,1861; reorganized April 25,1862; consolidated with
the 5th Tennessee Infantry Regiment in December,1862; formed part of Company
D,3rd Consolidated Tennessee Infantry Regiment April 9,1865;paroled in
Greensboro,North Carolina May 1,1865.
Rufus Neely, Otho French
Strahl, Andrew J.Kellar
Strahl,Andrew J.Kellar,Luke Finlay
Company A "The Shelby Grays." Men from Shelby County.
James Somerville, Thomas Francis
Company B "The Pillow Guards."Men from Hardeman County.
James Fentress, M.H.Vernon, A.T.McNeal
Company C "The Wigfall Grays."Men from Shelby County.
R.P.Bateman, F.M.Hammond, W.T.Cargil
Company D "The Raleigh Volunteers."Men from Shelby
County.Andrew J.Kellar,John Onley
E "The Harris Guards."Men from Obion
County.James Dean,Sampson Maxey
Company F "The West Tennessee Rifles."Men from Gibson
CountyRobert White,Joseph Lett,Oscar
Company G "The
Lauderdale Invincibles."Men from Lauderdale County.John Sutherland, William
Company H "The
Tennessee Guards."Men from Shelby County.Benjamin White, Henry Hampton,James
Company I "The
Tipton Rifles."Men from Tipton County.John Turner, John Barrett
K "The Dyer Guards."Men
from Dyer County.Henry Fowlkes, John Lauderdale
Of the field officers,Colonel Neely died
in May,1862,Colonel Strahl was promoted to brigadier general in July 1863 and
Major Henry was killed at Shiloh in April of 1862.
The regiment was organized at
Germantown,Shelby County,and immediately after organization moved to
Randolph,Tennessee,where it served in the River Brigade,under Brigadier General
John Sneed,Provisional Army of Tennessee.On July 18, it moved to Fort
Pillow,where it was accepted into Confederate service on August 16,1861.
The regiment was placed in a brigade
commanded by Colonel Neely along with the 12th Louisiana Infantry.The brigade
moved to Columbus,Kentucky on September 5,1861,where it was in Major General
John McCowan's Division.It spent the fall and winter in the area around
Columbus,Kentucky,New Madrid, Missouri and Island No.10,but after the fall of
Fort Donelson was ordered to Corinth,Mississippi,arrving April 2,1862,with 512
men present for action.
In the Battle of Shiloh,April 6-7
1862,the regiment was in Brigadier General Charles Clark's Division,Brigadier
General Alexander P.Stewart's Brigade,composed of the 13th Arkansas,the 4th,5th
and 33rd Tennessee Infantry Regiment's,and a Mississippi battery.The regiment
was on the extreme right of the brigade,and was commended for valiant action in
storming and capturing a Federal battery.Colonel Neely and Lieutenant Colonel
Strahl also recieved individual commendation.In this charge the regiment lost
191 men killed and wounded.Its total loss for the two days in killed and wounded
amounted to almost half its effective force.
The regiment was reorganized after the
Battle of Shiloh,with Otho French Strahl as colonel.With the army,it went
through the seige of Corinth,the withdrawl to Tueplo,and the subsequent move to
Chattanooga, via Mobile and Montgomery,Alabama.On August 17,1862,the march to
Kentucky was begun,the route being through Sparta,Pikeville,and
Gainesboro,Tennessee,to Munfordville,Kentucky,which was captured September
19,1862.In this campaign the brigade had been increased by the addition of the
24th and 31st Tennessee Infantry Regiments.
There followed the Battle of
Perryville,Kentucky on October 8,1862, in which the regiment had 85
casualties,nearly half the total engaged. The retreat from Kentucky led through
At Murfreesboro,both the 4th and 5th
Tennessee Regiments had become greatly reduced in numbers that they were
consolidated for field purposes to form the 4th/5th Consolidated Tennessee
Infantry Regiment. Separate muster rolls were maintained through April
1864,after which the combined units were mustered as one unit.From the
Fourth,Companies A and F formed Captain Gilchrist's Company;B and K,Captain J.W.
Lauderdale's Company;C and H,Captain W.T.Cargil's Company;D and E, Captain
Onley's Company;and G and I,Captain John T.Barrett's Company. Colonel Strahl of
the 4th,and later Colonel Jonathan Lamb of the 5th commanded the regiment.
In the Battle of Murfreesboro,beginning
December 31,1862,the 4th/5th again formed the right wing of Stewart's
Brigade,and played their part in the capture of the Federal artillery captured
by the brigade.
On January 3,1863,it withdrew to
Shelbyville,where it did outpost duty at Guy's Gap until June 28,1863,when the
retreat to Chattanooga began. On July 28,1863 Colonel Strahl was promoted to
brigadier general,and took command of the brigade that was henceforth known as
Strahl's Brigade.The brigade at this time was composed of the 4th/5th,19th
24th,31st and 33rd Tennessee Infantry Regiments.
In the Battle of Chickamauga,September
19 and 20 1863,the brigade was in Cheatham's Division of Polk's Corps.At
Missionary Ridge,November 26,1863,the brigade was in Stewart's Division,Major
General John C. Breckinridge's Corps.By this time the 24th was no longer in the
brigade. The 4th/5th was posted in the rifle pits,in rear of the 31st and 33rd,
who were deployed as skirmishers.Driven back to the summit of the ridge,
Strahl's Brigade held the line until both flanks were turned,and it was forced
The brigade helped cover the retreat to
Dalton,Georgia,where it went into winterquaters until May 7,1864.From then
on,the 4th/5th was under fire for 60 of the next 71 days,almost constantly
fighting in the campaign from Dalton to Atlanta,toJonesboro,Georgia.Engagements
mentioned were Dug Gap,Mill Creek Gap,Resaca,Ellsbury Mountain,Kennesaw
Mountain, where they were in the famous "Dead Angle",the seige of Atlanta,and
the Battle of Jonesboro.
From Jonesboro,the regiment marched back
to Tennessee with General John Bell Hood.In October,it had reached the Tennessee
River;it was at Spring Hill,November 29,and at Franklin November 31.In this
battle the regiment planted its colors upon the main Federal works,but at a
terrible cost.In this charge,brigade commander General Otho F. Strahl was
At Nashville,Decenber 15,1864 the
regiment was in the Granny White Pike area.When the lines were broken it
retreated via the Franklin Pike to Brentwood.As part of the brigade ,they were
in the force under Major General Edward Walthall,which cooperated with General
Nathan Forrest's Cavalry Corps in covering the retreat of the army to the
Once across the river,the army moved to
Corinth,Mississippi,where on January 5,1865 the regiment was furloughed for 30
days with orders to assemble at West Point,Mississippi,which almost to a man
they did. The regiment reached General Joseph Johnston on the field at
Bentonville, North Carolina on March 19,1865.