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 First Regiment

Missouri State Militia Cavalry

Operations 1861 - 1862

 

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Date National Events Regional Events  Organization of the First MSM Cav. Reports or Correspondence Related to the First Missouri State Militia Cavalry
1861

February 9

Confederate States of America is formed with Jefferson Davis as president      
March 4 Lincoln Inaugurated      
April 17 Confederates fire on Fort Sumter      
June 17   Battle of Boonvillee    
July 5   Battle of Carthage    
21 Union Army defeated at Bull Run      
August 10   Battle of Wilson's Creek    
September   Lexington, Missouri captured by Confederates    
November Lincoln appoints McClellan as general-in-chief Belmot Missouri falls to Union forces

 

Missouri Admitted to the Confederacy

   
1862

Feb-April

U S Grant captures Fort Henry and Fort Donelson Feb 6 and 16

 

Battle of Shiloh April 6/7

Battle of Pea Ridge March 6-8

Island No. 10 captured by Union April 7

New Orleans occupied by Union April 25

Regiment Organized in Missouri at large February 3 to April 9, 1862. 

Companies "A" and "B" in Davies County, 

Company "C" in Sullivan County, 

"D" in Putnam County

"E" in Gentry County

"F" in Linn County

"H" in De-Kalb County

"I" in Harrison County 

"K" in Lundy County

Regiment attached to District of Central Missouri, Dept. of Missouri, to July, 1863.

Headquarters at Lexington until March, 1863. (4 Cos. at Sedalia, Mo., November, 1862, to April, 1863.)

 

 
May 24    New Madrid, Missouri captured by Union forces, March 14   Expedition to Spring Hill 

 Major: On Saturday night, the 24th instant, I started from this place with Company G and a detachment from company K on a scout, for the purpose of breaking up a band of jayhawkers in the vicinity of Spring Hill, Mo.  The band is supposed to number some 60 or 70 men, and is reported to be under the leadership of the notorious Joe Kirk and Charles Cooper.  They have hitherto defied all attempts of the military to arrest them, and have one one or two occasions fired on small parties of soldiers, having killed and wounded some 10 or 12 men in this manner.  

We started from this place at 10 o'clock at night, with companies A and B, Captains McGhee and Folmsbee, started from Breckenridge, Mo., at the same hour, and entered the Spring Hill country from the west.  The detachment commanded by myself succeeded in capturing Joe Kirk, John cooper, jr. and James Hall, while the detachment from Breckenridge, led by Adjutant Dole, captured three horses, supposed to be contraband, and took three navy revolvers.  The parties captured are supposed to be the leaders of the band, and it is hoped that this portion of Missouri will now have peace.  

Each one of the parties captured has been in the rebel army, and has been in the rebel army, and has been in the habit of returning from the army at certain intervals only to be the terror of all loyal men.  Charles Cooper, sr., was arrested at the commencement of the rebellion in Missouri, took the oath, and afterward joined the rebel army, being a captain in the Confederate service.

It is said that it can be proved that Joe Kirk was the leader of a party that fired into the cars, and also was seen with the band that fired upon and wounded some United States soldiers in the vicinity of Spring Hill last summer.

Several horses have recently been taken from Union men in the neighborhood of spring Hill, and these parties are supposed to have taken them.  conservative men of all parties insist that these men should be retained in military custody during the continuation of the rebellion.  We have taken them in custody at this place, and will dispose of them as you think proper.  Alex. M. Woolfolk, Lieutenant-Colonel, commanding. (WR XXV: 80).

30       

Skirmish at Clark's Mills 

General: On Monday night, the 28th instant, an express came to me from Jajor Mullins, at Brunswick, requesting immediate re-enforcements, as he was credibly informed that a force of 400 guerrillas would attack his camp that night or in the morning.  General price, now on parole in Chariton County, had given the information.  i immediately started with the fragment of two companies now at this station, calling on the recently organized militia to guard the post in my absence.

After marching all night we reached Brunswick at sunrise and found camp undisturbed, but hourly expecting an attack.  i immediately set out scouts in all directions, who returned with information that a guerrilla force was encamped east of Chariton River, about 3 miles form Keetsvill.  I at once started in pursuit with 212 men, consisting of Captain Wilkerson's company (F), a fragment of company K, and detachment of companies C and D, under command of lieutenants Couch and Wyckoff, and 60 militia, recently organized, under the command of Captain Moberly.

We crossed the Chariton and marched some 15 miles up the river in pursuit of the enemy, and about dusk on Wednesday evening our advance guard met their advance near Clark's Mill, in Chariton county.  I was informed that they were 80 strong, and they were just emerging from the forest lining the banks of the Chariton when we met them.  They fired a volley upon us, and then a portion of them dashed into the prairie, while the remainder fell back into the forest.  Our men immediately pursued them, firing a volley upon the fleeing foe.  Major Mullins, with 60 men, had been sent by me across the country for the purpose of intercepting their retreat, and the guerrillas upon the prairie found themselves completely headed off in their attempt to escape.  Many of them endeavored to effect their escape into the forest, and some succeeded.  My orders were to show no quarters, and it being too late to fire with any accuracy, my men closed in upon them and shot them down with their revolvers.  all the while concealed assassins were firing heavily on us from the forest, but their shot whistled harmlessly over our heads.

When we had dispersed and slaughtered all we could find upon the prairie it was 11 o'clock at night, and so dark that we could not distinguish friends from enemies.  On this account 1 regarded it as too hazardous to plunge my men into the thick forest on the Chariton, and I was satisfied, too, that we could not find the enemy, concealed and scattered as they were.  Our men had eaten nothing since breakfast, and I had to march them 5 miles to obtain forage and provisions.  

We left 8 of the enemy dead upon the field, and wounded several, who escaped.  We captured 2 of the horses of the men slain and killed and wounded 2 others.

Fortunately none of my men were injured, although balls pierced the hats and clothing of several.

I required the neighboring rebels to bury their dead, and pursued our march the next morning, but without meeting any other parties of guerrillas.  I think we have given them a tremendous fright in the vicinity of East Chariton, as they all fled from that locality.  An hour's daylight would have enabled us to capture the entire company.  Alex. M. Woolfolk, lieutenant-Colonel First [Mo. S. M.] Cavalry (WR XXV: 193-4)

June 25-July 1 Seven Days Battles      
 August 1       

Grand River  and Missouri River 

Sir: I have the honor to report to you the result of my expedition to Carroll county.  In pursuance of your orders I left this post on the 30th of July for Carrollton, Carroll county, with 75 men, and on my arrival with 5 miles of Carrollton i found the enemy, 4oo strong, at that place.  I captured one of their supposed pickets, 3 in number, and deemed it proper to fall back 10 miles.  

The evening of the 31st I got re-enforced by 70 State troops and advanced on in the morning.  On arriving there I found the place vacated by the enemy, and met Major Biggers, of the fifth Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, with 200 troops, and we pursued the enemy to Grand river, a distance of 25 miles, where we dispersed them, capturing all their baggage-wagons and supplies and a large amount of arms and ammunition, and some horses and saddles, which they were compelled to abandon.  We also recovered 3 prisoners, which they had taken in the various skirmishes of the day.  We killed 30 of them, and this morning we came across some 12 of them and killed 6.  the enemy was 400 strong; that of ours only 350.  we completely routed them, scattering them all over the country, and I think it is impossible for them to reorganize again.  Thomas Doyle, First Lieut. and Battalion Adjutant First Cavalry, Mo. S. M. (WR XXV: 194-5)

5-8      

Skirmishes Near Cravensville, Panther Creek and Walnut Creek  Sear's Ford, Chariton River

I have the honor to report that on the 5th instant 14 men of the First Regiment of Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, under lieutenant Goodbrake, and 21 militia, under Captain Vickers, making in all 35 men, near Cravensville, in Daviess County, Mo., were fired upon from the brush by 85 guerrillas, under Davis and Kirk.  The engagement lasted for about an hour and a half and resulted in the defeat of the guerrillas with a loss of 6 killed and 10 wounded, 15 horses and 10 guns.  We had 3 severely and 2 slightly wounded.  Our wounded are all doing well and will recover.

On the 6th a notorious guerrilla and outlaw named Wicklin was shot, and on the 7th a notorious guerrilla named Daniel Hale was also shot by our troops in the forks of Grand River.  The guerrillas in the forks of Grand River were scattered in all directions by troops from this post.  On the 9th [8th] Lieutenant-Colonoel Woolfolk, with about 400 men, attacked Porter's band, of about 1,500 men, on Panther Creek, near where the Hannibal and Saint Joseph Railroad crosses the Chariton River, and after an engagement of six hours night put a stop to the conflict.  In this engagement it is reported that Porter lost 20 killed and 50 wounded, and lieutenant-colonel Woolfolk had 2 killed and 10 wounded.  Lieutenant-Colonel Woolfolk will make a detailed report of this engagement to your headquarters.

On the night of the 9th [8th] I joined lieutenant-colonel Woolfolk, with 130 men, under lieutenant-colonel Thompson, of the Fifth Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, and two 6-pounders, under Lieutenant Caldwell, and 30 men of the First Regiment of Cavalry, Missouri State Militia.  Early in the evening, after the engagement, Porter began his retreat north along the Chariton.  Our men were on the march about 2 o'clock the next morning in hot pursuit, and came up with Porter's rear at Walnut Creek, where they had prepared an ambuscade for our reception.  a few rounds of canister put them to flight and we continued in pursuit.  About 4 o'clock in the afternoon we came up to his rear guard, at Sears' ford, up the Chariton River,  where an engagement took place, in which we had 1 killed and 10 wounded of the First Regiment of Cavalry; 7 of the First Infantry, and 3 of the Fifth regiment of Cavalry, all Missouri State Militia, among them Captain Peery, of the First Regiment, and Sergeant-Major Linville, of the Fifth.

Porter's loss is unknown, but must have been considerable.  One we know was mortally wounded, and an eye-witness represented the ground they occupied as bloody, and indicated that many had been killed or wounded in the fight and removed.

We turned back from the Chariton, not being able to get our artillery and ammunition over the river, and, our men being exhausted, we reached Laclede on the night of the 12th instant, and on the next morning joined General loan and began the pursuit of Poindexter.  James McFerran, Colonel, commanding First Regiment Cavalry, Mo. S. M. (WR XXV: 207-8)

6       Action at Kirksville, Mo.

Reports of Col. John McNeil, Second Missouri Cavalry (Militia)  Jeadquarters in the Field, Kirksville, august 7, 1862.  Colonel: After an active pursuit of the enemy under Porter for eight days we brought him to action at this place at 11 o'clock a. m. of yesterday.  He had a force of form 2,500 to 3,000 men posted in the houses and corn fields of the village.  We had an aggregate of 1,000 men, with five pieces of artillery.  The town was taken after a fight of two hours and fifty minutes, with a loss of 5 killed, including Capt. Emanuel Mayne, of the Third Iowa, and 25 wounded.  We have captured about 200 horses, as many arms of all descriptions, many of them being recently captured Government arms.  The lost of the enemy in killed and wounded may be safely stated at 150, and 40 Prisoners.  

we are out of rations and our horses worn-out, but will take up the pursuit as soon as we can seize subsistence enough to keep us up.  John McNeil, Colonel Commanding.

Headquarters McNeil's Column, Palmyra, September 17, 1862.  Major: I have the honor to send you here with report of Lietenant-Colonel Shaffer, commanding Merrill's Horse, and of Major Caldwell, commanding detachment of Third Iowa Cavalry, and of Major Benjamin, commanding detachment of the Eleventh Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, of their operations in the action of august 6, 1862, between the force under my command and the army under the guerrilla chief Joseph c. Porter.  

I also append as brief a narrative of the events of the march and engagement as i deem their importance to allow, with such mention of the conduct of individuals as their merits justly entitle them to.  My command was composed of a detachment of the Merrill Horse, under lieutenant-Colonel Shaffer, of 14 officers and 320 men; detachment of Second Cavalry Missouri State Militia under command of Captains McClanahan and Edwards, 5 officers and 117 men; detachment of Eleventh Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, Major Benjamin, 320 men; the command of Major Caldwell, Third Iowa Volunteers, composed of detachments of his own regiment, the ninth Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, and Red Rovers, Missouri State Militia; detachment of the First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, under Major Cox, 5 officers and 132 men; section of Third Indiana Battery, Lieutenant Armington; section of steel 2-poounder battery, Lieutenant Mclaren; Sergeant West, with a 12-pounder howitzer, Second Missouri State Militia; making an aggregate of ---officers and ---men.

The train guard and those required to hold and guard horses while combatants dismounted for action, the support of the artillery and reserve deducted, left us about 500 men with which to engage the enemy.  

The pursuit which had preceded and led to this action had been long and arduous, and most of the troops engaged had been constantly on the march since the middle of July.  I had hung on the trail of the enemy from the time I struck it, on the 29th of July.  Beginning the chase with 120 men and a 12-pounder howitzer, with which I marched from Palmyra on July 29, augmented at Clinton, Monroe county, by Major Cox with 160 men and two small steel guns, I marched to Paris at night, expecting to find Porter in that place, as he had sacked it that evening.  finding that he had moved to the Elk Fork of Salt river, we prepared to attack him there, when suddenly he made a feint of an attack on us in Paris.  This kept my men on the qui vive all day, our skirmishers driving the attacking party in every direction.  But finding that this feint was only to cover his retreat across the railroad, and that he had broken up his camp at noon, we marched in pursuit all the next night, arriving at Hunnewell at 5 o'clock next morning.  We moved as soon as possible, after resting our men and horses, worn-out with forty-eight hours' constant pursuit, camping that night at 10 o'clock at a farm some 4 miles east of Shelbyville.  Hearing during the night that Porter had taken Newark the evening before, we marched next morning for Bethel, where we were joined by Major Benjamin, of the Eleventh Missouri State Militia, with 80 men, making our entire force 360 men.  with this small force we pushed on to Newark, expecting to find it occupied by Porter, with his entire force of 2,000 men.  Our advance guard entered one side of the town while the retreating enemy's rear was still in sight from the other.  Such pursuit was made as the worn out condition of our men and horses and the character of the country made prudent against so numerous an enemy.

We marched at 12 m. next day and continued pursuit of the enemy over a most difficult country, following his devious and eccentric windings through brake and bottom and across fields, often where no wheel had ever turned before.  He had destroyed bridges and obstructed the fords by felling trees.  Notwithstanding this we kept well up with him, driving in his pickets, beating up his camps, and left many of his men prone upon the track.

We came up with him at Kirksville about 10 o'clock Wednesday morning, august 6, and learning that he had expelled the people from the town, concluded that he would occupy the houses and defend the place.

Kirksville is situated on a prairie ridge, surrounded completely by timber and corn fields, with open ground on the northeast, from which direction we approached.  the advanced guard, comprising detachments of the Second and Eleventh Missouri State Militia, under Major Benjamin, had been gallantly pushed forward, and held the northeastern approach of the town long in advance of the arrival of the main column and artillery.

Upon information that the enemy held the town everything was hurried up, without regard for horse-flesh, leaving the train to the care of the rear guard.  I deployed columns on the northern and eastern faces of the town, the ground on the northeast being highly favorable for attack.  Lieutenant-Colonel Shaffer was put in command of the right wing, composed of the Merrill Horse, under Major Clopper; detachments of Second and Eleventh Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, under Major Benjamin, and the section of the battery of the Third Indiana artillery, under Lieutenant Armington.  The left wing was put in charge of Major Caldwell, of the Third Iowa volunteers, and was composed of his own command, as stated above, and the detachment of the First Cavalry, Missouri Volunteers, under major Cox.  A section of a steel battery of 2-pounder howitzer, in charge of Sergeant West and 10 men, of Company C, Second Missouri State Militia, acted as did the Indiana artillery, by my order, under the direction of Captain Barr, of the Merrill Horse. These dispositions having been rapidly made, I concluded to ascertain the position of the enemy, as nothing could be seen or heard of him, except one man in the cupola of the courthouse, who retired at the bidding of a sharps rifle; and a rifle shot from a house at an officer, who appeared too curious about what was going on in town.  For this reason I called for an officer and squad, who should charge into the town.  Lieutenant Cowdrey, of the Merrill Horse, with 8 men, did the business most gallantly--dashing in at the northeast corner of the town, where he drew a most terrible fire from houses and gardens and on all sides.  He dashed around the square, coming out at the other corner, with small loss, considering the nature of the perilous errand.  The enemy discovered, the attack commenced.  

The artillery opened, throwing shot and shell into the corn fields, gardens, and houses where the enemy were ensconced.  The dismounted men were thrown forward to seize the outer line of sheds and houses on the northern and eastern sides of the town.  This was gallantly done by the commands of Major Benjamin and lieutenant Piper, of Merrill's Horse; the detachment of the Ninth Missouri State Militia, under Captain Leonard; the Red Rovers, under Captain Rice, and the detachment of the Third Iowa.  Major Cox with his detachment occupied and skirmished through a corn field on the southeast of the town, driving a large body of the enemy out and pursuing them with effect.  The advance was steadily made, house after house being taken, the occupants killed or surrendering.  In this work we lost the most of our men that were killed or wounded--including Captain Mayne, of the Third Iowa, who fell at the head of his command, leading them up as only a brave soldier can.  a simultaneous charge of both wings now carried the town and courthouse; but still the western line of houses and cornfields were defended with energy, our lines receiving a galling fire; but the rightwing, gallantly lead by lieutenant Colonel Shaffer and Major Benjamin, made short work of this part of the field, while the left wing took full possession of the southern line of the town.

We went into camp, taking measures for the collection of forage and subsistence and putting our men and horses in condition for pursuit.  I had several days previously detached lieutenant Colonel Morsey, with 420 men of the Tenth Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, and Major Rogers, with the Second Battalion, Eleventh Regiment Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, to move north, outflank the enemy, and prevent his getting into Scotland or Schuyler Counties; and have the best reason to believe that it was the proximity of this force, of which Porter was well advised, that obliged him to make a stand at Kirksville.  this command came into camp next day, swelling our force to nearly 1,700 men, without any but the precarious means of subsistence left in a country that had been desolated by the passage of an army of nearly 3,000 men.  

Happily, on the morning of the 8th, Lieutenant Hiller arrived from Palmyra, by the way of Edina, with 8,000 rations and a timely supply of horseshoes.  The address and boldness of Lieutenant Hiller in moving through a hostile country, infested everywhere by marauding bands, with a guard of but 40 men, and for days, is worthy of the highest commendation.  It is an instance of devotion to duty that I would respectfully call to the attention of the commanding general as worth of reward.

On the morning of the 9th we moved, on information from headquarters, toward Stockton, hoping to cut the enemy off from the road; but hearing at Bloominton that Colonel McFerran's forces had met and dispersed the remainder of Porter's army, we marched to the railroad.  I here directed such disposition of the different commands as I considered efficient to prevent their crossing the road to rally again in Monroe County.

Our loss in the engagement at Kirksville will be found by the surgeon's report to be 5 killed and 32 wounded.  That of the enemy may be stated, without any exaggeration, at 150 killed and between 300 and 400 wounded and 47 prisoners.

Finding that 15 of the persons captured had been prisoners before, and upon their own admissions had been discharged on their solemn oath and parole of honor not again to take arms against their country under penalty of death, i enforced the penalty of the bond by ordering them shot.  Most of these guerrillas had certificates of parole from some provost marshal or post commandant with them, for use at any time they may be out of camp.  These paltering tokens of pocket loyalty were found on the persons of nearly all the men so executed.  Disposed that an evidence of clemency and mercy of the country toward the erring and misguided should go hand in hand with unrelenting justice, i discharged on parole all the prisoners who had not violated parole and who were in arms for the first time against their country and Government.

I cannot close this report without commending the conduct of the officers and men under my command.  Each corps seemed to vie with te other in the noble competition of duty.  Brave men fell, and we morn their loss.  But as brave men live to receive the thanks of their country for gallantry and good conduct in the face of a vastly outnumbering enemy, I would beg leave to mention my immediate attendants, lieut. Alexander McFarland, acting assistant adjutant-general, and Capt. H. Clay Gentry, eleventh Regiment.  The first was wounded early in the action and carried to the rear, but not until he had given evidence of coolness and courage that promise well for him where very he shall meet an enemy.  Captain Gentry continued throughout the action to carry my orders to al parts of the field and through heavy lines of fire without apparently losing a moment to think of himself.  his bravery is worthy the name he bears.

Lieutenant Colonel Shaffer and Majors Colpper, Benjamin, Caldwell and Cox each did their duty like brave officers and especially would I mention lieutenant colonel Shaffer and Major Benjamin as having shown distinguished gallantry and a faithful discharge of duty while under a galling fire of the enemy in entering the town.

To Captain Barr, of the Merrill Horse, I am indebted for directing the fire of the section of the Third Indiana Battery.  His services were truly valuable, and I found him there, as I have found him everywhere, the best of soldiers and the most modest of gentlemen.  The non commissioned officers and me of this battery behaved in a way which even Indiana, who has so much to be proud of in this war, may applaud.

Captain rice, commanding that gallant little company the Red Rovers, demeaned himself like a true soldier, remaining on the field during the entire action after having received a severe wound in the face. 

Lieutenant McLaren, of the section of steel battery, gave them "grape" in good style; and Sergeant West did good execution with the howitzer until the axle broke, rendering it useless for rest of the day.  Captains Leonard and Garth, of the ninth Missouri, and Captains McClanahan and Edwards, of the Second, and lieutenant Donahoo, of the Eleventh Regiment, came under my immediate notice as acting with soldierly bearing and gallantry, as did Lieutenant Piper, of the Merrill Horse, who led the first attack to seize the houses under a deadly fire, and did the work like a true soldier.

I might be deemed partial or extravagant if i were to attempt the expression of the admiration i feel for my young friend lieutenant Cowdrey, of the Merrill horse, for his gallant dash into the town to discover the enemy.  it well entitles him to official notice, and when promotion comes to him it will fall on a capable officer--one proud of the service and devoted to duty.  There were other instances of individual bravery that came under my notice which I would be glad to mention, but the limits of this report deprive me of the privilege.  

The full effect and importance of our action in this pursuit and engagement will be better estimated by those who shall hereafter chronically the events of the time than by the actors.  But I think events will prove that it will have broken up recruiting for the rebel Government in Northern Missouri under the guerrilla flag, and if vigorously followed up by a prompt application of force, with unrelenting and prompt execution of military justice, Northeast Missouri will hereafter refer to that day as a point in her history.

Justice to those who did their whole duty would not be done should I omit to mention dr. Lyon, surgeon of the Second Regiment, and dr. Trader, assistant surgeon of the First Missouri.  I enclose herewith surgeon Lyon's report of killed and wounded.  This report has long been delayed, in consequence of my continued occupation in the field since the date of the action, rendering it impossible for me to attend to any clerical duty.  John McNeil, Colonel, Commanding Expedition. (WR XXV: 211-216)

17       Johnson County

Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis: Lieutenant-colonel Woolfolk has just returned, with 225 men and two pieces of artillery.  He drove the rebels, from 700 to 1,000 strong, across Johnson county.  They are in precipitate retreat out of the State.  The crisis is past here; we do not need any re-enforcements now.  there will be peace here.  James McFerran, Colonel, Commanding. (WR XXV: 744)

24-26       

Expedition from Independence to Greenton, Chapel Hill and Hopewell 

Sir:  In accordance with General loan's order I send you my report of proceedings of my command while on the expedition sent from this post on the 24th instant:

My command, consisting of a portion of my company (E) and a detachment of Company H, under Capt. C. C. Harvey, proceeded from this post about 2 p. m. and marched to Greenton, 12 miles distant.  The night being cold and extremely dark we encamped, or ranter quartered.  

Early on the morning of the 25th the command was ordered to the scene of the mail robbery near the residence of Mr Luther Green.  Mr. Green stated that on the morning of the 22d Quantrill, with about 25 men, came to his residence and demanded breakfast for himself and men, and while at breakfast the mail-coach passed and was hailed by quantrill and the mail-bags opened and ransacked.  quantrill, having breakfasted, left in the direction of Chapel Hill.  Having received this information I ordered immediate pursuit, took an indirect route, in order to enter Chapel Hill under cover of the woods in order to surprise the band, which I had been informed was still there.  The town was entered with the utmost caution and rapidity.  Citizens were not allowed to pass out until search was made, which proved fruitless, the band having left the evening before, and, as the inhabitants stated, had dispersed into squads.  We then marched for Hopewell, saw a bushwhacker, who fled toward Blackwater Grove with the utmost precipitation.   Shots were fired after him as rapidly as possible, but he gained the bushes and probably escaped.  The grove was skirmished, no captures made, but a number driven out, who were seen crossing the prairie at full speed.  Night coming on, the pursuit was abandoned.  Quartered in a church at Hopewell.

Early on the morning of the 26th marched toward Lexington.  Having heard that Quantrill's men had been in Wellington the day previous, we moved for that point.  The same precaution used as at Chapel hill; several arrests made on suspicion; one person arrested gave information of Confederate recruits lurking around napoleon.  Ordered a secret movement on that point last night and captured 5, who reported to have been conscripted.  I think they are rebel volunteers.  In accordance with ?General Loan's order I arrested all suspicious and disloyal persons whom I could find, and brought them to the post, and have delivered them to the guard officer of the post, in accordance with your order.  Capt. C. C. Harvey, with my sanction, seized a carriage and 2 horses belonging to the rebel Colonel Reed.  It seems his (Colonel Reed's) lady had received an order from colonel Deitzler, who was commanding at this post, to retain the property.  General Loan thinks such property contraband.  I believe the property is in charge of Capt. c. C. Harvey, subject to your order, which will be promptly obeyed.  I am to state that the men behaved well; no outrages committed.  J. H. Little, Capt. Co. E, First Cavalry Mo. S. M., Comdg. Expedition.

26-29       

Operations in Jackson and Lafayette Counties 

Sir: On the 26th instant, pursuant to instructions received by telegraph from General Loan, through General [R. C.] Vaughan, directing my co-operation with him, I proceeded with all the available force that could be spared from this post, in pursuit of certain forces, said to be engaged committing depredations on the citizens of the counties of Jackson and La Fayette, in this State.  We marched to Greenton, 12 miles from this post, and quartered for the night.  In this vicinity the widow of Barker, who was murdered by the bushwhackers last summer, had been robbed the night previous of all the Negroes and horses on the plantation by armed men unknown to the family.  The next morning we resumed our march in the direction of Pink Hill.  On the march a man by the name of Grear was shot by our scouts for refusing to obey their summons to halt.  About 1 p. m. we entered the Independence road and found that Colonel [W. R.] Penick had just passed with 1110 men, in the direction of Independence.  We followed, and in the course of an hour overtook his command.

About 3 p. m. we came upon the Kansas forces, encamped at James' residence, and drawn up in line of battle, their right resting across the road at the end of a lane; their left extending in the rear of the buildings.  They had their artillery, one 6-pounder, planted on their right, in position to rake the lane.  A part of Colonel Penick's force marched into the lane, in range of the artillery and small-arms of the Kansas men, before I was aware of their proximity, the road at that point making a right angle. 

As soon as I saw their position, I formed our forces on an elevation, and planted our artillery so as to command their position.  Immediately after this the Kansas men broke ranks and stacked their arms, displaying the United States flag, whereupon a correspondence ensued between General Vaughan and Colonel [C. W.] Adams, in command of the Kansas forces, being the Twelfth Kansas Volunteers, a copy of which is herewith presented.  Before the correspondence closed, night had set in, and our men having been on the march and under arms since daylight in the morning, they were permitted to get quarters for the night at the different farm houses surrounding the position occupied by the forces during the day.  during the night Colonel Adams was placed under arrest for disobedience of orders, and the command devolved upon the second in command, reported to be lieutenant-Colonel [J. E.] Hayes.  Thus matters stood until morning.  Our forces consisted of detachments of my regiment, First Cavalry, Missouri State Militia; Second Battalion Cavalry, Missouri State Militia, under the command of Captain [R.] Smith; La Fayette Enrolled Missouri Militia, under the command of colonel Neill, and the Ray Enrolled Missouri Militia, under the command of Lieutenant-colonel [J. W.] Black, and colonel Penick's command, numbering in all about 450 effective men, with three pieces of artillery.  The Kansas forces numbered about 300 effective men.

At sunrise in the morning our forces again reoccupied the position of the evening before.  Shortly after this the Kansas troops sent within our lines about 20 horses and resumed their line of march toward Kansas.  We had, however, taken the precaution to station a part of our forces in their advance thus putting them on the offensive, and making them responsible for a collision, if one ensued, by their attempt to force our lines.  As soon as they began their march we began the pursuit.  Thus finding themselves surrounded, upon the demand of an officer, specially detailed for the duty, they delivered up all property claimed as belonging to citizens of Missouri, including Negroes after which they resumed their march to Kansas.  The property turned over by them to General Vaughan consisted of about 100 horses and mules, 40 Negroes, 6 ox-teams, and 1 two-horse team, loaded with household goods of great variety.  This property was brought with us several miles as we returned.  The Negroes were turned out of the lines, and the property placed in the hands of discreet citizens, by direction of General Vaughan, to be delivered to the owners, upon application.  Our forces continued their march, arriving at this post at about 8 p. m. on the 28th instant.  

After the arrest of Colonel Adams, Lieutenant-Colonel Hayes, being in command of the Twelfth Kansas, placed the major of said regiment under arrest, and was afterward arrested himself, for disobedience of orders, by General Vaughan.  This placed the Twelfth Kansas under command of its senior captain.  As far as I know or believe, the expedition of the Twelfth Kansas into this State was not in pursuit of guerrillas or other military forces of the enemy, no such forces being in the counties of La Fayette and Jackson at the time, and had not been for some time before.  From the best evidence I could obtain, much of the property returned by the Twelfth Kansas to General Vaughan was taken by them from Union men.  it is proper to state, however, that i was informed in some instances they had, to some extent, respected the rights of Union men.  Thus the supremacy of the laws was vindicated, our officers and men doing their duty and observing good order throughout.  James McFerran, Colonel First Missouri State Militia Cavalry (WR XXXIV: 39-41).

September 17 Battle of Antietam      
December 13 Battle of Fredericksburg      
31 Battle of Murfreesboro   Unit Organization as of December 31

Lexington, Mo., 1st Missouri State Militia Cavalry (six Companies, Col. James McFerran

Sedalia, Mo., 1st Missouri State Militia cavalry (four companies), Lient. Col. Alexander M. Woolfolk ( WR XXXIV: 891)

 

 

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