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The 91st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry

Dedicated to the memory of Carol Ide (1958-2012)

Origins The 91st was formed from volunteers in Philadelphia, and most of its men were born in Pennsylvania.

Endings Almost 10% of the regiment died in service. 654 men mustered out with the regiment at the end; 128 of them were original members.

Washington The 91st guarded several famous Confederate female spies, and also shot a prisoner who was a boyhood friend of John Wilkes Booth.

Life Most of the regiment's time was taken up, not with battles, but with training and other duties.


After the war Colonel (Brevet Major General) Gregory was the only Assistant Commissioner of the post-war Freedman's Bureau who could be called an abolitionist.
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Fact of the week [updated Sundays]

[I apologize--this semester has been overwhelming for me. I hope to get back to adding the compiled service records I have and adding "facts of the week" now, but I may miss more weeks for the next couple of months.]

#557 Next week I should finish ordering the compiled service records for the men who are listed in the index but about whom I have no other information. Once I have those recorded, I'll start re-examining the more complete statistics. But I may exclude people who didn't begin and end in the 91st. So far I know of 167 who transferred to the 91st from another regiment, 6 temporarily assigned to the 91st, 1 who was transferred to another regiment, and 9 mistakenly assigned to the 91st. Excluding those 183 men will mean, for example, not having to worry about what to do with men who died or were discharged before they were transferred on paper to the regiment (James Appel, William O'Conner, and William Lindsay). Unfortunately, this won't take care of all the problem cases; see for example Charles Hannigan, Charles Blazo, and David Wood.

Battles and casualties Because of poor generalship, the 91st had no spectacular successes on the battlefield. But they paid a heavy price: 114 of them were killed or mortally wounded in battle.

After the war Many men received pensions, and joined veterans' associations. The last death I known of occurred in 1940.

Harry Ide is developing this web page. E-mail me at with corrections, suggestions, or information!

Also contact Cyrus at, who is writing a book about the 91st PA.

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revised 23 Aug 15
Contact Harry Ide at with comments or questions.