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April 1864

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The 91st began this month in the Fourth Brigade, First Division, Fifth Army Corps. It was then transferred to the First Brigade, First Division, Fifth Army Corps. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

?John Boyer (K) tried by court martial
?James Stewart (F) tried by court martial
1 regiment was at Warrenton Junction, Virginia
Franklin Collison mustered in co C
Joseph Everhart promoted to sgt
12 (or perhaps 13) veterans rejoined the regiment, and 1 had been discharged by the Sec't of War (total 162)
86 enlisted men were awol
promotions in co.C effective this date: corp Archibald Nimmo to sgt, corp Joseph Everhart to sgt, pvt John McGinnes to corp vice Nimmo, pvt Benjamin Vandever to corp Everhart, and pvt William McNally to corp
William Corke (K) discharged on surgeon's certificate
[letter and order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
2 regiment was at Warrenton Junction, VA
George Bolon (D) died of disease, near Warrenton Junction, VA
Charles Young (E) reported gained by enlistment
James Stewart (F) gained from desertion (probably 29 Mar 64)
Sinex transmitted Gregory's explanation of the authority by which he detailed men on 1 and 2 Mar
William Michael, act reg't qm, was ordered to requisition necessary ordnance and ordnance stores, and deliver them as quickly as possible, issuing it to the senior sgt of any co. not commanded by a commissioned officer [possibly 2 March]
William Michael, act reg't qm, was ordered to deliver clothing, camp and garrison equippage, to the senior sgt of co.A, E, and D, since they weren't commanded by commissioned offficers [possibly 2 March]
[regiment received notice that] William Michiner (D) was discharged by special order at Philadelphia PA (on 25 Mar 64)
72 enlisted men were awol
[letter and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
3 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Daniel Logue mustered in co C
Edwin Burr (B) detailed as clerk for reg't qm
72 enlisted men were awol
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
4 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
regimental strength: present: com off 13, enl men 351 (total 364); absent: com off 10, enl men 206 (total 216). of those present, 13 com off and 314 enl men (total 327) were present for duty
72 enlisted men were awol
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
5 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Sinex reported that 163 veterans had rejoined the regiment, 2 had died on furlough, 1 had been discharged, and 72 were still absent
6 veterans rejoined the regiment (total 169)
Franklin Miller (F&S) detached as clerk in AGO's office Washington DC
William H Cross (A) enlisted by J A Gregory and mustered in, at Philadelphia
George Leaf (I) transferred to VRC
Thomas Weygood (K) discharged on surgeon's certificate
72 enlisted men were awol
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st regiment Pennsylvania infantry, Philadephia PA, including William H Cross
[letters]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
6 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Lewis Happy (H) discharged at Warrenton Junction VA on surgeon's certificate by order of Genl Warren
Charles Wieland (K) discharged at USA Hosp., Philadelphia PA on surgeon's certificate
72 enlisted men were awol
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
7 regiment was at Warrenton Junction, VA
William Warford mustered in co A
Joseph Stephens mustered in co D
Frank Mackey enlisted in co B at Philadelphia PA by J A Gregory
Governor Curtin signed a commission for Theodore Hope (E), which he received on 9 June
Robert Fletcher (I) promoted to corp [possibly 7 March 1864]
John Donnell (I) certified that James Kiernan had served in company I and been discharged for disability (certified at Warrenton Junction VA)
59 enlisted men were awol
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, including: Frank Mackey (B)
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
8 regiment was at Warrenton Junction, VA
Daniel O'Connell (F) deserted
Sinex reported that 109 veterans had returned with the regiment, 60 had returned since, and 66 were still absent
1 veteran rejoined the regiment
57 enlisted men were awol
[letters]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
9 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
schedule revised: companies had to drill the bayonet exercise from 6.30-7.30 am
57 enlisted men were awol
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
10 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Sinex reported that 170 veterans had returned to the regiment; only 45 were absent--the others who had been reported absent were actually on detached service
company commanders were to make requisitions to ensure every man entitled to bear arms (including pioneers) had ordnance
Henry Buckley (I) reported deserted
David Baird (E) on leave
56 enlisted men were awol
[letter and order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
11 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Sinex gave a company-by-company summary of the number of enlisted men who (a) had reenlisted (246), (b) would be discharged during the present year because their term expired (79), (c) were present (384), and (d) were absent (172), and the number of officers who (a) had indicated they would serve another term of three years (0), (b) would be discharged during this year because their term expired (23), (c) were present (13), and (d) were absent (10).
56 enlisted men were awol
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
12 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
173 veterans had rejoined the regiment, and 42 had overstayed their furlough, 5 of whom were reported sick in hospital
56 enlisted men were awol
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
13 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA 175 veterans had rejoined the regiment, and 40 had overstayed their furlough, 5 of whom were reported sick in hospital
Justus Gregory was relieved from the recruiting service
Isaac D Knight certified (from Warrenton Junction VA) facts about the death of William S Willis (E)
lt Henry Francis (F) mustered as capt
lt James Closson (G) mustered as capt
company commanders were to drill their men in the skirmish drill every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday
54 enlisted men were awol
[letter and order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
14 William Kells mustered in co B
present for duty: 12 officers and 339 enlisted men (total 351); absent: 10 officers, 193 enlisted men (203 total)
179 veterans had returned; 36 were still absent, 5 reported sick in hospital [note: this number is one short of the number reported on 13 April; I can not explain the discrepancy]
48 enlisted men were awol
21 enlisted men were reported on detached service within the army
[letters]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
15 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Alem Brittain (F&S) joined reg't
in the week ending the 15th, the 91st gained 1 commissioned officer (to promotion or appointment), and 15 enlisted men (4 recruits, 9 returned from being AWOL, and 2 returned from confinement) and lost 1 enlisted man (discharged for disability)
present: 14 officers, 394 enlisted men (408 total)
total strength 24 officers, 556 enlisted men (580 total)
present last week: 3 [sic; presumably 13] officers, 381 enlisted men (394 total)
total strength last week: 23 officers, 554 enlisted men (577 total)
Sinex recommended a detail of Elisha Butt, sgt (I), Israel Lazerus (D), Joseph Amer (D), William Dorsey (E), Stephen Kelly (E), Robert Ellingsworth (E), John W. Bender (G), William Collins (G), Edward Gillespie (H), and Thomas Wallace (B).
Samuel Edwards (B) reported awol
one man gained by enlistment in co.C
James Thompson (H) returned from awol
Jacob Weinert (I) returned from awol
Henry Dunn (I) detailed as officer's cook
187 veterans had rejoined the regiment; 34 had overstayed their furlough
the regimental pioneer corps consisted of the following 7 men, and any excess pioneers were to be returned to their companies: corp Robert Fletcher (I), and pvts Robert Gray (A), Samuel Edwards (B), John McCoy (D), George B. Tomlin (E), Peter McCollough (F), Patrick Costello (I)
effective date of discharge of Isaac Knight (F&S) so that he could accept appointment as assistant surgeon of volunteers
48 enlisted men were awol
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
16 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
William Harris (I) began serving as lt Donnell's servant
officers permitted to have only 2 blankets, a small valise, and a reasonable-sized mess kit; all excess baggage to be sent to the rear on Monday
returned from awol: Samuel Edwards (B), John Pomeroy [?] (C)
returned from detached service: Charles Coates (C), William Scheifer (C), George Stewart (C), John Wharton (C), William Care [?] (D), Thomas Christy (D), Cyrus Cartlege [?] (E), John Griffith (E), Joseph Jones (H), and Stephen Whinna (H)
45 enlisted men were awol
effective date of appointment of Isaac Knight (F&S) as Assistant Surgeon of Volunteers
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
17 regiment was at Warrenton Junction, VA
returned from detached service: major John Lentz (F&S)
surg Isaac Knight transfered as Asst Surg of Vols
Marcus Ulman (A) returned from awol
Samuel Edwards (B) on furlough
44 enlisted men were awol
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
18 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
George Stewart (C) and John Griffin (E) detailed as mounted messengers, corps hq
co. C reported one man gained by enlistment
David Baird (E) declared awol
45 enlisted men were awol
Andrew Brown wrote a letter, among other things noting that the sutlers and extra baggage had been sent to the rear, presumably getting ready for the forthcoming campaign
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
19 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Surgeon Rex [?] released Francis Gregory from the hospital at Chester, PA
descriptive list for Thomas Conroy sent (where?)
David Baird (E) returned from leave
Thomas Carrick (F) on 10-day furlough
44 enlisted men were awol
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
20 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
192 veterans had returned, and 29 had still overstayed their furlough, 6 of whom were reported absent sick
Col Gregory assigned Francis Gregory in charge of a detachment of recruits, which left for the army of the Potomac on the 20th
45 enlisted men were awol
reported awol: Charles King (A), James McLoon (A)
capt Matthew Hall (E) returned from detached service
Absalom Schell (F) reported gained as recruit from depot
Riemick [?] (F) reported absent sick [probably William Rinick, co. E]
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of US volunteers forwarded for the 91st regiment Pennsylvania infantry, Chester Hospital, including William H Cross (A) (name crossed out by a red line)
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
21 Frank Toner (E) detailed as teamster [special order 37, HQ 91st]
192 veterans had returned, and 28 had still overstayed their furlough, 6 of whom were reported absent sick [letter, 20 Apr] [note the difference from the numbers reported on the 20th; I can't explain the discrepancy]
44 enlisted men were awol
Isaac Knight (F&S) discharged by special order
William Kier mustered as surgeon [possibly 26th]
William Jeffrey (A), probably Charles Hebding (A), and Charles Smith (B) reported returned from arrest
Henry Gorgas and Pomning [? perhaps Penning; the 'P' may be 'B' or even 'D'; I haven't identified him] returned from awol
James McDermot (A), Edward Sikes (B), Donald Knox (B), Andrew Hill (B), and Edward Agnew (D) reported gained
Franklin Collison (C) reported awol
2 reported gained by enlistment in co.E
two men in co. F reported transfered to VRC
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
22 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Charles King (A) and James McLoon (A) returned from awol
John Null (E) returned from detached service
Martin Blake reported transfered (he was transfered to the VRC in October 1863)
Frank Braceland (E) was returned to duty without being court martialed for desertion
in the week ending 22 April, the regiment gained 9 enlisted recruits, 3 officers and 10 enlisted men returned from detached service, 1 enlisted man returned from leave, 5 enlisted men returned from being awol, for a total increase in those present of 3 officers and 28 enlisted men
in the same week, 1 officer and 3 enlisted men died of wounds received in action
16 officers and 418 enlisted men were present; the total strength was 23 officers and 562 enlisted men
42 enlisted men were awol
198 veterans had rejoined the regiment, and 28 had overstayed their furlough, 6 of whom were absent sick
[orders and letters]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
23 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Samuel Edwards (B) awol
Franklin Collison (C) returned from awol
two gained in co.D by enlistment
4 veterans returned in co.E from detached service
one [presumably veteran] returned from awol; 41 enlisted men were still awol
William Cooper (K) returned to reg't from absent sick, but was in poor enough shape to be under the surgeon's care
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
24 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
co.B reported 2 men gained by enlistment
co.D reported 1 man gained by enlistment
John Scott (E) detailed as mounted pioneer
Sinex recommended Robert Chism (co K) for a detail to accompany surplus baggage to Alexandria VA
41 enlisted men were awol
Joseph Burrough enlisted in 1st [illegible]
[orders and letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
25 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
John Boyer (K) reduced to ranks by order of general court martial
Robert Ross (I) had been serving as Sinex's hostler since 6 Mar 64; William Harris (I) had been serving as lt Donnell's servant since 16 Apr 64
41 enlisted men were awol
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
26 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
asst surg William G Kier was promoted to surgeon [possibly 21st]
John Baird (B), Ashman Deballed (B), William Johnson (B), John Marshall (B), William McGeevy (B) gained by enlistment, and absent without leave
Thomas Johnson (C) and Joseph Amer (D) detailed for duty in ambulance corps
two gained in co.F by enlistment
Sinex reported that George Kite (G) couldn't report for a detail in the ambulance corps, because he was absent sick in Germantown Hosp, without proper authorization (since 30 Mar 64)
48 enlisted men were awol
[letter and order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
27 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
neither F. Klim, the 91st's former sutler, nor Robertson, the present sutler, had been assessed
Sinex requested many men be returned for duty [see the letter for a list]
company commanders were to submit the number of men present, and the number of men likely to rejoin the reg't soon, who would be discharged this year
Henry Bozher (I) deserted at Philadelphia PA (perhaps 25 Feb)
Henry Hall (I) deserted at Philadelphia PA
co.A: two gained by enlistment
co.C: Thomas Johnson (B) detached in ambulance corps
co.D: Montgomery Burr (C) and William McGlency (C) on ten days furlough
co.G: two gained by enlistment
co.H: two gained by enlistment
co.K: Wilfred Bywater (K) [?] on furlough for ten days
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
28 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Sinex reported that 12 officers and 47 enlisted men who were present would be discharged this year, as would 6 officers and 10 enlisted men who were absent but likely to join the regiment soon
59 enlisted men were awol
199 veterans had returned; 27 were still absent, 6 of whom were reported sick
during the previous week, the regiment added 25 recruits, 1 reenlistment, 3 returning from detached service, 1 from absence sick, 2 from awol (total 32)
during the previous week, the regiment lost 3 deserted
John Rusk (D) promoted to corp (perhaps 1 Mar 64)
James McKinney (D) promoted to corp (perhaps 1 Mar 64)
sgt Daniel O'Connell (F) from Philadelphia, priv George Keller (F) dropped as deserters
five reported gained by enlistment in co.G
John Walsh (F) deserted from Philadelphia PA
John Welsh (F) deserted
George Oldmixon appointed ass't surg (but not mustered in)
Andrew Brown (C) wrote a letter to his father and sister
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
29 regiment was at Warrenton Junction VA
Francis Gregory (A) arrived at Alexandria VA with 40 recruits
George McCleary (B) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Justus Gregory (B) returned from detached service
Franklin Collison (C) deserted
William Chandler (D), Wilbur Wampole (D) returned from detached service
John Brander (E) returned from absent sick
George Keller (F) gained from desertion
George Carrick (F) returned from absent sick
William Stackhouse (K) returned from detached service
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
30 Broke camp. (Received orders during battalion drill.) Marched to Rappahannock, crossed at Rappahannock Station. Marched to Brandy Station. [Welch, p.504; Walter]
Lt. Col. Joseph H Sinex was in command of the regiment (organization table).
Augustus Eckhardt (C) declared a deserter--but he had been discharged on 20 Feb 63
Henry Mathers (90th PA, formerly E 91st PA) wrote a letter to his mother, from camp near Mitchell's Station, which expressed confidence in the coming campaign, noted they had moved from log houses to shelter tents, talked about family and friends, and included $20

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revised 6 Jun 15
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions