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July 1864

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The 91st began this month in the Second Brigade, Second Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac. It was then transferred to the Second Brigade, First Division, Fifth Army Corps. It participated in the siege of Petersburg, and was in the reserve for the mine explosion. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

? Bernard Vanhorn (K) discharged on surgeon's certificate
George Mettinger (B) may have been discharged on expiration of term (probably not)
?John J Knecht (A) tried by court martial
1 regiment remained. [Lentz's report, p.461]
Theodore A Hope discharged to allow him to accept commission
John Carroll (B) dropped from rolls as deserter
William McGevy (B) dropped from rolls as deserter
William Sutton (B) dropped from rolls as deserter
James Sutton (B) dropped from rolls as deserter
John Thompson (B) dropped from rolls as deserter
2 regiment remained. [Lentz's report, p.461]
Theodore A Hope mustered in as 1st lt, co E, replacing David B Baker
John Shaeffer (62nd PA) detailed by Col Switzer in Brig QM Dept
Charles Garber (62nd PA) discharged on expiration of term (apparently before being transferred to the 91st)
William H Andrews was in Philadelphia on furlough; he testified supporting the pension application of George Borlan's widow
William Cloud (K) wrote a letter to David Johnson, describing the death of his son William H Johnson (K)
Leroy Abbott (62nd PA) transferred to 155th PA (presumably because the regiment was mustered out but he was still in hospital)
3 regiment was camped on Cheese's Farm near Petersburg VA
regiment remained in its position. received 45 veterans and recruits from 62nd PA, whose term of service had expired
[Bates, p.192; Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
John Mootheart (B), William McVeigh (B), and Private Wilson (probably Samuel Wilson) (B/D) dropped as deserter, but actually discharged before that
Theodore A Hope, co E, discharged to accept commission
sgt William Fraley, and pvts John Somers John R. McClintock, Paul G Hill, and Andrew Steinmetz (H) asked Captain Closson (H) to be transferred to a newly forming battallion of sharpshooters [none were transferred]
William Stackhouse (D) died at Chester Hosp, PA, of wounds rcvd in action
Eli Sellers was commanding
regiment had 236 guns
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
4 regiment remained in camp near Petersburg VA
[Lentz's report, p.461]
James Closson passed the request made on the 3rd to Benjamin Tayman
Sellers requested that John Hamill be discharged to accept commission
co D had 27 enlisted men present for duty, 74 total present and absent, and 1 commissioned officer (James Diehl)
the regiment had a total of 509 men and 23 officers
William Michaels (F) reported about Oscar Foust and his desertion; Sellers passed it on to Breck
detailed for duty in provost guard at brig. hq: Alexander Earnest (E) William Beal (C), Alexander Earnest (E), William Vance (K), George Dawson (L 62nd PA), Samuel Tipton (M 62nd PA)
detailed in pioneer corps at brig hq: Samuel Edwards (B), John Toland (B) [perhaps Anthony Toland; John Toland (co. K) was discharged in 1862], Peter McCullough (F), Patrick Costello (I)
Peter Abbott (transferred from 62nd PA) was entitled to discharge, but was awol
detailed for duty in brigade hq: John Beidel (A), John Vanderslice (A), George McNeille (A), Wm W. Widdifield (D), Jacob S. Smith (I)
Josiah Feathers (G) deserted
regiment had 235 guns
[orders and letters]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
5 regiment remained in camp near Petersburg VA [Lentz's report, p.461]
James Closson (H) assigned to command co.C also
Matthew Hall (E), John Casner (K), William Michael (F) appointed board of survey to determine government property in co.C
right leg of William Wolf (H) amputated at Alexandria VA
William Lachlin alias James Howard (I) caught having re-enlisted in the 119th Pennsylvania without having been discharged from the 91st
Eli Sellers was commanding
regiment had 229 guns
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
6 regiment was camped near Petersburg VA
Began work on Fort Prescott
[Welch, p.506]
Lentz reported that 1 man transferred to the VRC in May, and 3 recruits were received in May
regiment had 228 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
7 Continued work on Fort Prescott. regiment remained in camp near Petersburg VA. sent details for working parties. [Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
Joseph Burrough enlisted in 1st [illegible?]
John Coster (A) on daily duty
Joseph Jones' (H) sick leave extended 20 days
Robert Gorby [?] (K) sick in quarters
regiment had 226 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
8 Continued work on Fort Prescott.
regiment remained at camp near Petersburg VA
Patrick Donnelly (H) deserted on the march near Frederick MD (perhaps 7 Jul 63)
present: 17 commissioned officers, 258 men; duty: 15 officers, 240 men; 2 officers & 15 men sick [sic]
3 officers in co.K
1 company inspection and 1 regimental inspection; daily drills and inspections had been "dispensed with" because of police and fatigue duty
required: 1 gun, 2 sets of equipment, 752 rounds of ammunition
regiment had 225 guns
John Coster (A) asst cook
Charles Hamilton (B) probably transferred to VRC
John Boyer (K) capt cook
[Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
9 Continued work on Fort Prescott.
regiment in camp near Petersburg VA
John Coster (A) servant to Francis Gregory
regiment received notices of discharge for the following: William Cook (K) [perhaps William Cook co.A], George N McCleary (B) Joel Weeks (B) Morris Sweeney (G)
Isaac Thomas (F)'s sick leave was extended for two months
[Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
Ephraim Banker (I 87 PA) wounded, Battle of Monocacy
regiment had 226 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
10 Continued work on Fort Prescott. [Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA
William Wolf (H) died at Alexandria VA of wounds received at Petersburg 18 June 1864
Eli Sellers (G) assigned to command co.D also
Matthew Hall (E), James Clossen (H), and John Donnell (I) appointed board of survey to determine government property in co.D
John Lentz in command
Martin Murray transferred from 62nd PA (perhaps 20th?)
regiment had 225 guns
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
11 Continued work on Fort Prescott
Joseph Sinex ordered discharged because of physical disability
[Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
regiment had 226 guns
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
12 Continued work on Fort Prescott. [Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
regiment was in camp near Falmouth [sic] VA
Howard Shipley commissioned (but not mustered in) as capt
Adam Murphy returned from absent wounded
Elisha Stoughton (62nd PA) returned to duty from being awol
regiment had 225 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
13 Continued work on Fort Prescott [Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA
John Barnes (A) returned from ammunition train
Frank Ford (D) returned from Signal Corps
regiment had 225 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
14 Continued work on Fort Prescott [Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA
Louis Selser mustered in co A
commission for John Stewart (C) issued (apparently retroactive to 22 Nov 63)
descriptive list of Jervis Edes (C) sent (where?)
John Garrity (E) deserted, apparently from McClellan Hosp., Philadelphia
regiment had 224 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
15 Continued work on Fort Prescott. [Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA
Andrew Hill (B) and Donald Knox (B) returned to duty from hosp
Matthew Wilson (from 62nd PA) returned from div hosp
regiment had 225 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
16 Continued work on Fort Prescott.
[Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
losses and deficiencies in May and June: Francis Braceland (E) 2 Springfield rifle muskets & 1 set accoutrements, Joseph Baker (A) 1 Springfield rifle musket & bayonet, corp Simeon Zane (A) 1 Springfield rifle musket & accoutrements, Charles Thomas (A), Hugh Callahan (E), William Gillmore (E), Robert Wooden (E), Joseph Green (E), John M. Boyer (K), Henry Bozier (K), and Colando [??] M. Jones [unidentified] (L) all lost 1 Springfield rifle musket & accoutrements
Henry Buckley (I) sentenced by court martial
Peter Abbott (62nd PA) returned to co. under guard
regiment had 225 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
17 Continued work on Fort Prescott.
regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA
[Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
12 men (4 present, 8 absent) from the 91st were scheduled to be discharged on 20 Aug, 81 (44 present, 37 absent) from the 62nd on 9 Aug
Peter Abbott (62nd PA) returned to duty from awol
regiment had 226 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
18 Continued work on Fort Prescott.
regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA
[Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
William W Burns (E) admitted to Satterlee General Hospital (in Philadelphia)
Asher Manning (G) deserted
James H Closson (H) certified that Samuel Sweeney (H) was killed in action
C 62nd PA muster out roll lists Leroy Abbott as absent in hospital, wounded, and transferred to 155th PA
regiment had 226 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
19 Continued work on Fort Prescott. [Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
men whose term expired before 25 Aug 64: in 91st PA 6 present and 11 absent; in co.L 62nd present: 1 officers, 26 men; absent 2 officers, 20 men; in co.M 62nd present 2 officers 18 men; absent 17 men (total present 3 officers 50 men, absent 2 officers 48 men)
Peter Abbott claimed cos L & M of the 62nd PA left for City Point, and Capt Murry gave him a pass to visit his father at corps hosp.
men "to remain" from the 62nd PA: veterans: 9 present, 3 absent (12 total); draftees: 15 present, 19 absent (34 total), aggregate 46
descriptive list for Charles Hamilton (B) sent (where?)
[letters]
20 Continued work on Fort Prescott.
George Dawson and Matthew Wilson (of 62nd PA) transferred to co K
[Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.461]
George Miller (H) dropped as deserter
Peter Abbott claimed he was supposed to return by 9 am, to catch a boat, which had left early
F H Gregory certified various facts about the death of Albert J Quick (A)
Lentz asked how Lt Robert Martin and an orderly sergeant transfered from the 62nd PA should be assigned, since there were no openings for someone with their rank [note: Martin is not in Bates]
Rinard Anthony, Reuben Berger, John Blum, Reuben Chafee, John Clark, Philip Demmel, JK Dernell, John Doring, James Fitzsimmons, Benjamin Frederick, James Freeman, Edward Garden, John Garden, John Hamilton, Matthew Hanna, Sylvester Jordan, Francis Kerer, Martin Knittle, David McCandless, John McFarland, William McIntyre, Henry Miller, Robert Morley, Samuel Nicodemus, William Norton, Oscar Printzler, William Rumbaugh, Amos Savage, John Schwartz, Samuel Seybert, William Spade, John Shaeffer, James Steele, Frederick Stotta, Elisha Stoughton, William Tucker, Peter Wilson transferred from 62nd PA
75 members of co.L & M, whose term expired before 25 Aug 64, 62nd PA ordered to report to Washington
Francis Ford (D) reported awol
William Adams (D) may have been transferred from Fredericksburg VA to Emory US General Hospital, Washington DC
regiment had 227 guns
[letter and order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
21 regiment relieved 21st PA Cavalry (dismounted) on front (on left of Jerusalem turnpike). works and camp were in filthy condition. all spare time was used in cleaning up and reconstructing the works, leaving a detail at the old camp for guard
regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA
Lentz was in command
48 men from the 62nd PA assigned to co.G
surgeon NR Mosely amputated Henry Bozier (K)'s right arm
[Lentz's report, p.461; Walter; Welch, p.506]
regiment had 201 guns
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
22 commenced new line of breast-works to the right of the road.
regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA [Lentz's report, p.462; Welch, p.506]
Lentz reported who was in command on 15 May, 1 June, and 15 June 1864
Lentz was in command
PA governor signed a commission for John Graham (E) (received 8 August 64)
the 48 men transferred from the 62nd, who had been assigned to co.G, were transferred to co.K, following brigade orders to assign them to the smallest company (enlisted men and commissioned officer in separate orders, unlike the assignment to co.G)
Andrew Hill (A) detailed as nurse in div hosp
members of cos L & M 62nd PA detailed: John Garden at brig hq, Philip Demmel teamster in the brigade commissary, George Dawson, John Hamilton, and Samuel Tipton on provost guard at brig hq, Benjamin Frederick at corps hosp, John Clark at brigade commissary, David McCandless at division hosp
Isaac Knight accepted appointment as Surgeon of US Volunteers
regiment had 202 guns
[letter and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
23 Continued work on Fort Prescott
regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA
John Parks (E) died in Philadelphia of wounds received at Petersburg, from amputation of his leg
Capt James H Closson certified various facts about the death of James Hood (H)
Robert Martin ordered to join the company of 62nd PA at Washington
[Welch, p.506]
[order]
['Our Annapolis letter', Philadelphia Inquirer, 23 July 1864, page 2]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
24 Continued work on Fort Prescott
regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA
[Welch, p.506]
Alem Brittain (F&S) sent to div hospt sick
Joseph H Smith (E) deserted
James Diehl (D) discharged on surgeon's certificate [possibly 25th]
William Geary (D) promoted to corp
James Fitzsimmons (K) promoted to corp
regiment had 202 guns
Henry G Mathers (90th PA) died of wounds received in action (formerly co.E 91st PA)
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
25 Continued work on Fort Prescott [Welch, p.506]
Peter Abbott and Matthew Wilson (transferred from the 62nd PA) wrote statements about Abbott's absence
Lentz reported on the number of musicians in the regiment
James Diehl, detailed as aide-de-camp to Brig Genl Tyler, discharged on surgeon's certificate [possibly 24th]
regiment had 202 guns
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
26 Continued work on Fort Prescott [Welch, p.506]
Lentz asked for advice about Peter Abbott, of the 62nd PA, who had been delivered to them under guard, and was not on the list of men transferred
the PA governor signed a commission for John Hamill (D) as 1st lt
[letter]
27 regiment discontinued working on Fort Prescott
George McClary (B) discharged on surgeon's certificate
[Welch, p.506; Lentz's report, p.462]
only one report of "absent enlisted men" had been received: for Franklin B Miller, detailed as clerk in adjt gen's office, Washington DC
Charles Megonigal enlisted, 118th PA
William Harvey (118th PA) wounded, Petersburg VA
regiment had 202 guns
[see 'Our Annapolis letter', Philadelphia Inquirer 27 July 1864, page 2]
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
28 moved 8 pm. to relieve first brigade second division, about 1 mile to right, reaching works at 10 pm. front line was occupied by 155th PA and 21st PA Cav (dismounted). 91st PA and 22nd Mass bivouacked in rear for night.
Alem Brittain (chaplain) discharged on surgeon's certificate
[Lentz's report, p.462; Welch, p.506]
[order]
29 regiment formed new line and built bomb-proofs.
[Lentz's report, p.462; Welch, p.506]
Charles Higgins (C) returned to duty from absent wounded
Robert Wooden (E) left his hospital at Philadelphia PA without permission
regiment had 202 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
30 1 am packed headquarters wagon. left old camp with the guard and joined command at front. action commenced at 4.20 am, by destroying Confederate fort in front of 9th corps (mine explosion). Companies A and F (?) were a little behind the rest of the regiment, in a "bomb-proof", since there wasn't enough room for them in the breastworks. heavy firing until 10.30. The 91st was near the far right of the Fifth Corps; the Ninth Corps lines began after the 91st's brigade. Regiment took no part in action.
casualties from 4 May to 30 July: officers 6 wounded; enlisted men: 44 killed, 128 wounded, 2 missing. total 174. total is 180
Monroe Bowne mustered in 118th PA
detailed at 5th corps hospital: John Garden (K) [in charge of the detail], Thomas Coyle (G), John Falls (H), Joseph Widdifield (D), Saml Dougherty (I), Will Kirkpatrick (K)
[Lentz's report, p.462; Walter; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Welch, p.506; Bates, p.192]
[orders]
31 regiment was in the trenches near Petersburg VA
William W Burns (E) officially discharged from Willets Point Hospital New York (furloughed and never returned)
no enlisted men had been discharged on surgeon's certificate since the last return
Gregory was commanding the brigade
William Adams (D) reported as a deserter, from Harwood General Hospital, Washington DC, because he hadn't returned from a furlough
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]

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revised 26 May 15
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions