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Camp Merritt, New Jersey

During World War One 


History: Named in honor of Maj. Gen. Wesley Merritt, U. S. A., a veteran of Civil War, who commanded first expedition to Philippines, 1898. Established Aug. 1917, in connection with the Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, N. J. Served as embarkation cantonment to Nov. 11, 1918; thereafter for purposes of debarkation. Construction started Aug. 20, 1917, and continued through 1918. Camp headquarters opened Sept. 17, 1917; closed June 30, 1920, when camp was abandoned to be sold.

Description: Temporary camp, located in Bergen County, 15 miles northwest of Jersey City, to receive troops prior to their embarkation on transports or after debarkation. Facilities-Camp Base Hospital: Pending opening of base hospital, use was made of nearby civilian medical facilities. Organized Oct. 1917; formally opened Jan. 9, 1918. Other Facilities: Included 39 warehouses (capacity, 1751 carloads), bakery (capacity, 22,000 loaves per day), delousing plant (handling 260 men per hour). Cantonment of 1,264 buildings. Troop capacity on June 30, 1919-About 44,500, including space for 38,000 transients, 500 inmates of detention camp, and 6,000 members of permanent garrison. Construction costs to June 30, 1919-About $11,000,000. Area-Cantonment site proper-580 acres; entire tract-770 acres. Command Status: Commanding officer reported to commanding general, Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, N. J.

Camp Commaders
1917-Sept. 17, Lt. Col. John B. Bennet;
Oct. 22, Col. John B. Bennet.

1918-Mar. 19, Col. James A. Irons;
June 29, Lt. Col. Joseph A. Marmon;
Sept. 12, Col. Joseph A. Marmon;
Oct. 25, Maj. Matthew J. Gunner;
Dec. 1, Col. Lewis S. Sorley.
1919-May 19, Maj. Gen. Charles H. Muir;
May 24, Maj. Gen. George B. Duncan through June 20.

Troops

STATION COMPLEMENT

Bkrs. & Cks. Sch. ; Base Hosp. ; Cp. Hq. ; F. Trk. & H. Co. 340 ;

Mtcl. Co. 302; M. Trk. Cos. 406, 408; Or-d. Dep. Co. 133; 5th Prov.

Gd. and F. Bn.; Res. Labor Bn.; Salv. U.; Serv. Park U.; Util. Det.

 

DIVISIONAL UNITS

1st Division:
1st Inf. Brig. (less 2d M. G. Bn.),
26th Inf., 28th Inf., garrison duty.

2d Division:
12th F. A., 15th F. A., 2d T. M. Btry., 2d Tn. Hq. and M. P.,
2d Am. Tn., 2d Sup. Tn., preparing to embark; 3d Inf. Brig. (less 5th M. G. Bn.) , 2d Tn Hq. and
M. P., 2d Sup. Tn., 2d Engr. Tn., garrison duty.

3d Division:
Div: (less 4th Inf., 6th Engrs., 5th F. Sig. Bn., 6th Engr. Tn.),
preparing to embark; Div. (less 3d T. M. Btry., 7th M. G. Bn., 3dSn. Tn.),
garrison duty. 4th Division: 4th F. A. Brig. (less 16thF. A.),
8th F. Sig. Bn., Tns. (less 4th Hq. Tn. and M. P.),
preparing to embark; DHQ., 39th Inf., 11th M. G. Bn., 8th Inf. Brig.,
4th F. A. Brig. (less 4th T. M. Btry.), 4th Engrs., Hq. Tr., 4th Sup. Tn.,
4th Engr. Tn., garrison duty.

5th Division:
DHQ., 9th Inf. Brig., 11th Inf., 13th M. G. Bn., 15th M. G. Bn.,
7th Engrs., 9th F. Sig. Bn., Hq. Tr., 5th Tn. Hq. and M. P., 7th Engr. Tn.,
preparing to embark; 13th M. G. Bn., 15th M. G. Bn., 5th F. A. Brig.
(less 19th F. A., 5th T. M. Btry.), 7th Engrs., Hq. Tr., 5th Am.Tn.,
5th Sup. Tn., 7th Engr. Tn., garrison duty.

6th Division:
318th Engrs., 318th Engr. Tn., preparing to embark;
11th Inf. Brig. (less 17th M. G. Bn.), Hq. 12th Inf. Brig., 16th M. G. Bn.,
18th M. G. Bn., 6th Tn. Hq. and M. P., garrison duty.

7th Division:
Div. (less 5th Engrs., 10th F. Sig. Bn., 5th Engr. Tn), preparing to embark;
7th T. M. Btry., demobilizing; 34th Inf., 55th Inf., 20th M. G. Bn., garrison duty.

8th Division:
13th Inf., garrison duty; 81st F. A., 319th Engrs., 319th Engr. Tn., staging.

26th Division:
101st T. M. Btry., staging.

27th Division:
Hq. 54th Inf. Brig., 107th Inf., 108th Inf., 106th M. G. Bn., 102d F. Sig. Bn.,
102d Am. Tn., 102d Sup. Tn., 102d Sn. Tn., staging.

28th Division:
Hq. 55th Inf. Brig., 110th Inf., preparing to embark.

29th Division:
Hq. 58th Inf. Brig., 104th T. M. Btry., 110th M. G. Bn.,
104th Engrs., 104th F. Sig. Bn., 104th Sup. Tn., 104th Tn. Hq.
and M. P., 104th Engr. Tn., 104th Sn. Tn., staging; 113th Inf., demobilizing.

30th Division:
60th Inf. Brig., preparing to embark.

31st Division:
Div. (less 118th F. A., 106th T. M. Btry., 106th Engrs.,
106th F. Sig. Bn., 106th Tn. Hq. and M. P., 106th Am. Tn., 106th Engr. Tn.), staging.

32d Division:
Div., preparing to embark; Hq. 64th Inf. Brig., 127th Inf.,
120th M. G. Bn., 107th Am. Tn., staging.

33d Division:
58th F. A. Brig., 108th Engrs., 108th F. Sig. Bn.,
Tns. (less 108th Tn. Hq. and M. P.), preparing to embark; 129th Inf., 108th T. M. Btry., staging.

34th Division:
Div. (less 125th F. A., 126th F. A. 127th F. A., 109th Engrs.,
109th F. Sig. Bn., 109th Am. Tn., 109th Sup. Tn., 109th Engr. Tn.), staging.

35th Division:
110th Engrs., 110th Engr. Tn., preparing to embark.

37th Division:
135th, 136th M. G. Bns., 112th F. Sig. Bn., staging.

38th Division:
Hq. 63d F. A. Brig., 137th F. A., 139th F. A., 113th Engrs.,
113th Engr. Tn., staging.

39th Division:
DHQ., Hq. 78th Inf. Brig., 155th Inf., Hq. Tr., preparing to embark;
Hq. 64th F. A. Brig., 140th F. A., 142d F. A., 114th Engrs., Hq. Tr., staging.

40th Division:
157th Inf., 158th Inf., Hq. 65th F. A. Brig., 143d F. A., 144th F. A., 145th F. A.,
115th Engrs., 115th Engr. Tn., 115th Sn. Tn., staging.

4lst Division:
82d Inf. Brig. (less 148th M. G. Bn.), 66th F. A. Brig.,
146th M. G. Bn., preparing to embark; Hq. 82d Inf. Brig., 163d Inf.,
148th M. G. Bn., Hq. 66th F. A. Brig., 116th T. M. Btry., 146th M. G. Bn., Hq. Tr.,
116th Tn. Hq. and M. P., staging.

42d Division:
Hq. 83d Inf. Brig., Hq. 84th Inf. Brig., 167th Inf.,
151st M. G. Bn., Hq. 67th F. A. Brig., 149th F. A., 150th F. A., 151st F. A.,
117th T. M. Btry., 117th Engrs., Hq. Tr., 117th Tn. Hq. and M. P.,
117th Engr. Tn., 117th Sn. Tn., staging; 166th Inf., demobilizing.

76th Division:
DHQ., 301st T. M. Btry., Hq. Tr., 301st Tn. Hq. and M. P., staging.

78th Division:
Hq. 155th Inf. Brig., 309th Inf., 311th Inf., staging. 79th Division': 304th T. M. Btry., staging.

80th Division:
305th Engr. Tn., staging.

81st Division:
317th M. G. Bn., staging.

82d Division:
326th Inf., 321st F. A., staging.

83d Division:
DHQ., 165th Inf. Brig., 166th Inf. Brig., 322d M. G. Bn., 308th Engrs.,
308th F. Sig. Bn., Hq. Tr., preparing to embark ; Hq. 166th Inf. Brig., 330th Inf., 332d Inf., 323d M. G. Bn., 322d F. A., 323d F. A., 308th F. Sig. Bn., Hq. Tr., 308th Tn. Hq. and M. P., 308th Sup. Tn., 308th Sn. Tn., staging.

84th Division:
Div. (less DHQ., 325th F. A., 326th F. A., 309th T. M. Btry., 309th Engrs.,
309th F. Sig. Bn., Hq. Tr, 309th Am. Tn., 309th Engr. Tn.), staging.

85th Division:
310th T. M. Btry., 310th F. Sig. Bn., staging.

86th Division:
331st F. A., 311th Sn. Tn., staging.

87th Division:
DHQ., 334th M. G. Bn., 335th M. G. Bn., 336th M. G. Bn., 347th Inf.,
334th F. A., 335th F. A., 312th T. M. Btry., 312th F. Sig. Bn., 312th Am. Tn., Hq Tr.,
312th Tn. Hq. and M. P., 312th Sn. Tn., staging; 345th Inf., 346th Inf., demobilizing.

88th Division:
Hq. 175th Inf. Brig., 337th F. A., 339th F. A., 313th T. M. Btry., staging.

89th Division:
314th T. M. Btry., 340th M. G. Bn., 341st M. G. Bn., staging.

90th Division:
345th M. G. Bn., 343d F. A., 345th F. A., 315th T. M. Btry., staging.

91st Division:
DHQ., 181st Inf. Brig., 182d Inf. Brig., 346th M. G. Bn., 316th Engrs.,
316th F. Sig. Bn., Hq. Tr., 316th Tn. Hq. and M. P., 316th Engr. Tn.,
316th Sn. Tn., preparing to embark; DHQ., Hq. 181st Inf. Brig., Hq. 182d Inf. Brig., 362d Inf.,
363d Inf., Hq. 166th F. A. Brig., 346th F. A., 347th F. A., 348th F. A., 316th T. M. Btry.,
316th Engrs., Hq. Tr., 316th Tn. Hq. and M. P., 316th Engr. Tn., staging; 361st Inf., demobilizing.

92d Division:
Hq. 184th Inf. Brig., 325th F. Sig. Bn., staging.

93d Division:
369th Inf., preparing to embark.

 

NONDIVISIONAL UNITS

Air Service:
lst, 2d Regts. M. Met. Avn. Sec. Sig C.

Coast Artillery:
I Corps Artillery Park ; 52d, 53d Am. Tns.; lst, 2d, 3d, 5th, 7th A. A. Bns.;
6th, l0th, 12th A. A. Sectors; Headquarters 31st Heavy Artillery. Brig.; 32d, 34th, 35th, 36th, 39th Brigs.;
49th, 55th, 57th, 60th, 70th, 75th Regts. 1st (I) Co. C. D. Los Angeles; lst, 6th, 7th T. M. Bns.

Cavalry:
2d, 6th, 15th.

Chemical Warfare Service:
Cos. E, F 1st Gas Regt.

Engineers:
17th, 25th, 27th, 55th, 602d, 605th Regts.;
40th, 44th, 46th, 48th, 68th, 87th, 127th, 128th, 129th 13lst, 469th, 50lst, 502d, 503d, 504th,
505th, 506th, 540th, 545th 547th, 548th, 549th, 550th Bns.; 401st Engr.
Pon. Park; 464th, 466th, 467th, 468th Engr. Pon. T'ns.

Infantry:
49th Regt.; 3d, Slst, 56th, 57th, 80lst, 812th, 815th Pion.

Medical Department:
Base Hosps. 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 15, 20, 21, 22, 24, 26, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 35,
40, 42, 43, 44, 46, 49, 50, 53, 55, 56, 57, 59, 63, 64, 66, 71, 76, 79,
81, 84, 87, 88, 89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 96, 98, 102, 103, 106, 108, 109, 120, 123, 136, 210;
Evac. Hosps. 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 16,
19, 21, 22, 23, 26, 29, 30, 32, 33, 49.

Motor Transport Corps:
lst, 15th, 19th, 23d, 33d, 35th, 36th, 40th M. Comds.,
403d, 404th, 405th, 406th, 407th, 408th, 409th, 413th, 415th, 417th, 418th, 420th, 42lst,
422d, 423d, 426th, 427th M. Sup. Tns.; M. Rep. Us. 308, 310, 312, 320, 322,327; M. Trk. Cos. 481, 801.

Quartermaster Corps:
Bkry. Co. 332; 30lst, 302d, 303d, 304th, 306th, 307th, 308th, 310th, 312th, 320th,
323d, 328th, 33lst, 332d, 333d, 339th, 340th F. Rmt. Sqs. ;
Serv. Bns. 318, 321, 326, 328, 330, 339, 346 ; Water Tk. Tn. 302.

Signal Corps:
9th, 10th Sig. C. Dep. Bns.; 322d, 324th, 326th F. Sig. Bns.;
5lst, 40lst, 405th, 411th, 412th, 415th, 416th, 419th, 420th Tg. Bns.

Tank Corps:
302d (II) Tk. Center; 1st Bn., Tk. Serv.

Transportation Corps:
7th G. Div. T. C.; lst, 2d, 4th, 5th, 6th, 15th, 16th, 22d, 25th, 27th, 28th, 30th,
32d, 35th, 36th, 53d, 57th, 58th, 59th, 6lst, 62d, 63d, 64th, 65th, 69th, 70th, 72d,
74th, 77th, 78th, 79th, 83d, 85th, 86th, 87th, 88th, 89th, 9Oth, 9lst, 95th, 96th,
99th, l00th, 103d, 109th, 116th, 118th, 120th, 125th, 127th, 132d, 134th, 135th, 136th,
142d, 144th, 147th, 149th, 150th, 15lst, 152d, 153d, 154th, 158th, 160th, 162d, 167th,
168th, 848th, 863d, 864th, 868th, 87lst, 872d Cos.

Veterinary Corps:
Vet. Hosp. 15.

 

Source: ORDER OF BATTLE OF THE UNITED STATES LAND FORCES IN THE WORLD WAR

Zone of the Interior: Organization and Activities of the War Department

Volume 3, Part 1

CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY UNITED STATES ARMY

WASHINGTON, D.C., 1988


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