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October 1863

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Throughout this month, the 91st was in the Third Brigade, Second Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac, and participated in the Bristoe Campaign for much of the month. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

? These men were transferred to the VRC this month:
? after 19th (could be November?): Built road. Marched to Three Mile Station on Warrenton Branch Railroad. To Rappahannock Station: formed line of battle and threw out skirmishers. charge ordered at dusk; captured forts with prisoners and guns. camped in front of captured works. [Welch, p.504]
?Franklin Clough (A) tried by court martial
1 regiment was camped near Culpepper VA
remained in camp beyond Culpeper until 10 October [Welch, p.503]
Joseph Johnston (D) may have begun working as Horace Faust's cook [but see 20 Sep]
promotions in co A:
sgt James Simpson to 3rd Sergt
corp William Beaver to 4th sgt
Joseph Andrews to 5th Sergt
corp Simeon Zane to 1st corp
corp John Biddle to 2nd corp
Jacob Fisher to 3rd corp
William Jeffries to 4th corp
Arthur Blomly to 5th corp
Wm Hoffman to 6th corp
received letter authorizing Meade to fill up batteries from infantry
Edward Muckefuse (A) detailed as cattle guard
Isaac Knight (F&S)'s leave extended for 20 days
picket: 1 sgt, 2 corp, 17 priv (C); William Michael (E); 3 priv (F)
229 guns
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
2 regiment was camped near Culpepper VA
Thomas Crozier (H) attached to Cuyler Hospital (Germantown, Philadelphia, PA)
William Pentland (D) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Col Gregory reported that the regiment had lost one axe in September
Thomas Tully (E) returned from detail at cattle guard
Isaac Knight's (F&S) leave expired
hq army of Potomac issued order granting leave to John Brass
received circular from brigade hq about using up rations in knapsacks
228 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
3 regiment was camped near Culpepper VA
Gregory reported that a detail under the command of lt Michael buried 2 confederate comm off & 62 confederate enlisted men, and a detail under the command of lt Carpenter collected 225 muskets
co A (1 sgt 2 corp 15 priv), F (1 corp, 5 priv) provided picket detail, accompanied by lt Maguigan
Capt F Gregory, Capt Casner, Capt Faust, appointed board of survey to inventory & report condition of public property in possession of Morris Kayser from Capt Bowman
received order granting leave to John Brass
received circular from brigade hq about shelter tents
229 guns
[letter and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
4 regiment was camped near Culpepper VA
received letter about Isaac Knight's (hq) health
James Gordon (A) reported regained from missing in campaign and transferred to VRC
picket: co A, 2 (2 priv), F (1 corp 3 priv), accompanied by lt Maguigan
Matthew Hall (E)'s leave expired
229 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
5 regiment was camped near Culpepper VA
Colonel Gregory read the order about reenlistment, and asked the men to consider reenlisting
received order relieving Daniel Doster of duty in Washington
Matthew Hall (E) received 10-day extension of sick leave
229 guns
John N Hawks (Navy, formerly co. D) admitted to Chelsea Hospital with phthisis
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
['Col E M Gregory' (Alexandria Gazette 12 October 1863 page 3)]
6 regiment was camped near Culpepper VA
company commanders were ordered to report the number of men willing to reenlist who had less than 1 year to serve, and the number who have more than one year but had served 9 months
cos B (1 sgt 9 priv), D (1 corp, 11 priv), and K (2 corp) supplied a picket detail
Johnson Agnew (A) regained from mia
Patrick McCrisslin (A) returned from hospital
Edward Gamble (B) on furlough
William Beale [?] (C), Albert Morgan (C), and John Worl (C) gained from mia
Brown (C) [either Andrew Brown or Conrad Brown] regained from desertion
Joseph Everhart (C) and Jervis Edes (C) returned from hospital
James Dougherty (D) returned from hospital
Louis Brophy (E) and Thomas Riley (E) returned from hospital
James Smith (F) gained from mia
John Evans (G) returned from hospital
William Fraly (H), John Somers (H), and Andrew Steinetz (H) returned from hospital
231 guns
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
7 regiment was camped near Culpepper VA
Col Gregory reported that the regiment wanted to reenlist as veterans; 200 of the 250 enlisted men, and all 17 commissioned officers, intended to reenlist
received circular from 5th corps hq about review in 5th corps
picket: co B, D (1 corp 11 [?] priv), K (2 corp), Eli Sellers (G), Joseph Jones (H)
231 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
8 regiment was camped near Culpepper VA
Alexander Keely (B) reported returned from desertion
John Kerr returned from hospital
William B Stackhouse (C) returned from desertion
John N Hawks alias James Clark (D) discharged on surgeon's certificate, for inguinal hernia
received letter about Matthew Hall's (E) health
231 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
9 regiment was camped near Culpepper VA
Bristoe Campaign started [Walter; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
William Kintzel (A) reported regained from mia
Eugene Chemin (A) reported regained from mia
Joseph Gilbert (C) on 10 days Furlough
Stephen Kelly (E) reported regained from mia
Charles Burkett (H) and James Hood (H) reported regained from mia
Rodsted (I) [presumably Henry Rodsheadt] gained from mia
232 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
10 Bristoe Campaign continued.
Marched from Culpeper to Raccoon Ford on the Rapidan. [Welch, p.503; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
11 Bristoe Campaign continued.
engagement [?] at Brandy Station [letter listing battles, Sellers to Bennett, 24 September 1864]
Marched back to Culpeper, and stayed in their old camp for one night. [Walter; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Welch, p.503]
12 Bristoe Campaign continued.
Marched to Brandy [Bealton??] Station, and halted there a few hours. Then marched to Rappahannock Station, crossed the river, and moved up to Beverly Ford. [Walter; Welch, pp.503-504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
William Fuller, draftee, mustered in co C
an article published in the Philadelphia Press urging Pennsylvanians to re-elect Governor Curtin was signed by Matthew Hall, John Lentz, and Samuel Burns (all on duty at Camp Cadwalader)
['An urgent appeal from the soldiers', Philadelphia Press, 12 October 1863, page 2]
13 Bristoe Campaign continued.
Re-crossed the river, and advanced in line of battle to near Brandy Station. [Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Martin Dowd, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
14 Bristoe Campaign continued.
At 2 am, the regiment fell back, and recrossed river to Beverly Ford. A few hours later, they were deployed as flankers and reached Manassas Plains. About dusk, the Confederates attacked the 2nd Corps at Bristoe Station; the regiment went to their assistance at the double-quick. After the attack was repulsed, they resumed the march. (According to Walter, it was repulsed before they arrived.) About 10 or 11 pm, they were marching again, and reached high ground near Centreville about 2 am, wet and hungry. [Walter Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Solomon Siglin mustered in co F
15 Bristoe Campaign continued.
Reached Centreville in the morning. Rested a few hours, and then marched by Fairfax Road to near Fairfax Court House. [Walter; Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Frederick Links, substitute, mustered in 118th PA
Robert Loveless, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
16 Bristoe Campaign continued.
In the afternoon, they marched back about five miles, and bivouacked for the night. [Walter; Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
James Jamison [perhaps David Jamison?] ceased being Col Gregory's hostler
John J Russell (E) transferred to VRC
17 Bristoe Campaign continued.
They reached Centreville [Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Henry Shaeffer (A) became Col Gregory's hostler
18 Bristoe Campaign continued.
To Fairfax Court House. [Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
19 Bristoe Campaign continued.
To the old Bull Run battlefield. [Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
20 Bristoe Campaign continued.
1 am. Marched to Haymarket and thence to New Baltimore. [Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
21 Bristoe Campaign continued. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
22 Bristoe Campaign concluded. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
23 Isaac Knight (F&S) returned from leave
Benjamin Tayman (F&S) received 20-day extension of sick leave
Edward Gamble (B) became Morris Kayser's cook
Joseph Gilbert (C) had returned from furlough
George Stroup (F) reported regained from mia
Jamison (H) [John Jamison or David Jamison] had returned to company
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
24 picket: 1 sgt, 2 corp, 10 pri (A); 9 pri (B); 1 corp, 12 priv (D); 6 priv (F)
223 guns (?)
[for more information, perhaps see consolidated morning report (uncertain date)]
25
26 William Chandler (D) promoted to sgt
George McMullin (D) promoted to sgt (perhaps 8 Oct 1861!?)
27 Amos Mooney (D) promoted to 5th sgt, replacing William Carpenter
2nd div hq issued order about court martial of Franklin Clough
John McGinnis (C) awol
Thomas Riley (E) detailed as cattle guard
David Baker (E) and corp. Burns [?] [sc. Samuel Burns] (E) returned to duty from R. S. [=recruiting service?]
229 guns
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
28 picket: co C (1 corp, 23 priv); co E (1 lt, 1 sgt 2 corp 17 priv), co H (5 priv)
229 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
29 Edgar Gregory (F&S) detailed as general officer of picket
Joseph Sinex commanding regiment
wagon guard: co.D: 1 sgt, 1 corp, 5 pri; co.G: 9 pri; co.K: 1 corp, 4 pri
Martin Blake (E) gained from mia, absent with leave
Matthew McIlvaney [?] (K) gained from desertion
231 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
30 George Ott (C) transfered to VRC
John Trimble discharged from 12th NJ (perhaps 31st)
John R Lynch (B) discharged on surgeon's certificate of disability, at Newton University Hospital, Baltimore MD
31 John Trimble discharged from 12th NJ (perhaps 30th)

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revised 4 May 14
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