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May 1863

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The 91st began this month in the First Brigade, Third Division, Fifth Army Corps, Army of the Potomac. It was transferred to the Third Brigade, Second Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

? Michael Burgen deserted in May 1863
Jacob Kaepplinger injured in leg
Charles Coates injured in leg
James Nelson (D) wounded in leg
John Dougherty (F) apparently missing
George Detterline (H) wounded in hand
Hugh McLaughlin (H) wounded in head
John Dort (K) apparently wounded in breast
Thomas Young (K) apparently wounded in foot
Robert Reese (K) apparently wounded in hand
? All but two of the regiments in the brigade were mustered out, because their nine-month term had ended. The 91st PA and 155th PA were transferred to the 3rd brigade (Col. O'Rourke), 2nd Division (Gen. Sykes) of the 5th Corps. [Bates, p.189; Welch, p.502]
1 Battle of Chancellorsville
1 am. Reached the Chancellor House. (According to Humphreys, the division didn't reach Chancellorsville until 7 am, because Tyler's Brigade [which included the 91st] was tardy, because they were exhausted.)
The regiment rested until noon, and then marched, left in front, down the road leading to Banks' Ford. (The 91st led the column.) The division was then massed to the rear of, and between, Sykes' and Griffin's division, ready to support either.
After marching slowly for several miles, the regiment (with the division) next countermarched to Chancellorsville, and was put on the road leading to Richardson's Ford. It formed in line on right of road, with the division's left resting on the river, and entrenched. The regiment's line was near the edge of a field. They built a breast-work of logs and earth, and put out a strong picket force.
Robert McDermott (K) dishonorably discharged by sentence of gcm
[Bates, p.188; Walter v.3 #38 p.2-#39 p.1; Humphreys' report, p.546; Walter v.3 #38 p.2; Dyer, v.3 p.1604]
J W Molyneaux (B) promoted to orderly sgt
2 Battle of Chancellorsville, continued
The regiment built earthworks, with a heavy line of skirmishers to the front. According to Humphreys, the trenches were completed before midday. According to Walter, the day was tranquil.
William Gilliland (F) wounded (perhaps 3rd)
[Bates, p.188; Walter v.3 #39 p.1; Humphreys' report, p.546; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
3 Battle of Chancellorsville, continued
6 am. The division was relieved by the Eleventh Corps. It went to the Chancellor house. About 7 am, the division was massed in rear of the center of Griffin's position (on the Ely's Ford Road), ready to support Griffin, Sykes, or French (who was on Griffin's left).

9 am. The brigade was ordered to support General French. It formed in line along the road, and advanced into a wood. The 91st PA was on the right, and received the first fire. After about one hundred yards, they encountered Confederate skirmishers, and a line of battle just beyond them. The battle lasted for some time (the accounts of the length are inconsistent). Col. Gregory received a leg wound here. Although he initially insisted on remaining, Tayman took his horse by the head and forced him to go to the rear, where he agreed to leave, after inspecting the wound, with David Baker. Although Tyler describes the wound as 'slight', Humphreys describes it as serious, and Gregory never fully recovered from it, and eventually died from it. Lt Col Sinex took command, though he wasn't informed until just before the regiment retreated, apparently because Tayman was not able to find him. No reinforcements were available. According to Tyler and Humphreys, the brigade was forced to retreat by lack of ammunition, and because the Confederates had outflanked them to the right. They left behind the dead and most of the wounded.

According to Thomas Walter, he noticed the 91st PA was outflanked, and warned everyone to leave. Lt Col Sinex initially tried to stop them, but when Walter showed him they were outflanked, he ran for his horse, which was killed just then, and he had to run out of the woods. The Confederates advanced but were driven back by artillery (which fired after Walter ducked to avoid being hit!).

When the brigade was outflanked, Cyrus Cartledge (E) wanted to search for his younger brother James. Fortunately for Cyrus, their captain told him James had gone with a squad to the right, and Cyrus found him reforming on the colors.

The 91st was next posted at the intersection of the Chancellorsville and United States Ford roads. But according to Walter it was so scattered that only a few soldiers were at the flag at first.
[Bates, pp.188-9; Walter v.3 #39 pp.1-2; Humphreys' report, pp.547-548; Tyler's report;; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Welch, pp.501-2]
4 Battle of Chancellorsville, continued
By this morning, almost everyone was out of food, and even exorbitant prices were refused. But coffee was still available. About noon, the regiment moved to the rear, and built new earthworks. Some men helped build a seven-mile long road through a forest to a ford, and witnessed a near-execution of someone who had been missing, averted at the last minute by his explanation of his absence. At night, the regiment moved back to the front, formed in line to cover the retreat. The division was held ready to support Sickles (on the left) or Reynolds (on the right).
[Bates, p.189; Walter v.3 #39 p.2; Reynolds' report, p.548; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; C Raitt, 'An incident at Chancellorsville' National Tribune 21 Sep 1911, p.7]
Charles Beaver (D) discharged at Washington DC because of wounds
5 Battle of Chancellorsville, continued
In the afternoon, the brigade was formed 100 yards behind Allabach's brigade, which was 150 yards behind Sykes' left. They were to charge the intrenchments with bayonets if the Confederates attacked. They held this position until they began marching for United States ford. [Reynolds' report, p.548; Walter v.3 #39 p.2; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; I assume Bates' description on page 189 refers to the 6th, not the 5th]
John Anorson (C) captured (probably actually 5 May 1864)
Johnson Agnew (A) and William Kintzell (A) may have been captured
Robert Stewart (D) wounded
6 Battle of Chancellorsville, continued
At midnight, the regiment fell back to the fortified line. The division began marching for United States Ford at about 1 am. After they marched 1 mile, they halted, and massed on the right side of the road. They resumed marching at daylight. After Griffin's division took up a position in their rear, they crossed the Rappahannock on the upper bridge, while Sykes' division was crossing it on the lower division, finished by the middle of the morning. They returned to their old camp, reaching it before dusk.
Dennis McCarty (E) deserted
George Black (H) died of wounds suffered 3 May
[Humphreys' report, p.548; Walter v.3 #39 p.2; Bates, p.189; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
7 see casualties at Chancellorsville for the post-battle reports
Morris Kayser transferred from co.I to co.H
John F Walters went to div hosp sick
['Additional list of killed and wounded', Philadelphia Inquirer, 7 May 1863, page 1]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
8 "Private Shaeffer" (C) (perhaps William Scheiffer) detailed as cook for brig. teamsters
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
9 Edgar Gregory (hq) began sick leave
Theodore Parsons admitted to hospital in Georgetown
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
10 William Redheffer (A) ended assignment as Provost Guard to General Meade's headquarters
11 William Redheffer (A) assigned as Provost Guard at corps headquarters
Joseph Anten (B) awol
Horace Faust (D) promoted to capt
M A Hanley (AQM) shipped ordinance stores belonging to the 91st to Washington, on the steamer N Jenkins, including 7 boxes of guns (M 1861), 1 box of bayonet scabbards, 1 box of bayonet sheaths, 1 box of shoulder straps, and 1 box whose contents were unknown [see letter, Tayman, 16 Nov 63]
left leg of Theodore Parsons (C) amputated
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
12 Howard Shipley commissioned 1st lt
James Closson appointed capt (mustered in 1 Mar 64!)
[see 'The Battles of Fredericksburg: further list of wounded', Philadelphia Inquirer 12 May 1863, page 4]
13 Benjamin Tayman (hq) under arrest by order of General Tyler
Morris Kayser returned to co.B and assigned as acting reg't adjutant
Horace Faust (D) provided information about the death of David Irvine (D)
Lt James Closson (G) assigned to co.H
William Griffin (K) deserted
Lewis Lammey (K) admitted to field hospital
details:
ambulance corps: Justus Gregory, 14 men (B); 15 men (D)
brigade hq: 2 corp, 4 pri (D); 2 priv (K)
brigade hq guard: 2 men (B), 2 priv (I)
brigade wagoners: 14 priv (G)
cattle guard: 13 men (A)
division guard: 1 corp, 5 priv (K)
division hq: 1 sgt, 8 men (A); 1 corp, 3 priv (F)
division hq, guard: 1 corp, 4 priv (G)
division hq, provost guard: entire co.E
guarding [illegible word]: 16 men (A)
picket: entire co.C; 1 lt, 2 corp, 17 men (F); all of co.I except 2 priv
teamsters, at hq: 15 priv (H)
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
14 Thomas Thomas, ass't surg, dismissed [possibly 5 Mar 63]
John Young, ass't surg, dismissed [possibly 5 Mar 65]
William R Milligan (K) dismissed
Charles France (A) detailed as hostler, div hq
John Kane (D) assigned as officer's cook
[see 'List of some of the killed and wounded', Pittfield Sun 14 May 1863]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
15 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
regiment received notice that Charles Beaver (D) discharged because of wounds
David Wolf returned to co for duty
[see 'Promotion in the Ninety-first regiment ...', Philadelphia Inquirer 15 May 1863 page 8]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
16 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
Ralph B Montgomery and Charles Thomson sent by direction of Gen. Tyler to Appnia Creek to guard his private Baggage
lt George Black (H) dropped because reported dead
corp John Cooker (I) gained from missing in action
[see 'A new regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 16 June 1863 page 8]
details:
co.A: 2 men, hq guard
co.A: 6 men, ambulance corps
co.B: 2 men, ammunition train
co.C: 1st Brig teams John Connolly to report to Lieut Diehl [?]
co.C: acting sgt Ambrose Baker, priv Mansfield Wood, John Anorson, Conrad Brown, and John E Cochran [?], guards at div hq
co.C: 2 corps, 14 priv ambulance drivers + stretcher bearers
co.D: 5 men, at brig hq
co.D: 1 [?] corp, at brig teams
co.D: 1 corp, at brig commissary
co.E: company, as provost guard at div hq
co.F: 3 corp + 18 priv, to report to brig hq
co.G: 1 corp + 3 priv, to report to brig hq
co.H: 1 sgt + 4 priv, to report to brig hq
co.I: 9 men, to report to Brig Hd Qrs
co.K: 4 men, to brigade hq
John Jester discharged from 124th PA
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
17 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
co.C: Andrew Brown, George Ott, William Hooven gained from mia; in corps hosp. as paroled prisoners
details: co.A: 8 on detached service at corps hq; 3 cattle guard; 6 teamsters; 1 hostler at div hq; 1 brig hq. co.E on provost duty at div hq
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
18 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
Charles Leipold (A) detailed as assistant to Dr Caswell [?]
Andrew Steinmetz + Patrick Donnelly (H) dropped as paroled prisoners, returned to regt
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
19 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
9 of the 11 men in co.E captured at the Battle of Fredricksburg returned as paroled prisoners: John Griffith, George Keever, Joseph Rementer, Samuel Stewart, Robert Wooden [?], James Clayton [?], David Baird, William Dougherty, and John L Keever
William R Cooper (K), and Lewis T Lammy [?] (K) returned from missing in action
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
20 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
21 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
Corpl Simpson (either Samuel Simpson or William Simpson) reported gained from missing in action; at Camp Parole, MD
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
22 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
23 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
William Kintzle (A), Johnson Agnew (A) gained from missing in action
Morris Kayser (B) absent with leave for 2 [?] days
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
24 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
William E Michaels (F) absent on leave for 5 days
Howard Shipley (G) assigned to duty in co.H
George Souders mustered out of 135th PA
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
25 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
John Cooker died of wounds from Chancellorsville (could be 25 June)
Isaac Knight (hq) on 5-day leave
co.E returned to regt from div hq
Benjamin Tayman was tried by general court martial [see transcript]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
26 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
27 regiment was camped near Falmouth VA
Max's Rooke (A) discharged from camp in field on surgeon's certificate (possibly 27 Jan 63 or 28 Jan 63)
received request for extension of Col Gregory's sick leave, dated 22 May
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
28 regiment was camped near Potomac Creek, Virginia
The 91st PA relieved the 32nd Massachusetts at Stoneman's Switch, guarding the railroad from the station to Potomac Bridge. This was the railroad that led from Acquia Creek, on which the Union army transported supplies.
[Bates, p.189; Walter v.3 #39 p.2; Welch, p.502]
received request for extension of Edgar Gregory's sick leave for 20 days
John Anorson (C) absent on leave for 5 days
William Gilmore (E) reported gained from missing in action
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
29 William Beals [?], Albert Morgan, and John Worl (C) gained from mia (possibly 30th)
Howard Shipley may have been transferred from co.H to co.G
[for more information, perhaps see consolidated morning report (may be 30th)]
30 Hugh Martin (K) deserted
Jacob Keesey (H) detailed by Col O'Rourke as teamster
[for more information, perhaps see consolidated morning report (may be 29th)]
31 regiment was camped near Stonemans Creek
Joseph Anten (B) apparently no longer reported awol
William Kelley (K) deserted from hospital
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]

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revised 6 Jul 14
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