|15 Oct 1944:||The 30th Special Service company of XX Corps presented two vaudeville shows.|
|18 Oct 1944:||
Battalion S3, Major Brice
was informed by the tank
destroyers outfit that two enemy
patrols of 20 men each were observed advancing toward our positions. This was
confirmed by the infantry.
|21 Oct 1944:||
The American Red
Cross clubmobile visited the battalion
and served coffee and
|22 Oct 1944:||
The battalion experienced
its first buzz bomb. It was
undecided at the time whether
it was a buzz bomb or a new jet propelled airplane. It was a silver cigar-shaped device
with squared wings, flying about 3 or 4 hundred miles an hour at about a 500 foot altitude.
|25 Oct 1944:|| XX
Corps Special Service
presented movies. An unidentified
plane came over at
night taking photos with an intermittent flashing light.
|26 Oct 1944:||
“C” Battery was
attached to 90th Division Artillery
to reinforce the fires of the
345th FA battalion. “C” battery occupied a position in the vicinity of Vellers Les
Rombas on a special mission to support an infantry attack on Merzieres-Les-Metz.
The battery was strafed by German planes but no casualties occurred.
|27 Oct 1944:||
received some recreational equipment from
the Group Special
Service Officer. “C” battery was told it must destroy a cement schoolhouse which
was a German stronghold in Mezieres-Les-Metz, did it. Infantry found about 90
dead Germans and 3 alive. They took the town.
|28 Oct 1944:|| A
Captain from XX Corps
Artillery visited the battalion
and requested that he
might witness the firing of the Russian 12.2 cm howitzer. The S3’s opinion on the
gun was that it sprayed ammunition like a jose spraying water. The German 88’s
had proven to be extremely accurate. Firing tables for both guns were worked out
in FDC (Fire Direction Center) as exact information was not readily obtained from the
|30 Oct 1944:|| XX
Corps Special Service
Officer presented a 5 man
During October the battalion took advantage of the stabilized situation and the
meager amount of firing, to improve its position, build shelters for protection
and comfort for all personnel.
|2 Nov 1944:|| A
message was received from
Group Headquarters that
the tops of all 1/4 and
3/4 ton trucks will be down except during rain. A buzz bomb went over the area.
Another one followed. his one was fired at ny the 90 mm AA and machine guns,
as it was plainly seen.
|3 Nov 1944:||
The battalion moved from
St. Marcel and marched
a concealed bivouac
area in the vicinity of Ottange. “C” battery rejoined the battalion at this place. From this
bivouac, several light vehicles and working parties were infiltrated to positions in the
vicinity of Soetrich from time to time, but the howitzers were not moved until 1800.
|4 Nov 1944:|| The
battalion closed in positions in Soetrich
Thionville sector. 2nd Lt. Roy
Von Inns was promoted to 1st Lt.
|7 Nov 1944:||The battalion fired several mission from the Soetrich position.|
|8 Nov 1944:||
Lt. Glick, out on an
observation post was cut off by
enemy patrol. German patrols
were spotted by Headquarters battery wire section when they were repairing lines. The
Germans never saw Lt. Glick and he continued OP operations including registration on
two towns across the Moselle river. Lt. Col. Stocks was relieved of command and Maj.
Martin Weiss took command of the 736th. The battalion stayed in this position until
|14 Nov 1944:|| At
1325 “C” battery
displaced forward to Garche on
west side of the Moselle river
closing at 2100 hours. Thereafter Headquarters battery displaced to Cattenom also on the
west side of the Moselle river.
|15 Nov 1944:|| At
1510 “B’, “A”, and
“SV” batteries left
and marched across the Moselle
river via the pontoon bridge at Thionville and occupied positions near Basse-Ham.
|16 Nov 1944:|| “C”
“HQ” battery marched from west of the
Moselle river at 0958 and
crossed the river via the Cattenom pontoon bridge, they took up positions near
Basse-Ham at 1032.
|18 Nov 1944:||
The battalion left
Basse-Ham and marched to new
positions at Metzeresche
closing there at 1432.
|19 Nov 1944:|| At
1010 the battalion left
Basse-Ham positions and
to Bettlainville closing
there at 1200.
|20 Nov 1944:|| The
marched back along the same route it
taken, as far as Basse-Ham.
Capt. James Ball, 1st/Sgt Joseph Manning and Cpl. Desmond Williamson were hurt when
the command car of “C” battery ran over a mine on the main road 2 miles south of
Basse-Ham. Capt. Edgren was ordered to take command of “C” battery temporarily.
The battalion continued on to Evendorff. Owing to traffic conditions the battalion did not
entirely close in there until 1100 on the 21st of November.
|21 Nov 1944:|| At
battalion displaced to the vicinity of
Rustroff, all batteries finally arriving
by 1900. The first round fired into Germany by the 736th was #3 piece of “C” battery,
time 1515. The battalion stayed here until 26 Nov.
|23 Nov 1944:||
Lt. Morrison returned to
the battalion from Group and
assumed command of “C”
|26 Nov 1944:|| At
1543 the battalion
marched to Waldweistroff
closing at 1733. The battalion
stayed here until 29 November.
|29 Nov 1944:|| At
1345 the battalion
marched from Waldweistroff to
Schwerdroff, the last battery
closing in by 1906 hours. We were now within walking distance of the German border.
|1 Dec 1944:||
The battalion was still
attached to the
Field Artillery Group. Lt. Wagner failed
to complete a takeoff began in heavy mud. One Cub damaged. A B-26 bomber damaged
by German AA fire, plunged into the battalion area. The bomber was piloted by 2nd Lt.
McDugald while flying a mission over enemy territory. One of the motors was shot up
and the crew was forced to bail out. All landed safely except the tail gunner whose
parachute was slow to open. He was given first aid and taken to a hospital. The plane
was #459, 9th Bomber Group Command, 322nd Bomber Group. It was abandoned
while heading towards enemy territory but circled around towards the battalion area
almost hitting the CP. It crashed on one of “A” batteries outpost, killing Pfc. Clifford
Bainter and burned two others, Pvt. Walter J. Izak and Pvt. Gerald E. Wymer so
seriously that they died later in a hospital. One other man at the outpost escaped
without a scratch.
|5 Dec 1944:||
The battalion displaced to
a new position
Guerlfangen This marked the end of
the offensive drive which took Metz... a fortress which was on of the best defended
in Europe and had not fallen to direct assault in 2000 years.
|10 Dec 1944:||
The Battalion CO, s3 and
battery Exec’s went to
firing ground 15 miles east of
Metz for a school and demonstration of a new type of fuze. The VT or Proximity
(Pozit) fuze emits a radio signal and goes off when it detects enough of this signal is
being reflected back from a hard object. The VT fuzes had a minimum arming time
of 5 seconds, so it could not be used for close-in defense. The minimum range for it’s
use with an 8” howitzer was 6000 yards.
|13 Dec 1944:||
2nd Lt. Olen E. Jones
joined the battalion
Lt. Cocroft who was sent to
the hospital. Lt. Jones was assigned to “A” battery. The battalion was in the 90th
|16 Dec 1944:||
The Battle of the Bulge
started when 3 German
smashed through the
American lines on a front between Monschau in the north and Etchernach in the
south. They had amassed over 250,000 troops, nearly 2000 artillery pieces and
1000 tanks. As the fighting in the Ardennes grew in intensity men were being
transferred to units involved in that battle. Twenty seven EM were transferred
to the infantry.
|19 Dec 1944:||Twenty six more EM’s were
transferred from the
battalion to the infantry. The
battalion was notified that a counterattack was expected at approximately 0400.
|21 Dec 1944:|| At
0837 the first elements
of the battalion began
withdrawing back into France
in the vicinity of Grindorff-Ewig, the entire battalion closing there by 1215 hours.
|23 Dec 1944:|| A
fire broke out in a room
occupied by T/4 Dean J.
T/5 P.C. Baker,
T/5 J. R. Walk and T/5 B. B. Collins, all of “HQ” battery. The stovepipe got too hot
for a shelter half stuffed around it for blackout purposes. The shelter half blazed up
and set the loft on fire. The battalion fire marshall called on local citizens for aid, asking
in broken German for a water pump. The citizens brought a tire pump. Luckily no
casualties except for the shelter half.
|25 Dec 1944:||
Christmas Day, the
battalion was notified that 50
paratroopers had been dropped
in the Group area. The report was unconfirmed. Two planes appeared friendly, P-47
types and opened fire on battalion positions. Excitement spread as word of the huge
German attack in the Ardennes got around. The new Pozit fuze was used for the first
time by “B” battery.
|26 Dec 1944:||
Two members of the 736th
picked up a suspect and
Russians in the position.
They were taken to 90th Division CIC. Here the French suspect confessed to
harboring a German soldier for 2 weeks, giving him clothes, concealing a German
weapon and not registering the man when authorities came to register everyone in the
village. The Russians, members of a forced labor battalion, had escaped from Germany
and had started on the return journey to their own country. The Frenchman was
held for trial.
|28 Dec 1944:||
The battalion was given
“Close Station March
The unit was relieved of
attachment to XX Corps and attached to XII Corps. Major Weiss was transferred to
the 915th FA Group. At 1300 the battalion marched from Grindorff-Ewig to
Medernach, Luxembourg, where it occupied positions with the mission of general
support of action of the 80th Infantry Div. Supervision of fires to be handled by 410
Field Artillery Group Fire Direction Center. The battalion closed at Medernach at 2247.
|29 Dec 1944:||
Battery “B” of the 452 AAA, was attached to the
it consisted of the 1st
platoon of the 1st Company. Two officers and 78 colored EMs. While returning with
rations for the battalion, between the towns of Merhsh and Arlon, Luxembourg, S/Sgt
Witcer, T/5 Lonnergan and Pfc. Malcolm Smith, all of “SV” battery, had an accident.
The road was being strafed by an enemy plane and an American tank taking evasive
action, skidded on the ice and ran into their truck. They were taken to the 72nd
Medical Battalion. The battalion was visited by Col. Day of the 410th FA Group, Major
Miller 410th FA Group Exec and Major Kindred, Major Cooper and Capt. Murphy of
the 183rd Field Artillery Group. The battalion was strafed by another enemy plane.
|30 Dec 1944:|| At
1610 a platoon of “B”
battery was detached and
to Berbourg, where
it took up a position with the mission of reinforcing the fires of the 20th Field Artillery
Battalion of the 4th Infantry Division. The rest of the battalion, lees one platoon of
“B” battery stayed in position at Medernach. The following casualties were suffered
during the period. S/Sgt Robert E. Witcher, T/5 James E. Lonnergan, Pfc. Malcolm
Smith, Pfc. Clifford I. Bainter, Walter J. Izak and Pvt. Gerold E. Wymer. 1st Lt.
Wagner received the Oak Cluster for the Air Medal. 1st/Sgt Lippert, S/Sgt Smith,
Sgt. Puntoriero, T/5 Gemmell, Cpl. Thorton, Pfc. Ford, Pfc. Brindle, Pfc. Smith,
Pfc. Callori, Pfc. Mitten, Pvt. Bottini, Pvt. Houston and Pvt. Craig received the
Purple Heart. A total of 300 tons of HE shell was fired at the enemy during the month.
|2 Jan 1945:||
The battalion was
located in the vicinity of
Medernach, Luxembourg, in the
5th Infantry Division sector with Zone of Action being that of the 80th Division.
The battalion was visited by Col. Day of 410th FA Group and General Lentz, XII
|6 Jan 1945:||
“A” Battery and one
howitzer from “C” battery displaced to a
new position in Schieren, Luxembourg arriving there at 1115 hours. At 1407 they
arrived back at Medernach, having been ordered to return.
|8 Jan 1945:||
The battalion received a
letter authorizing a campaign
for “Northern France”.
While in the city of Luxembourg, Lt. Glick had his jeep stolen.
|10 Jan 1945:||
Lt. Glick's stolen jeep was
found abandoned near
was notified of an expected counterattack, and to be on the alert for enemy agents
who had infiltrated the lines in American uniforms and equipment. The battalion
was notified that the Germans had crossed the river to the front and to be ready
or a quick move.
|11 Jan 1945:|| At
1600 “A” battery was
detached and moved to
Bondeler, Luxembourg. It
was attached to the 244th Field Artillery Battalion for fire direction with fire
capabilities into the ZA (Zone of Action) of the 4th Infantry Division. It arrived
there at 0300.
|15 Jan 1945:|| Battalion
positions were strafed by four planes
by two more. The battalion
received 13 reinforcements.
|16 Jan 1945:||
The battalion received 12
more reinforcements and
positions in the
vicinity of Schieren, Luxembourg. From here it was capable of fires into the 4th, 5th
and 80th Infantry Division sectors. “A” battery rejoined the battalion at this place.
|22 Jan 1945:||
“A’ battery and “B” battery
valley above Bastendorf,
|23 Jan 1945:|| “C”
Battery displaced to
displaced to Diekirch,
|25 Jan 1945:|| A
German soldier in full
uniform was found
a cellar in the middle of
the battalion area. Two unidentified people were halted in front of the CP and ran away.
|26 Jan 1945:||
The battalion was relieved
from the 410th FA
and attached to the 182nd
FGA Group. The battalion had fired 6305 rounds of ammunition (630 tons).
|28 Jan 1945:||
“B” battery was displaced to a new firing
in the vicinity of Bech. The
battery was attached to the 273rd Field Artillery Battalion and was in the 76 Infantry
|1 Feb 1945:||
General Lentz of XII Corps presented
the battalion, including one
Silver Star, one Soldiers Medal and 50 Bronze Stars.
|2 Feb 1945:||The battalion was visited by Lt. Col. Sawyer of the 182nd FA Group.|
|4 Feb 1945:||
All howitzer batteries were displaced to Haller,
Luxembourg, closing at 1947.
“HQ” and “SV batteries established themselves at Waldbilling, Luxembourg. The
ZA was of the 5th 80th and 76th Infantry Divisions. Both batteries were heavily shelled.
|6 Feb 1945:|| While
directing an M4 prime mover into position, Cpl.
Ruzika of “C” battery
slipped and fell to the soft ground and both of his legs were run over by the tractor.
|7 Feb 1945:|| “A”
battery was counterbatteried. A shell burst near
the howitzers, injuring
Pvt. Everett M. Robert who was given first aid and sent to the hospital.
8 Feb 1945:
“C” battery received a direct hit on one of its power
81 power bags were
burned, one of the howitzers was hit and the tires caught fire.
|10 Feb 1945:||
The Germans really worked over the battalion. Three
were killed and ten
wounded. Pfc. Joseph L. Poltorak of “A” battery was one of those wounded.
|11 Feb 1945:|| Counterbattery
fire had ceased. “A” and “C” batteries
displaced to a new position
northwest of Consdorf, Luxembourg.
Near Consdorf, Luxembourg
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