The 36th Brigade was organized in June of 1918 at Ft. DuPont, Deleware. In August of 1918 the Brigade moved to Camp Merritt, New Jersey for final preparations before sailing to Europe. Later in August the Brigade sailed from Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey. The Brigade was Commanded by Colonel Knowlton, C.A.C., and later in October by Brigadier General Charles E. Kilbourne (MOH). While in France the 36th Brigade was stationed at O&T Center No. 1 (Operations and Training), Libourne, France, as were the 3 regiments of Artillery that were under the command of the 36th Artillery Brigade.
The 36th Brigade was made up of the following 3 regiments of Artillery; 68th Artillery, C.A.C. equipped with the 6-inch Seacoast guns; 69th Artillery, C.A.C. equipped with the 5-inch Seacoast guns; 63rd Artillery, C.A.C. equipped with the 8-inch british Howitzers. Each regiment consisted of 6 Batteries with 4 guns per battery, 24 guns total in a Regiment. Each regiment of artillery was designed to operate on its own or together with other regiments. The 36th brigade was the command unit to the 3 regiments and served as Army Artillery.
Although the 36th Brigade was fully trained, equipped, and ready to take its place in the line, the Armistice was signed before the Brigade was able to see active service.
The Brigade left France in mid February 1919 aboard the Amerika where they arrived in the States on March 2, 1919 and went to Camp Mills, New York where it was demobilized.
As I find names of men who served in the 36th Brigade I will add them here with what I know of each. If you know additional facts about these men or others who served in the 36th Brigade, Coast Artillery Corps, please e-mail them to: Joe Hartwell
Lee Lesslie shared with me about his grandfather, Ben R. McElveen who was in Headquarters Company of the 36th Brigade, C.A.C. At the time Ben enlisted into the Army he lived in Lynchburg, South Carolina. Ben enlisted into the Regular Army at the Columbus Barracks, Columbus, Ohio on 18 January 1915 at the age of 21 years, 10 months. Pvt. McElveen was assigned to the 2nd Co., C.A.C. Coast Defenses of the Patomac until 1 June 1918. He was advanced to Pvt. 1cl on 6 July 1916 and again advanced to Corporal while in France with the 36th Brigade on 22 August 1918. Cpl. McElveen was assigned to the HQ Co., 36th Brigade, C.A.C. and served with that unit until 2 March 1919 when he was transferred to the 1st Co. Ft. Hunt, Virginia. His last grade was Sergeant and was Honorable Discharged from the Army on 18 August 1920. Ben R. McElveen died 8 April 1982.
Lloyd L. Berger was born in Clare, Montcalm County, Michigan on July 11, 1898. He served during WWI from 22 December 1917 to 20 March 1919. Again served in the Army from 21 August 1919 to 25 July 1921, and yet again from 23 July 1943 to 19 November 1944.
During WWI he was serving in the Headquarters Company, 36th Artillery Brigade (CAC). He was first assigned to the 3rd Company Delaware CAC, and then as the 36th Artillery Brigade was forming was transfeted into the HQ Company. 36th Artillery Brigade CAC
AWARDS: World War I Victory Medal, World War I overseas service stripe, Spherical Balloon Pilot Wing, World War II Victory, American Campaign Medal, Good Conduct Medal, World War II Discharge Lapel Button
SUMMARY OF SERVICE:
22 December 1917 - Enlisted in the Regular Army as a Private at Columbus Barracks, Fremont, Ohio. Address at the time of enlistment was R. F. D. 2, Monroeville, OH
12 January 1918 - Received Typhoid shot
01 May 1918 - Qualified as a 1st Class Gunner as published in S.O. 116
13 May 1918 - H.C.D.D.
23 May 1918 - Delivered to 3 Co Delaware Coast Artillery Corps Fort Delaware
05 June 1918 - Delivered to 6 Co Coast Artillery Corps Fort DuPont
June 1918 - The 36th Artillery Brigade CAC was formed at Fort Du Pont, Delaware
August 1918 - The 36th Artillery Brigade moved to Hoboken, New Jersey to Port of Embarkation
22 August 1918 - Lloyd Berger departed U.S. with Headquarters, 36th Artillery Brigade CAC
03 September 1918 - Lloyd Berger arrived in France as part of the A.E.F. with the 36th Artillery Brigade CAC
While with the HQ Co. of the 36th Artillery Brigade Berger was in Brest and Libourne, France west of Bordeau for awhile. According to letters and documents of Pvt. Berger it seems that the French Mayor had a good wine cellar.
06 October 1918 - Brigadier General Charles E. Kilbourne (MOH) took command of the 36th Artillery Brigade. Pvt. Lloyd Berger had great respect for him and spoke about fondly about him over the years.
10 February 1919 - Departed Marseilles, France on the Italian ship Amerika. Stopped at Malta for fuel.
02 March 1919 - Lloyd Berger arrived in U.S. with the 36th Artillery Brigade CAC at Camp Mills, New York.
March 1919 - The 36th Artillery Brigade CAC moved to Fort Totten, New York and was demobilized.
10 March 1919 - Lloyd Berger was Honorably Discharged at Camp Sherman, Chillicothe, Ohio.
20 March 1919 - Departed Camp Sherman, Ohio for home in Fremont, Ohio.
For a more detailed history and photograph of Pvt. Berger visit this link.
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