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August 1864

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Throughout this month, the 91st was in the Second Brigade, First Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac. The siege of Petersburg continued. Participated in Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

?James Fitzsimmons (K) promoted to sgt (by undated order)
?Lauchlin, William (I) [unidentified] tried by court martial [see National Archives Archival Research Catalog (accessed 24 July 2010)]
?F E Rhoades (A) tried by court martial
1 regiment was in trenches near Petersburg VA
garrisoned forts.
[Bates, p.192]
D B Thomas (F&S) absent sick
Charles Hebding [?] (A) absent sick at div hosp
the 91st received notice of James Diehl's resignation on surgeon's certificate
Joseph Widdefield (D) nurse in corps hosp at City Point VA
Thomas Kurtz [?] (D), James Nelson [?] (D), + Varnoffer [??] (D) returned to duty
William W Burns (E) reportedly had unhealthy appearing wound, with exposed 2nd to 4th metacarpal bones, and a purulent discharge; one-third of his forearm was amputed by the circular method (under anesthesia)
John Falls (H) Samuel Dogherty (I), and William Kirkpatrick (K) nurses at corps hosp at City Point VA
detail for 5th Corps hospital ordered to report to brigade hq at 8 am [so 186, 5th Corps, 30 Jul 64]
William Egan (H) released from captivity
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
2 Garrisoned forts
John Horn mustered in co C
John McNully mustered in co C
Aaron Varnasdall (D) entered 5th corps field hospital, City Point, with diarrhea
Joseph H Smith (E) arrested as a deserter
William Critzer (F) deserted from Philadelphia (possibly 27th)
Lentz ordered a guard of 1 man to be placed on Peter Abbott (62nd PA) until his court martial
Henry McKane (C) discharged on surgeon's certificate, because of amaurosis (possibly 4th)
[Bates, p.192]
[order]
3 regiment was in the trenches near Petersburg VA
Col. Gregory received orders for the 91st, commanded by Major Lentz, to move to the fort where Lt Walcott's battery was stationed. They were to raise banquettes between the pieces, so infantry could defend the fort, and to camp so as not to interfere with the artillery.
[Bates, p.192]
William Kier granted 7 days leave
John McCoy (D) pioneer at brigade hq
George Getz returned from desertion
Francis Higgins (G) reported gained from desertion and absent wounded (presumably he did not really desert)
regiment had 200 guns
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
4 Garrisoned forts. Walter describes their camp as exposed to the four Confederate artillery batteries from the Jerusalem Plank Road to the crater, to Confederate Rifleman, to mortars, and guns on Cemetery Hill. However, no one was killed there, as far as he knew. They had a much easier time than the colored troops on their right. [Bates, p.192; Walter]
Henry McKane (C) discharged on surgeon's certificate, near Petersburg, VA, because of amaurosis (possibly 2nd)
regiment had 200 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
5 Garrisoned forts.
John Hoffnagle (C) died at Andersonville GA
[Bates, p.192]
Lentz reported that Andrew Hill was in the hospital from 20 May until 15 July, but is capable of performing his duty as a musician
[letter]
6 Garrisoned forts. [Bates, p.192]
Aaron Varnasdall (D) entered De Camp General Hospital, New York Harbor, with debility
the order authorizing leave for William Kier reached the 91st
7 regiment was in trenches near Petersburg VA
Garrisoned forts. [Bates, p.192]
James Gessler (C) reported regained from desertion
regiment had 206 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
8 Garrisoned forts.
[Bates, p.192]
John L Graham (E) discharged effective 8 Aug to allow him to accept a commission
John Anorson (C) died of marasmus in Andersonville Prison
final papers sent to adjutant general for William Hooven (C)
John Graham (E) received a commission as 2nd lt, and Sellers asked that he be discharged to allow him to accept a commission as 2nd lt
co E had 2 officers and 81 men total; 38 enlisted men were present for duty
the reg't had 21 officers and 520 men
Joseph Jones granted leave for 30 days on surgeon's certificate
John Dortt (K) discharged on surgeon's certificate at Chester Hosp
[letter and order]
9 Garrisoned forts [Bates, p.192]
John L Graham promoted from 5th sgt to 2nd lt, replacing David H Lentz
81 men from the 62nd PA were scheduled to be discharged: 46 from co.L (26 present, 20 absent), and 35 from co.M (18 present, 17 absent)
Lentz submitted a report of the 91st's activities from 4 May to 30 July 1864
casualty report for 4 May to 30 July:
Commissioned officers Enlisted Men Aggregate
KilledWoundedMissingTotal KilledWoundedMissingTotal  
0606 441282174 180
Sellers assumed command because Lentz was sick
Justus Gregory, acting reg't qm, ordered to take all surplus ordnance and stores to nearest post
Aaron Varnasdall (D) furloughed with orders to report to Medical Director, Philadelphia
[letters and orders]
10 91st was in the trenches near Petersburg VA
Garrisoned forts
John Lentz (F&S) sick in div hosp
Eli Sellers (G) commanding regt
Sellers sent another copy of the letter of 5 Aug about Andrew Hill
William W Burns (E): right arm stump inclined to slough
[Bates, p.192]
regiment had 205 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
11 Garrisoned forts [Bates, p.192]
John Falls (H) detailed by Col Gregory as nurse
William H Carpenter (D) promoted to capt
[see 'Our Annapolis letter', Philadelphia Inquirer 11 August 1864, page 2]
12 regiment was in trenches near Petersburg VA
Garrisoned forts [Bates, p.192]
Henry Buckley (I) reported dropped by sentence of court martial G.O. 39 HQ Dept of Susquehanna 16 July [?] 1864
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
13 Garrisoned forts [Bates, p.192]
Tayman reported that William Reiff hadn't reported to the 5th Corps hospital because his name wasn't on the order, which mentioned Joseph Widdifield (D), William Coyle [perhaps Thomas Coyle] (G), John Falls (H), Saml Dougherty (I), and Will Kirkpatrick (K)
William Hooven (C) returned to duty from the division hospital
William Carpenter reported for duty and was assigned to his company
Sellers was commanding the reg't
regiment had 204 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
[letter and order]
14 regiment was in camp in trenches near Petersburg VA
Garrisoned forts [Bates, p.192]
John Graham (E) ordered discharged effective 8 Aug to allow him to accept commission
returned to reg't from hospital: James Luffberry (A), Samuel Nickel (A), Human [?? perhaps 'Keeman'?] (C), William Lofft (C), Geo Stroup (F), Harry Angel (H), John Eagan (H), William McCoy (H), C [?] Malley [?] (K), Matthew McFetridge [?] (K), and Amos Savage (K), and Eli Leach (K)
Edward Maguigan (C) returned from absent wounded
George Justice and George Baily (D) gained from desertion
Jos Jones (H) absent with leave on surg. cert of dis. for 30 days
regiment had 211 guns
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
15 Garrisoned forts [Bates, p.192]
reg't received order discharging John Graham (E)
Charles Davenport (118th PA) caught
[orders]
16 Garrisoned forts [Bates, p.192]
Wilbur Wampole (D)deserted from hospital
Peter Abbott was sentenced by court martial to lose all pay and allowances now due him or due him in the future as a soldier, and to serve for a period equal to his absence, and then to be dishonorably discharged
Peter Abbott was assigned to co.K
Sellers was commanding the reg't
[order]
17 regiment was in camp near Petersburg VA
Garrisoned forts [Bates, p.192]
Aaron Varnasdale (D) died (more probably on the 26th)
Wm G Kier (F&S) returned to duty
William Beaver, James Simpson, Charles Hebding, and Edward Hoskins (all co.A) sick in div hosp
regiment had 214 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
18 Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad began.
Fifth Corps attacked Weldon railroad, destroying a considerable portion of it. Immediately threw up breastworks. Confederates repeatedly attacked, but were defeated; an entire brigade was taken prisoner.
2nd brigade 1st div. marched on Jerusalem plank road about 2 miles beginning at 7 AM, then followed a country road leading to or near the Yellow House for about a mile. deployed in line of battle about 1-1/2 miles from Petersburg and Weldon Railroad. no Confederate resistance. destroyed track and erected breastworks for defense. only casualties 2 wounded in brigade [Bates, p.192; Welch, p.506; Walter; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; 'Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
John Anorson buried, Andersonville Prison
Benjamin Tayman appointed brevet captain [?]
19 Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad continued.
brigade constructed earthworks and slashed timber
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604; 'Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
Reuben Auman (G) deserted from Mower USA General Hospital
William Care (D) deserted from hospital
20 Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad continued. Walter suggests that the main Confederate attack came two days after the beginning of the movement, which would make it on the 20th. He suggests that their position was a little left of the "Yellow House", with a breastwork to protect their rear, and the picket-line in front a quarter of a mile away. This was the most security they had had since arriving at Petersburg.
brigade constructed earthworks and slashed timber
George W Webb died of disease on Transport Atlantic, en route to Philadelphia.
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Walter; 'Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
12 men (4 present, 8 absent) were scheduled to be discharged
James Gessler (C) may have been discharged at Philadelphia because his term expired (perhaps 3 Sep)
William Stetler (VRC, formerly of co.A) discharged
21 Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad continued.
attack by Confederates on brigade front and flank was easily repulsed, with (brigade casualties) 5 men killed, 2 commissioned officers and 9 enlisted men wounded, 3 enlisted men missing
Alexander Osborne Earnest was killed on a skirmish line--he was shot in the head, and helped off the field by Theodore A Hope, but he died a few minutes later
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604; 'Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
22 brigade undisturbed in camp
['Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
Andrew J Hill discharged by special order, having provided a substitute (perhaps 28 Jan 65)
23 brigade undisturbed in camp
['Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
Francis Faries (A) mustered out on expiration of term
24 brigade undisturbed in camp
['Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
[see 'Our Annapolis letter', Philadelphia Inquirer 24 August 1864 page 2]
25 brigade undisturbed in camp
['Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
26 brigade undisturbed in camp
Fifth Corps was ordered to cut brush in front of the line Gregory had constructed
['Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
Frederick Henry (G) discharged at Philadelphia PA on surgeon's certificate (perhaps 27th)
Aaron Varnasdale (D) died (less probably on the 17th)
[order]
27 brigade undisturbed in camp
['Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
William Critzer (F) deserted from Philadelphia (possibly 2nd)
Frederick Henry (G) discharged at Philadelphia PA on surgeon's certificate (perhaps 26th)
Andrew B Hill mustered in co I
William H Carpenter mustered out of 13 VRC
28 brigade undisturbed in camp
['Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
29 brigade undisturbed in camp
['Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
Henry A Sheaff musteredc in 198th PA
30 regiment was camped on Weldon RR near Petersburg VA
['Report of Col. Edgar M. Gregory, ... commanding second brigade, of operations August 18-30', The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies Series 1, volume 42, part 1, pages 466-467]
Edgar Gregory and an officer from co. A are listed as on "special duty" rather than "on detached service"
Har'y Reinhart mustered in co K
Sellers (commanding) reported that the regiment had 205 58' Springfield rifle muskets, and 10,250 rounds of ammunition (50 per man)
Sellers explained why some of the lists of deserters required for the VRC had not been filed
Matthew Hall (E) certified that Charles Mellor (E) died on 19 June 64 of wounds received in battle
regiment had 205 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
31 regiment was camped near 6 Mile House, VA
Edward W Fox (A) discharged because his term expired
Charles Smith (B) died of wounds received at North Anna [may have died 21 Oct 64]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]

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revised 4 May 14
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