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The 91st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry

Dedicated to the memory of Carol Ide (1958-2012)

Origins The 91st was formed from volunteers in Philadelphia, and most of its men were born in Pennsylvania.

Endings Almost 10% of the regiment died in service. 654 men mustered out with the regiment at the end; 128 of them were original members.

Washington The 91st guarded several famous Confederate female spies, and also shot a prisoner who was a boyhood friend of John Wilkes Booth.

Life Most of the regiment's time was taken up, not with battles, but with training and other duties.


After the war Colonel (Brevet Major General) Gregory was the only Assistant Commissioner of the post-war Freedman's Bureau who could be called an abolitionist.
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Fact of the week [updated Sundays]

#535 Twenty people died in the first 90 days of their service in the regiment. The earliest death was Louis Bender, who committed suicide just ten days after volunteering. The earliest death in battle was by Henry Bennett, who died at Hatcher's Run just twenty days after enlisting. (Click on the heading to sort by that column.)
daysnameco.datescause of death
57Barnhart, ZachariahC24 Mar 65-20 May 65battle
10Bender, LouisH10 Feb 64-20 Feb 64suicide
20Bennett, Henry AH7 Oct 64-27 Oct 64battle
42Bolon, GeorgeD20 Feb 64-2 Apr 64illness
54Carrigan, FrancisE30 Mar 65-23 May 65accident
36Clutterbuck, John (alias for John O'Donald)E28 Mar 65-3 May 65illness
38Corle, FrancisG21 Sep 64-29 Oct 64battle
36Corle, JonathanG21 Sep 64-27 Oct 64battle
19Derr, Aaron JF4 Feb 64-23 Feb 64illness
22Irvine, DavidD11 Sep 61-3 Oct 61illness
80Lutz, WilliamD18 Feb 64-8 May 64illness
57McDermot, JamesA12 Mar 64-8 May 64battle
87McLaughlin, WilliamB15 Oct 61-10 Jan 62accident
62Mervine, RobertC28 Mar 65-29 May 65illness
57Monteith, JohnE16 Mar 64-12 May 64battle
80Ross, WilliamH24 Mar 65-12 June 65illness
36Stineman, JohnB21 Sep 64-27 Oct 64battle
88Strauser, JohnH27 Mar 65-23 June 65illness
59Walters, JohnH29 Oct 61-27 Dec 61illness
53Welsh, RichardI20 Mar 65-12 May 65illness

Battles and casualties Because of poor generalship, the 91st had no spectacular successes on the battlefield. But they paid a heavy price: 114 of them were killed or mortally wounded in battle.

After the war Many men received pensions, and joined veterans' associations. The last death I known of occurred in 1940.

Harry Ide is developing this web page. E-mail me at with corrections, suggestions, or information!

Also contact Cyrus at, who is writing a book about the 91st PA.

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revised 22 Mar 15
Contact Harry Ide at with comments or questions.