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June 1863

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Throughout this month, the 91st was in the Third Brigade, Second Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac, participating in the Gettysburg Campaign from about mid-month. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

The accounts of the Gettysburg Campaign have inconsistent dates. I haven't been able to reconcile them yet, and have simply reported them below.

? To Catlett's Station, after Mount Holly Church (9th) [Bates, p.189]
? General Weed assigned brigade at Catlett's Station. Went through Manassas Junction (16th?), Gum Spring (17th?), Aldie (20th?) (turned aside to support cavalry), crossed Potomac at Edwards' Ferry. Arrived at Frederick City and rested until 28th. Meade took army, Sykes corps, and Ayers division. [Bates, p.189]
? Gum Springs (after Manassas Junction), halted 2 or 3 days, with Weed taking command. To Aldie, supporting cavalry. To Leesburg (regiment formed picket line and guarded Union flank). Left Leesburg about 3 pm, crossed Potomac at Edwards' Ferry. To Poolesville, MD, arriving about 9.00. Resumed march ca 4 am. Halted at Frederick City, MD for two days. To Uniontown; bivouacked in rain. Crossed South Mountain, halted at Boonesboro. Shoes had become badly needed, and were issued there. To Union Mills. [Welch, p.502]
1 regiment was camped near Stoneman's Switch, VA
William Chaptman (F) promoted to corp (probably 1 Jan)
Jeremiah Derr (F) promoted to corp (probably 1 Jan)
John Walsh (A/F) promoted to corp (probably 1 Jan)
Charles Loper (G) discharged on surgeon's certificate at corps hospital
Robert Rowan (H) and William McKee (B) detailed as teamsters transferred to artillery brigade as teamsters [see next line]
William Egan (H) captured
received letter from RA Owen (chief QM 5th Corps) about transferring teamsters to the artillery brigade (relating to Rowan and McKee)
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
2 regiment was camped near Stoneman's Switch, VA
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
3 regiment was camped near Stoneman's Switch, VA
William Redheffer (A) ended assignment as provost guard at corps headquarters
John Anorson (C) declared awol, because he didn't return from leave
George Pilkington (G) transferred to VRC (possibly 30th)
Isaac Knight (hq) returned from leave
Thomas Johnson (C) returned to co, probably from having been detached
John Anorson (C) awol (late returning from leave)
Frank Odell reported gained from desertion, in hospital, Philadelphia
Thomas Flood (K) discharged at Gen'l Hosp, Philadelphia PA on surgeon's certificate because of a gunshot wound
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
4 regiment was camped near Stoneman's Switch, VA
The regiment was transferred to United States Ford, and relieved cavalry. They were ordered to leave in the middle of the afternoon, and Walter and others straggled far behind, not arriving until the evening of the 5th.
Thomas Dolan (not assigned to a company) enlisted and was mustered in at Philadelphia PA
[Bates, p.189; Walter v.3 #39 p.2; Welch, p.502]
Francis Gregory (A), John Casner (K) under arrest
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
5 The 91st arrived at United States Ford, and camped in the forest close to the river. [Walter v.3 #39 p.2]
6 Dennis McCarty (E) deserted, at Falmouth Virginia
7 pm. The regiment marched all night, through a heavy rain storm. [Welch, p.502]
William Lowry (E) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Colonel Gregory spoke at the Fourth Baptist Church, Philadelphia PA ('City items' (Philadelphia Press (13 June 1863, page 2))
8 The regiment marched through the night, halting about 4 am for breakfast at Mount Holly Church. They resumed march at 7 am, and marched all day. They halted at Catlett's Station on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. [Welch, p.502]
Robert McFeeters (D) discharged at Philadelphia PA on surgeon's certificate, because of wounds
Augustus Flicker (F) discharged at Philadelphia PA on surgeon's certificate (possibly 18th)
9 regiment was camped near US Ford
Fell back to Mount Holly Church [Bates, p.189]
The regiment marched several miles through extremely rough and muddy roads. [Walter v.3 #39 p.2]
am. They began marching at 2 am, and continued until 3 pm, under a hot sun. Went into camp at Manassas Junction, and did picket duty for three days. [Welch, p.502]
picket duty: co.A [???], 3 privates (B), 1 sgt (E) 2 corp (E) 29 privates (E), 2 corp (F) 3 Pri (F)
sgt James Gordon (A) sick in corps hosp
sgt Penrose Forsythe (A) sick in quarters
Amos Briggs (B) sent to corps hospital
Robert Gray (C) returned to duty [?]
pri Simpson (C) [either William Simpson or Samuel Simpson] detailed [??] [illegible words] at div hq
David Baker (E) sick
Richard Wakefield (I) gained from mia
Enoch Brewster died
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st PA, from Philadelphia, including Thomas Dolan (not assigned to a company)
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
10 regiment was camped near US Ford. did picket duty
The brigade moved north-east. [Walter v.3 #39 p.2]
someone in co.A (possibly James Lewis) reported as transferred to VRC
[Welch, p.502]
the consolidated morning report reports men on picket duty, men on duty at camp, and "pioneers on duty"; unfortunately, the details are mostly illegibly light in my copy
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
11 Did picket duty. camped near United States Ford
[Welch, p.502]
John Barnes (A) and Henry Zane (F) detailed for duty in the ordnance pack train
Morris Kayser was relieved as acting adjutant, and ordered to report to Capt Bowman, co B; he refused
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
12 company commanders were order to be prepared for inspection on the 13th
[order]
Asst Surgeon William Kier reported for duty (letter, Sinex to Marvin, 18 June 1863)
received circular requiring list of all men detached for duty outside the army's limits
William Beaver (A) promoted to 1st corp
John Biedel (A) promoted to 3rd corp
Matthew Hall (E) certified facts about the death of William S Willis (E)
13 Gettysburg campaign began. regiment was camped near US Ford. Sinex wrote a letter naming the enlisted men on detached service away from the Army, and ordered George Marriner (H) detailed as teamster in the brigade qm dept
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604; letter, Sinex to Marvin (13 June 1863); special order 39, 91st PA]
Charles Roberts (G) still at QM office, Washington DC
brigade hq required reconstructing the commissioned officer roster
14 Gettysburg campaign continued [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Charles Lowery (C) deserted while on march, near Hartwood [?] Church
William Conway (H) deserted while on march near Collets Station VA
Lewis Lammey (K) admitted to hospital, Washington DC
15 Gettysburg campaign continued. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Ephraim Banker (I 87 PA) captured, during the Battle of Carter's Woods
George W Bowman (E) treated for chronic rheumatism
David Mundell (88th PA, formerly co. I) deserted from 88th PA
16 Gettysburg campaign continued.
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
[Date a guess.] marched up to the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, and along it past Manassas Junction and near Centreville. Very hot and dusty. Many men left to rest, or look for water. By mid-afternoon, when the regiment halted, only 25 officers and men of about 300 had arrived. By 9 pm nearly everyone had rejoined the regiment [Walter v.3 #39 p.2]
received letter recommending extension of Col Gregory's sick leave, dated 11 June
brigade called for a field return
Edward Wallace forming a new regiment
['A new regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 16 June 1863 page 8]
17 Gettysburg campaign continued.
Joseph Mills (A) died in hospital in Washington DC of wounds received in action
Stephen Godfrey (A), Charles King (A), Jervis Edes (C), and Samuel Hause (A) were sent from Manassas to the Fairfax Seminary Hospital in Alexandria, with sore feet, and had not returned by 8 Sep
Charles Willis (A) missing in action
Simeon Zane (A) promoted to 2nd corp
Maximillus Rook mustered in 33rd PA
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
18 Gettysburg campaign continued. regiment camped near Gum Spring VA; had 3 field officers, 3 staff officers, 19 line officers, and 472 enlisted men. Sinex requested that William G Kier be mustered in, and that several men be discharged to permit them to accept commissions
Sinex, following Brigade HQ orders, ordered company commanders to report whether all stragglers had arrived, and to investigate any questionable cases by a field court martial
Augustus Flicker (F) discharged at Philadelphia PA on surgeon's certificate (probably 8th)
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604; letter, Sinex to Marvin, 18 June 1863; letter, Sinex to Marvin, 18 June 1863]
[order]
19 Gettysburg campaign continued. regiment camped near Gum Spring VA
Sinex reminded the qm that no one could leave camp without a pass from regimental HQ approved by brigade HQ
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
[order]
William Gilliland (F) deserted from West Philadelphia Hospital, Philadelphia PA
20 Gettysburg campaign continued. regiment camped near Aldie VA
[Date very uncertain.] moved toward northwest. halted on a small, bare, hill near Thoroughfare Gap, in the dark and rain. [Walter v.3 #39 p.2]
Sinex ordered officers to reduce the baggage carried by pack horses
John Allen (G) transferred to VRC (probably 30th)
John N Hawks (Navy, formerly co. D) transferred from Arizona to Ohio
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604; order]
21 Gettysburg campaign continued [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
[date very uncertain] regiment had to march 17 hours a day some days to catch up with army.
Frank Conyers (G) discharged on surgeon's certificate (very probably 21 Jan 63)
George Snyder (D) wounded
[Walter v.3 #39 p.2]
22 Gettysburg campaign continued. regiment camped near Aldie. regimental pack horses had been confiscated, and Sinex requested something to carry officers' shelter tents (horses or mules) [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
regiment received order from brigade HQ assigning Isaac Knight as surgeon in chief of brigade and asst surg William Kier as recorder in div hospital in event of engagement
Reuben Peel (F) enlisted in VRC
[letter]
23 Gettysburg campaign continued.
Sinex ordered company cooks to be ready for duty in camp, and to be guards for the teams while on the march, but to be separated from the regiment only if the regimental commander thought the teams were far enough from the regiment to require that
received order from HQ 2nd div 5th corps about arming company cooks
detailed to provost guard, brigade hq (in response to circular received this day): J. W. Thomas [i.e.? Isaac W Thomas (D)]; John Anorsen (C); J. L. Bowen (C); and J. H. Clayton (E)
Nicholas Koshland (A) missing in action
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604; regimental orders]
24 Gettysburg campaign continued. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
pioneers ordered by brigade hq to turn over all arms and accoutrements
George W Davis enlisted in the 37th NJ, at Woodstown NJ
25 Gettysburg campaign continued
John Cooker (I) died of wounds from Chancellorsville (could be 25 May)
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604]

William H Geary enrolled in C 20th PA Cavalry
26 Gettysburg campaign continued.
Theodore Parsons died at Georgetown of wounds suffered on 3 May 1863; body sent to Philadelphia for burial
Lewis Lammy (K) died of wounds received at Chancellorsville
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
27 Gettysburg campaign continued. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Penrose Forsythe (A) missing in action
Francis Young (A) missing in action
28 Gettysburg campaign continued.
Meade was promoted to command Army of the Potomac, and Sykes was promoted to command the Fifth Corps. The 91st (and 5th Corps) was camped near Frederick MD.
5th Corps HQ ordered sgts William Carpenter, Joseph Jones, & Theodore Snyder discharged to enable them to accept commissions
Edward Wallace was accepting volunteers at Commissioners' Hall, Spring Garden and Thirteenth Streets, Philadelphia PA
George W Bowman (E) was being treated for chronic rheumatim
[Ayres' Gettysburg Campaign report (91st's division); Sykes' report (91st's Corps); Dyer, v.3, p.1604; 'Headquarters', Philadelphia Press Wednesday 1 July 1863, page 3 [essentially the same article at 30 June 1863 p.2; and Monday 29 June 1863 page 3])]
Colonel Gregory scheduled to speak at a meeting organized by the YMCA
[see 'God and our country' (Philadelphia Press, 27 June 1863, page 3)]
29 Gettysburg campaign continued.
The regiment (and 5th corps) started a long, rapid, and fatiguing march, going 15 miles from Frederick Maryland to Liberty Maryland.
Alexander Scott (G) deserted from camp near Frederick MD while on the march to Gettysburg
[Ayres' Gettysburg Campaign report (91st's division); Sykes' report (91st's Corps); Sykes' Gettysburg campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
30 Gettysburg campaign continued. The 91st (and 5th corps) left Liberty, and marched 23 miles, to Union Mills, via Johnsville, Union, and Frizellburg. They camped on Big Pipe Creek, along the turnpike from Westminster to Gettysburg.
William Carpenter (C) transferred to VRC
Henry Linkerman (D) deserted at Mayersville VA while on the march to Gettysburg
John Allen (G) transferred to VRC (possibly 20th)
George Pilkington (G) transferred to VRC (possibly 3rd)
George W Bowman (E) was certified disabled, by Surgeon Francis G Smith
[Ayres' campaign report (91st's division); Sykes' battle report (91st's Corps); Sykes' campaign report; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]

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revised 4 Mar 15
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