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April 1862

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The 91st was attached to the defenses of Washington throughout this month. It had duty in Washington DC at the beginning of the month, and was transferred to Alexandria Virginia 27 April. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

?See a query by William C Reiff for a description of one event while guarding prisoners at the Old Capitol Prison in March or April 1862.
? Edward Owens (B) discharged on surgeon's certificate
? Barhard Kane (B) deserted some time in April 1862
1 The 91st was quartered in Franklin Square Barracks, and attached to General Wadsworth's command [report]
John Hoffnagle (C) deserted at Washington, DC
Charles Davenport (118th PA) deserted from hospital, Philadelphia PA
2 John Solomon (A) deserted (perhaps 6 May 62)
William Watkins (F) discharged at Franklin Square Barracks on surgeon's certificate
3 Richard Quinlan (A) deserted (perhaps 14 Mar 62 or 30 Apr)
Andrew Boyd (H) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate (possibly 5th)
4 George Surrick (B) discharged on surgeon's certificate of disability
Neil McWilliams (K) deserted
5 Charles Vansant (C) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate (possibly 6th)
Henry Foust (F) discharged at Franklin Square Barracks, Washington DC on surgeon's certificate
Andrew Boyd (H) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate (possibly 3rd)
Patrick Dwier (H) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate
6 Charles Vansant (C) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate (possibly 5th)
William Wispert (H) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate
Elias Swire (B) returned from absence--either because Major Todd saw him in Philadelphia or voluntarily (but in any event he wasn't arrested and immediately returned to duty)
7 Henry Carr (F) discharged at Franklin Square Barracks, Washington DC, on surgeon's certificate
8 Charles Eckhart and Charles Powell detailed as clerks, Provost Marshall's Office, Washington DC, by order of Brigadier General Wadsworth
William Roberts (A) discharged from Carroll Barracks on surgeon's certificate (possibly 18th)
9 John Douglass transferred from the 3rd NY Artillery, by SO 67, Brig Genl Wadsworth, Washington DC
an inspector found the regiment's Enfield Rifles were unserviceable and unsafe (report)
10 Barnett McGraw (D) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate
John McGahagan (F) discharged on surgeon's certificate
William Redheffer (A) promoted to sergeant
Edward J Doolittle (H 9th NY Cav) returned to duty
11 Edward J Doolittle (H 9th NY Cav) temporarily attached to B 91st PA by order of General Wadsworth (SO 37, HQ Mil Dist of Wash)
12 George C Rubicam (F) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate
George W Rubicam (F) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate
James Brown (I) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Samuel Ellis (I) discharged on surgeon's certificate
John Young (I) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Henry Mathers (E) wrote a letter to his mother, sending her $15, and telling her he was quartered 'in a large house right opposite the Capitol', in a room with Francis Harrigan (E) and James Wiliams (E)
13 Casper Roberts (H) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate
Gustavus Bernstein (A) died of typhoid fever, at Washington DC; company A passed resolutions mourning his death; Walter, v.3 #35 p.2, describes an attempt to start a club to send back the bodies of soldiers who died, which he effectively argued against; he is probably referring to Bernstein's death
14 Patrick Gallagher (B) and Joseph Keen were drunk on duty as sentinels at the Douglas Hospital
William Melvin (K) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Andrew Brown (C) wrote a letter to his father and sister from Washington DC, which notes (a) that they were encamped at Carroll Hill, and (b) they had been paid; company C, which was on guard at the prison, was paid when they returned for supplies
David Mundell (I) mustered in E 88th PA [while deserted from the 91st]
15 Henry Mathers (E) sent his mother a letter, from Washington, DC. Besides personal notes, he said that Jim Wilson had robbed two men of $21 the night after payday, and left without being caught. He was worried, because he hadn't heard from her.
16 William Johnson (E) discharged on surgeon's certificate
John C Young (E) discharged on surgeon's certificate
James Claville (E) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Patrick Farrell (F) discharged at Carroll Hill Barracks on surgeon's certificate
Nicholas Green (F) discharged at Carroll Hill Barracks on surgeon's certificate
Lawrence Humphries (H) killed accidentally at Washington DC
Wadsworth requested replacement arms for the 91st [letter, 16 April 1862, Brig Gen'l James S Wadsworth to Chief of Ordnance Corps Washington DC]
17 Elias Swire (B) absent on a day pass
Andrew Brown (C) wrote a letter to his father and sister, from Carroll Hill Barracks, Washington DC
18 William Roberts (A) discharged from Carroll Barracks on surgeon's certificate (possibly 8th)
John Warren (A) discharged from Carroll Barracks on surgeon's certificate
Elias Swire (B) was absent without leave
Richard Thornton (D) discharged at Washington DC on surgeon's certificate
Samuel Wilson 1st (D) discharged on surgeon's certificate
19 Ordered to assemble at the Long Bridge, and inspected. 560 men, armed with muskets, and sufficient ammunition (inspection report) (This is presumably the surprise nighttime exercise that caused problems in the Old Capitol Prison, according to a newspaper account)
Lewis Bourgant (F) discharged at Carroll Hill Barracks on surgeon's certificate
Charles Shilling (I) discharged on surgeon's certificate
20 Ambrose Baker shot Jesse Wharton at the Old Capitol Prison
William Clages (C) deserted at Washington DC (possibly 1 Jun)
David Lindsay (C) deserted at Washington DC (possibly 1 Jun)
Henry Mathers (E) wrote his mother a letter, which reassures her that he wasn't going to take "French leave", that their Easter Sunday included plenty of eggnog, boiled eggs, and salt pork, and also described the shooting of Jesse Wharton and the evening exercise that preceded it
21 Representative Charles B Calvert (of Maryland) wrote to the War Department about the shooting of Jesse B Wharton.
22
23 An Assistant Secretary of War, PH Watson, replied to Charles B Calvert that they were investigating Jesse B Wharton's death.
Gregory started as Provost Marshal of Alexandria VA ['By magnetic telegraph'. North American and United States Gazette (Philadelphia PA), 24 April 1862]
Charles Willis mustered in co A
Emmor Lewis (G) discharged on surgeon's certificate at Indiana Hospital, Washington DC
24 George Hollick (E) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Robert Raya (E) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Hugh McLaughlin enlisted in co H at Alexandria VA
the 91st was issued the US rifle musket, calibre .58, made at the Springfield Armory in 1861
[see report, Brig Genl L Thomas, 4 May 1862]
25 John Howell (G) died (perhaps 26th)
John McNickle (C) deserted at Washington DC (perhaps 1 Jun 62)
? Colonel Gregory appointed Provost Marshal of Alexandria (according to 'Our Alexandria letter', Philadelphia Inquirer 23 August 1862, page 1)
26 John Howell (G) died (probably 25th)
Martin Jones (H) may have been promoted to corporal
John Miller (H) resigned (apparently) as corporal
George Crouse (K) deserted
John Mallon (K) died of drowning, at Alexandria VA
William Stackhouse (K) detailed as clerk
27 Regiment ordered to Alexandria for provost duty. It was transferred by steamer. It relieved the 88th PA. Colonel Gregory was acting Military Governor of Alexandria, and Captain Joseph H. Sinex was Provost Martial of Alexandria. [Bates, p.186; Walter, v.3 #35 p.2; Dyer, v.3 p.1604; Welch, p.501 (26 April)]
Archibald Nimmo (C) promoted to corp
Joseph Everhart (C) promoted to corp
Hugh McLaughlin mustered in co H at Alexandria VA (perhaps 29th)
Richard Kline (H) discharged at Alexandria VA on surgeon's certificate
28
29 Hugh McLaughlin mustered in co H at Alexandria VA (perhaps 27th)
30 Richard Quinlan (A) deserted (perhaps 14 Mar 62 or 3 Apr)
James Bernard (G) reduced to the ranks
31

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revised 3 Feb 15
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