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The 91st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry

Dedicated to the memory of Carol Ide (1958-2012)

Origins The 91st was formed from volunteers in Philadelphia, and most of its men were born in Pennsylvania.

Endings Almost 10% of the regiment died in service. 654 men mustered out with the regiment at the end; 128 of them were original members.

Washington The 91st guarded several famous Confederate female spies, and also shot a prisoner who was a boyhood friend of John Wilkes Booth.

Life Most of the regiment's time was taken up, not with battles, but with training and other duties.


After the war Colonel (Brevet Major General) Gregory was the only Assistant Commissioner of the post-war Freedman's Bureau who could be called an abolitionist.
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Fact of the week [updated Sundays]

#518 Andrew Brown (C) wrote a letter from near Cloud Mills, Virginia, on 26 August 1862, shortly after the regiment left Alexandria (on 20 August) to join the Army of the Potomac. Almost all the division had arrived, and some had already left; he expected to leave for Warrenton later that day. He wasn't able to carry everything he had accumulated in Alexandria; he sent a box by Adams Express with his old clothes and other things he couldn't carry. They did escort a wagon train on the 28th, and moved around for several weeks, eventually joining a new division on 12 September, which was sent to the Army, arriving the day after the Battle of Antietam.

Battles and casualties Because of poor generalship, the 91st had no spectacular successes on the battlefield. But they paid a heavy price: 114 of them were killed or mortally wounded in battle.

After the war Many men received pensions, and joined veterans' associations. The last death I known of occurred in 1940.

Harry Ide is developing this web page. E-mail me at with corrections, suggestions, or information!

Also contact Cyrus at, who is writing a book about the 91st PA.

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revised 31 Aug 14
Contact Harry Ide at with comments or questions.