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November 1863

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Throughout this month, the 91st was in the Third Brigade, Second Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac, advancing to the line of the Rapahhannock, and beginning the Mine Run campaign. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

?William Findlay (VRC) deserted
1 Col Gregory reported that the regiment had a total strength of 436, with 260 present
Joseph Sinex commanding regiment
Charles King (A) returned to company from hospital
Edward Shinkl (C) and John Donnelly (C) reported mia (both had died 13 July, Richmond VA)
James Rae (E) reported gained from mia (had died on 4 July)
John Perkins (G) gained from mia
Samuel Dougherty (I) gained from mia
Matthew Hall (E) certified that William Bryson served in company E and died in the line of duty (supporting Bryson's mother's pension application); the regiment was then in camp near Warrenton Junction, Virginia
230 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
2 Edgar Gregory commanding regiment
Henry Mason (A) discharged for disability (possibly 21st)
Salathiel Cox (C) returned to company
230 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
3 Noah Mallon (H) transferred to VRC (perhaps 13th)
Henry Gorgas (A) gained from mia and under arrest
William Adams (D) and Steward (D) (probably Robert R Stewart; possibly George Stewart) gained from desertion and under arrest
229 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
4 James Closson (G) assigned to special duty
picket: co.A (1 sgt, 3 corp, 21 Priv.), co.D (1 corp, 11 pri), co.F (2 corp, 9 pri), co.H (1 sgt, 5 pri)
Joseph Everhardt (C) sent to general hospital
W. [?] Hoover [??] [uncertain ID] (C) detailed as stretcher bearer in ambulance corps
David Lenz (E) sent to general hospital
Charles Eckardt (C) discharged at Washington DC by general order 491, Secretary of War
John N Hawks alias James Clark (D) enlisted in the Navy as a second-class fireman, serving initially on the Princeton
private [illegible; looks like 'Lep--'] (H) detailed in ambulance corps
231 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
5 Franklin Clough (A) released from arrest and returned to duty by sentence of court martial
231 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
6 Joseph Rementer (E) began working as Matthew Hall's cook
John Hillsee [?] (F) returned to duty from ambulance corps
Henry Cooper [?] (I) gained from desertion
231 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
7 Advance to line of the Rapahannock. Rapahannock Station. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604; possibly Walter]
8 Advance to line of the Rapahannock.
Marched to Kelly's Ford, and crossed the river a few hours later. [Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
9
10 To Mountain Run. Built quarters, which they occupied until the 24th. [Welch, p.504]
230 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
11 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run. [Welch, p.504]
230 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
12 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run [Welch, p.504]
William Lane, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Daniel Stahdler, draftee, mustered in 118th PA
Amos Truman (G) discharged on surgeon's certificate at Philadelphia PA
9 privates (G) on picket
230 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
13 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run.
Joseph Detterline (H) transferred to VRC
company commanders had to report whether each man had 40 rounds of cartridges
the monthly inspection began at 11, if weather permitted
[Welch, p.504]
Franklin Pears (F&S) transferred to invalid corps
Noah Mallon (H) transferred to VRC (perhaps 3rd)
230 guns
John N Hawks (Navy, formerly co. D) discharged from Navy, at Charleston Navy Yard, for phthisis (not originating in service)
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
14 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run.
cos A (7 noncoms, 21 priv), B (4 priv), C (4 priv), D (12 priv), E (4 priv), F (10 priv), G (3 priv), H (2 noncoms, 8 priv), I (1 noncom, 5 priv), and K (4 priv), provided picket detail, accompanied by capt Sellers, lt Kayser, and lt Jones
[Welch, p.504]
Peter Van Buren (F) died in Washington DC, of chronic diarrhea
Col Gregory (a) reported that no change had occurred in commissioned officers, (b) reported that Marcus Ullman had served faithfully, (c) listed absent officers, and (d) listed enlisted men serving as cooks, etc.
Charles Smith mustered in 118th PA
Benjamin Tayman (F&S) returned from sick leave
230 guns
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
15 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run.
lt Shipley relieved as acting adjutant; Benjamin Tayman adjutant
John Stott (G) transferred to vrc
picket: Morris Kayser (B), Eli Sellers (G), Joseph Jones (H), 7 noncoms and 21 privates (A), 4 privates (B), 4 privates (C), 12 privates (D), 4 privates (E), 10 privates (F), 3 privates (G), 2 noncoms 8 privates (H), 1 noncoms 5 privates (I), 4 privates (K)
230 guns
[Welch, p.504]
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
16 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run [Welch, p.504] or near Kelly's Ford
Benjamin Tayman requested a receipt for ordinance stores that had been shipped to Washington DC
Gregory requested company commanders to list all clothing lost or deposited at Meridian Hill, Washington, on or about 12 September 1862
Gregory reported that no one wanted to join the artillery [letter]
John Wood (H) deserted
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
17 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run (or near Kelly's Ford)
[Welch, p.504]
Francis Toner (E) relieved from duty as teamster by Brigade HQ, ordered to report to his company for duty
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
18 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run. [Welch, p.504]
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
19 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run. [Welch, p.504]
Gregory reported about the two men against whom charges had been preferred: Burkett had been held by the provost marshall guard since his arrest [either Charles or Elias Burkett], and Hood [presumably James Hood, co H] had been held by the provost guard until the physician ordered him returned to the regiment because of illness
a board of inspection reported that the deficiency in rations was unavoidable
Col Gregory ordered company commanders to inspect the condition and quantity of rations their commands had
William Gilliland (F) returned from desertion
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
20 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run. [Welch, p.504]
Col. Edgar M Gregory was in command of regiment.
co. C (1 sgt 1 corp 25 priv), E (1 sgt 3 corp 18 priv), and one other (7 priv) provided a detail for picket duty, accompanied by Capt Hall and Lt Donnell
William Roberts (H) discharged at US Genl Hosp, Philadelphia PA, on surgeon's certificate
John Wood (H) in arrest
Joseph Green (E) reported gained from mia
William Gilliland (F) reported gained from desertion in hospital
John Wood (H) returned from desertion
[organization table]
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
21 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run. [Welch, p.504]
Gregory explained why a substitute was accepted without authority for William Pritchett
Sykes reviewed the 5th corps troops
James Delavan discharged because of physical disability
Henry Mason (A) discharged for disability (possibly 2nd)
Charles Lowry (C) reported gained from desertion
[letter and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
22 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run. [Welch, p.504]
Edward J Maguigan commissioned (but never mustered in as) capt
ration to be carried by troops on active campaigns reduced to 2 days from 5 days hard bread, coffee, sugar, salt
John Stewart (C) commissioned (but never mustered in as) 1st lt
Henry Mathers (E) wrote a letter to his mother, from camp near Bealton Station, reporting among other things that he had heard that David Lentz was ill
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
23 Continued occupying quarters at Mountain Run [Welch, p.504]
George Gay enlisted and mustered in the 118th PA
James Delavan, discharge order, reached 2nd div hq
Alexander McDougall (C) discharged on surgeon's certificate at Washington DC
David Wolf (H) discharged at camp near Kelly's Ford VA, on surgeon's certificate
William Sourmillen (118th PA) returned from desertion, and started 2 year imprisonment in penitentiary for desertion
Elizabeth Haines, wife of John S Haines (E, but discharged) died
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
24 ??Left quarters at Mountain Run. [Welch, p.504]
John D Lentz was detailed in Philadelphia to conduct drafted men to the regiment
John D Lentz certified facts about the death of William S Willis (E)
John Hillsee (F) discharged at camp near Paoli Mills VA on surgeon's certificate
25 Oscar Prinztler (62nd PA) detailed as nurse by General Bartlett
Justus Gregory (B) returned to duty from ambulance corps
Alvin Clark reenlisted in 27th Mass
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
26 Mine Run Campaign.
The Fifth Corps was ordered to march to Parker's Store and to seize the point where the road from Robertson's Tavern and the plank road crossed, if possible. They marched for 6 or 7 hours to Culpepper Ford on the Rapidan. (Walter calls it 'Gold Mine Ford', but I assume he's talking about Culpepper Ford.) The whole corps had crossed by noon, and marched to the top of a hill on the other side, but then had to wait until 3 pm, while the 2nd and 3rd Corps forded the Rapidan at Germanna and Jacobs' Mills. About 3 pm the corps began marching, and bivouacked after marching a few miles further, at the Wilderness farm, near the intersection of the Germanna and Orange and Fredericksburg plank roads. [Walter; Sykes' report; Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
27 Mine Run Campaign continued.
They arrived at Parker's Store at 9 am. The cavalry drove the Confederates back until about 3 pm. The infantry deployed in advance of Hope Church then, and the Confederates became quiet. The corps was ordered not to advance beyond the intersection of the road from Raccoon Ford and the Orange and Fredericksburg plank road. [Walter; Sykes' report; Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
28 Mine Run Campaign continued.
They moved to Robertson's Tavern early, and bivouacked there. Some members of company A put on a burlesque of German opera. [Walter; Sykes' report; Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
29 Mine Run Campaign continued.
4 am. relieved 2nd corps. positioned across the turnpike, in front of Mine Run. [Walter; Sykes' report; Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
30 Mine Run Campaign continued.
4 am. massed on the left of the Confederate position. They were to attack (with the 6th corps) at 9 am. The Confederates had a strong line of breastworks, with trees slashed in front of it, and the soldiers did not believe they had a chance of taking it. In his report, Sykes (the corps commander) agrees that the probability of success was very low. At 8 am, artillery began firing. Just before 9 am, headquarters ordered them not to attack. According to Walter, they were moved back in mid-afternoon. They were ordered forward, but were halted about half-way to Confederate artillery, and then fell back. Although pickets were posted, they were withdrawn after dark, and the regiment returned to its bivouac across the turnpike. The weather was exceptionally cold; some men in the Pennsylvania Reserves were reported to have frozen to death from exposure to the cold. [Walter; Sykes' report; Welch, p.504; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]

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revised 1 Jan 15
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