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October 1864

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Throughout this month, the 91st was in the Second Brigade, First Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac. The siege of Petersburg continued, with Poplar Grove Church and Peeble's Farm at the beginning of the month, and Boydton Plank Road and Hatcher's Run at the end. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

? at some point, Sellers reported that: all men were properly armed and equipped, 60 did not have good shoes, 55 did not have a good knapsack, 55 did not have a good haversack, 103 [105?] were not learned in the manual of arms, and 96 had never fired a shot in the service [letter, Sellers to Tayman, Oct 64]
? John F Walters (B) discharged (according to the 1890 census)
? William Adams (D) may have been transferred to US General Hospital at Broad and Prime Streets, Philadelphia PA
1 Poplar Grove Church and Peeble's Farm continued. Thomas Walter and Francis Gregory were in hospital. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Walter; letter listing battles, Sellers to Bartlett, 10 Nov 64 ("Chapel House")]
2 Poplar Grove Church and Peeble's Farm concluded.
James Hutchings (E) died of disease at City Point Hospital Virginia
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
3 Brigadier General Griffin (commanding Fifth Corps) requested Gregory's promotion to Brigadier General, because of 'gallant' actions on 30 September 1864.
4 Henry Conner, draftee, mustered in co G
John Brass (A) mustered out on expiration of term (possibly 13th)
John Connolly (C) mustered out near Petersburg VA on expiration of term (perhaps 6th)
no enlisted men were serving as officers' servants
the regiment had 211 58' Springfield rifle muskets, and 10550 rounds of ammunition (50 per man)
[letters]
5 Dennis McCarty sentenced by court martial
[orders]
6 regiment was near Pegram's House VA
2 officers and 24 enlisted men were discharged from May to September
regimental strength: May 24 officers, 565 men; June: 23 officers, 516 men; July: 22 officers, 518 men; August 22 officers, 514 men; September 19 officers, 484 men
recruits joined: May 2, June+July+August: 0, September 3
promotions: William Dyke (H) to corp, George Phillips (H) to corp, Harry Angel (H) to sgt
John Connolly (C) mustered out near Petersburg VA on expiration of term (perhaps 4th)
William Spade (K) detailed as teamster
regiment had 198 guns
[letter and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
7 regiment was near Pegram's House VA
Samuel Laforge (B) AWOL
Jacob Schneller, substitute, mustered in co B
Sanford Mothersbaugh, substitute, mustered in co B
William Rauvaux, substitute, mustered in co B
Jean Collin, substitute, mustered in co B
Anthony Gally, substitute, mustered in co B
Nicholas Million or William Nicholas, substitute, mustered in co B
James Clark, substitute, mustered in co G
John Clark, substitute, mustered in co G
Charles Roth, substitute, mustered in co G
James Beeman, substitute, mustered in co H
Henry Bennett, substitute, mustered in co H
Peter Buck, substitute, mustered in co H
Chester Johnson, substitute, mustered in co H
Lewis Jordan, substitute, mustered in co H
Adam Ickes, substitute, mustered in co I
John Whitaker, substitute, mustered in co I
John Deerr, substitute, mustered in co H
Nicholas Evarts, substitute, mustered in co H
Daniel Kelly, substitute, mustered in co G
Sellers reported that Geo W Justice (D), Geo Scott (D), Geo W Sweed (D), Chas Bailey (D), James Clarke (E), Joseph Green (E), and John Fink (H) had all gone missing in action on 30 Sep near Peeble's House
Benjamin Tayman was "ABI & AAAGenl"
Emanuel Long, substitute, mustered in, co B
Edward Matchett, substitute, mustered in, co G
Jacob Appel (K) dropped as missing in action
regiment had 197 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
8 Charged and captured Davis House. Burned it. This is presumably the house to which Thomas Simpson's letter of the 9th refers--he claims they established a new picket line, and came under fire from sharpshooters in a house, which was then attacked by the Second Division artillery, "and the House was soon in flames" [letter, Thomas W Simpson to Susanna Simpson, 9 October 1864; Bates, p.192; Welch, p.506]
John Wright, drafted, mustered in co G
James Defibaugh, substitute, mustered in co G
David Kelly, substitute, mustered in co H
David Sterle, substitute, mustered in co H
Godfried Sterle, substitute, mustered in co H
William Ickes, substitute, mustered in co I
Jennings Mock, substitute, mustered in co I
Michael Stufft, drafted, mustered in co.G
Mansfield Wood (C) discharged on surgeon's certificate at Philadelphia, PA
9 regiment was camped near Pegram's House, Virginia
Eugene Chemin (A) returned to duty from absent sick
Francis H Gregory (A) certified various facts about the death of Francis Cole
regiment had 199 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
10 regiment was camped near Pegram's House, Virginia
Amos Briggs (B) discharged from VRC
John R Allen (F) promoted from 1st sgt to 1st lt
John Edgar (G) promoted to 1st lt (probably effective date)
PA governor signed commission for Thomas Walter (A)
PA governor signed commission for Joseph Gilbert (C)
PA governor probably signed commission for Joseph Everhart (C)
John Blum (K) received a furlough for ten days to visit his family
regiment had 202 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
11 regiment was camped near Pegram's House, Virginia
Penrose Forsyth (A) reduced to the ranks for being awol and deserting from hospital
promotions: Jacob Fisher (A) to sgt, and Edward Wood (A) to corp
John L Graham (C) wrote Barbara Shinkle, widow of Edward Shinkle (C), about her husband's death
James Clark (E) returned from awol
regiment had 202 guns
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
12 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Samuel Laforge (B) returned from awol
William Michaels (F) to also assume command of co A, and to give Francis Gregory receipts for ordnance, ordnance stores and other property
Christian Stauze [?] (K) returned from absent sick
muster and descriptive roll of a detachment of drafted men and substituted forwardedfor the 91st, Camp Biddle, Carlisle, PA, included: George Sewell (-)
regiment had 202 guns

Muster and Descriptive Roll of a Detachment of Drafted Men and Substitutes forwarded for the 91 Reg't Pennsylvania, dated Cp. Biddle, Carlisle PA, 12 October 1864, including Anthony Gallacher (probably Anthony Lally alias Anthony Gally (B))
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
13 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Francis Gregory discharged on expiration of term [possibly 12th]
Henry Shaeffer (A) absent sick
John Brass (A) mustered out on expiration of term (possibly 4th)
Penrose Forsythe (A) reported absent sick
regiment had 203 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
14 100 draftees [and substitutes?] were received [Bates, p.192; letter], including Michael Miller (C) and Zachariah Schaffer (F)
occupied in continual drill until 27th [Welch, p.506]
War Department ordered Gregory assigned to duty as brevet brigadier general
George Mettinger (B) absent sick
Christian Stauze (K) sent to div hospital
Sellers reported the blank returns the 91st would need for three months
Joseph Green (E) returned from Division Hospital (and was charged with being AWOL)
Howard Shipley declined promotion to captain
regiment had 204 guns
[order]
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
15 regiment was camped near Pegram's House, VA
Sellers reported that he had received 100 drafted men and substitutes on the 14th
D B Buchananan and John O Dougherty are at the division hospital under the authority of William Keir, and had not been regularly detailed
Zachariah Schaffer assigned to co.F
Sellers reminded officers about various regulations, required daily inspections of arms and accoutrements, and had company officers make men raise their bunks at least 18" off the ground
William Reiff detailed as orderly at brig hq
William Carpenter (D) requested 20 day leave on surgeon's certificate
regiment had 204 guns
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
16 new schedule issued
100 recruits [see 14th above] assigned to companies: 20 to B, 10 to C, 20 to F, 20 to G, 10 to H, 20 to I
[orders]
regiment had 204 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
17 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Fifth Corps announced that Col. Gregory had been promoted to brevet Brigadier General
no vacancies were likely to occur in October because of officers' terms' expiring
company commanders to send in estimates of ordnance and stores to equip companies
Alvy Bowen (C) detailed as saddler
Robert Earnest (E) on 10-day furlough
regiment had 204 guns
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
18 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
sentence of Michael Bergin affirmed
Andrew Steinmetz died of chronic diarrhea, in Carver Hospital, Washington DC
Sellers explained the case of J Crazier [???]
John Donnell promoted to capt [could be 8th?]
James McLoon (A) returned from absent sick
Private Irving (D) either Thomas Irving or William Irving] returned to duty from absent sick
Jeremiah Derr discharged from Veterans' Reserve Corps and enlisted in 1st US Veteran Volunteer Regiment (possibly 23 Jan 65)
regiment had 206 guns
[orders and letters]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
19 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
James McCullough (B) returned from absent sick
regiment had 208 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
20 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Peter Abbott (K) discharged at expiration of term? (or dishonorably?)
Josiah Huntzenburg (D) reduced to the ranks for "disobedience of orders and conduct prejudicial to good order and military discipline"
William Hagerman (D) reduced to the ranks for being awol
promotions ordered and effective this date: privates Robert Anderson (D) to corp (perhaps 1 Sep 64), Thomas Taylor (D) to corp (perhaps 26 Dec 63), Robert Boyd (F) to be sgt (possibly 21st), George Flemming (F) to be corp (possibly 21st), and Thomas Carrick (F) to be corp (possibly 21st)
regiment had 208 guns
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
21 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Charles Smith (B) died of wounds received at North Anna [may have died on 31 Aug 64]
John Hamill (D) arrested for drunkenness on duty
Thomas Carrick (F) promoted to corp (possibly 20th)
George Fleming (F) promoted to corp (possibly 20th)
Thomas Marple (K) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Zachariah Schaffer (F) sent to division hospital
Robert Boyd (D) promoted to sgt (possibly 20th)
regimental court martial appointed to try George W Justice (D) and any other cases (no date mentioned): John Casner (K), James Clossen (H) William Michaels (F), judge advocate
Joseph M Johnston (D) relieved from duty as hospital attendant
John Coster (A) detailed as hospital attendant
regiment had 208 guns
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
22 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Fifth Corps headquarters assigns Gregory to First Division
James McLoon (A) in arrest
John H Fenn (E) promoted to corp
George Young (E) promoted to corp
Samuel Conrad (E) arrested by order of the officer commanding the picket
John Kennedy (I) promoted to corp
Charles Lafferty (I) promoted to corp
regiment had 208 guns
[orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
23 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Sellers asked that a medical officer be appointed to examine drafted men and substitutes recently received (on the 14th?)
John Donnell (I) on furlough
Andrew Friend (C) on furlough
William Hagerman (D) returned from AWOL and placed in arrest
John Donnell (I) absent with leave
William Wilson (A) on furlough, sick in hospital in Philadelphia
Martin Blake (B 24th VRC) admitted to regimental hospital (in Wisewell Barracks, Washington, DC) for treatment of intermittent fever
regiment had 307 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
24 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Brevet Brig. Gen. Gregory assigned to Second Brigade [order].
John Whitman (B) returned from absent sick
regiment had 311 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
25 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Samuel Conrad (E) released from arrest
no deficiencies in ordnance or stores
William Irving (D) relieved from duty in reg't qm dept
Thomas Irving (D) detailed for duty in reg't qm dept
Matthew Wilson (K) absent sick
regiment had 309 guns
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
26 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
William Jeffries (A) off duty
Joseph Donnelly (D) returned from absent sick
Samuel Conrad (E) released from arrest
regiment had 309 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
27 Boydton Plank Road and Hatcher's Run began.
First Division (including 91st) was in advance on morning. met enemy after about 4 miles. Second Brigade was formed in two lines in woods on left of road, with 188th NY and 91st PA in first line. Skirmishers from 91st were in front. Brigade advanced under lively fire until about 100-200 yards from Confederate works, reaching slashed woods and sharp fire. Established line there and threw up temporary entrenchments.
Casualties include:
Asher Manning (G) deserted
John Casner (K) received brevet appointment as major
[report by Griffin; Bates, p.192; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Welch, p.506]
28 Boydton Plank Road and Hatcher's Run concluded.
Second Brigade threw back Confederate advance in morning. Corps retreated during forenoon, with third brigade covering. First Division returned to former camp near Squirrel Level Road. Division had 22 killed, 170 wounded, 27 missing, in this two-day action. Capt. James Closson wounded (mortally).
Closson was recommended for a brevet appointment because of "meritorious conduct" on this day
John Hamilton (K) killed--he received a gunshot wound in the head (or left side) while in the skirmish line; William Rumbaugh (K) was next to him, and helped carry him to the rear, and Samuel Seybert (K) was also present
William Egan (H) wounded
Thomas Simpson (A) died of battle wounds
Patrick O'Malley (K) wounded by gunshot wound in left shoulder
John Falls (A) wounded by gunshot wound in left shoulder
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Bates, p.192; Welch, p.506; report by Griffin]
29 John Garrity (E) arrested at Philadelphia PA for desertion
Francis Corle (G) died of wounds received in action (perhaps 27th)
Newton Wallace discharged from 27th Mass
30 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
William Hagerman (D) and Josiah Huntzenburg (D) entered Emory Hospital
these men received commissions from the governor of PA: Joseph Everhart (C, as lt); John R Allen (F, as 1st lt); John Edgar (G, as 1st lt); George Finney (H, as lt); Adam Murphy (I)
Patrick O'Malley (K) sent to Columbia USA Hospital, Washington DC
5th corps 1st division court-martial appointed; it eventually tried John Hamill
regiment had 260 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
31 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Theodore A Hope promoted to captain, co E, replacing Matthew Hall
John L Graham promoted to 1st lt, co E, replacing Theodore A Hope
William E Michael (F) promoted to capt (possibly 1 Nov)
Eli G Sellers promoted to lt col
Sellers asked that these men be discharged to enable them to accept commissions: Joseph Everhart (C, as lt); John R Allen (F, as 1st lt); John Edgar (G, as 1st lt); and George Finney (H, as lt)
George Philips (H) admitted to hospital in Washington DC
total officers present & absent in regiment: 16, enlisted men: 567
officers present & absent in co.C: none; enlisted men: 33 present, 47 present & absent
officers present & absent in co.F: 1, enlisted men: 35 present, 52 present & absent
officers present & absent in co.G: 1, enlisted men: 34 present, 46 present & absent
officers present & absent in co.H: 1, enlisted men: 34 present, 46 present & absent
the 91st had 257 .58 Springfield rifle muskets, and 50 rounds of ammunition per man
deficiency: 6 men had thrown away knapsacks
regiment had 262 [?] guns
[letters]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]

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revised 25 Aug 15
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