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December 1864

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The 91st began this month in the Second Brigade, First Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac. It was then transferred to the Third Brigade, First Division, Fifth Army Corps. The siege of Petersburg continued. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

? William McMichaels (VRC) discharged
George Mettinger (B) probably discharged on expiration of term
?Joseph R Gore (A) (unidentified) tried by court martial; see National Archives Archival Research Catalog (accessed 24 July 2010)
1 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
John Hamill cashiered by sentence of general court martial (effective date)
the PA governor signed a commission for George Coster (K)
Asher Manning (G) returned to duty; to forfeit all pay for time absent without leave, do police duty about camp for one month besides all other duties
effective date of Samuel Laforge's (B) promotion to corporal
effective date of sgt George McMullin's (D) promotion to 1st sgt
George Finney (H) promoted to capt
regiment had 252 guns
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
2 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
William Warford (A) regained, having been dropped in error
Justus Gregory (B) mustered out when his term expired
William Beal (C) mustered out near Petersburg VA when his term expired
Daniel Wolf (G) mustered out at camp near Pegram House VA when his term expired
Howard Shipley mustered out when his term expired [possibly 1 Dec]
Samuel Laforge (B) promoted to corporal
James Clark (G) deserted from a vidette post in front of Petersburg, VA
Daniel Foltz (G) discharged on expiration of term, at camp near Pegram House VA (perhaps 19 Nov)
a second promotion is crossed out in the orders book: Daniel Shumber (G) to corporal
John Coster (A)'s furlough ended
regeiment had 254 guns
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
3 Theodore Snyder mustered out on expiration of term
William Kier (F&S)'s leave expired
Joseph Everhart (C) wrote George W Ford about the death of Edward Shinkle (C)
regiment had 253 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
4 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
Benjamin Tayman (F&S) mustered out on expiration of term
regiment had 256 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
5 regiment was camped near Pegram's House VA
so 293 hq Dept of Susquehanna convened court martial at Philadelphia PA, to which William Carpenter was detailed [letter, Sellers to Morgan, 17 Feb 65]
Samuel Simpson (C) mustered out near Petersburg VA on expiration of term (perhaps 20 Sep 64)
regiment had 257 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
6 John Schultz (A) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Frederick Reese (D) on furlough
7 Warren's raid on the Weldon Railroad began.
[undated] Moved to rear of Fort Stevenson. Struck Weldon railroad at Jarratt's Station. Skirmished and destroyed railroad whole night. Reached nearly to Hicksford. Returned to its position at Fort Stevenson. [Welch, p.506; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Henry Conner (G) deserted while on the march to Jarrats Station VA
John Clark (G) deserted while on march to Jarrats Station VA
Charles Roth (G) deserted while on the march to Jarrats Station VA
8 Warren's raid on the Weldon Railroad continued. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
John N Davis mustered out, when his term expired, at US Mustering & Disbursing Office, Philadelphia PA
Johnson Agnew mustered out, when his term expired
9 Warren's raid on the Weldon Railroad continued.
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec]
Philip Stotsenburg (E)'s furlough ended
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
10 Warren's raid on the Weldon Railroad continued. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec]
Augustine Montgomery (E) returned from having been a prisoner
11 Warren's raid on the Weldon Railroad continued.
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec] [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
12 Warren's raid on the Weldon Railroad concluded. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec]
Samuel Mock may have lost his rifle on this raid, and was apparently barely able to return to camp, carrying only his blanket, because of a back injury
Patrick Donnelly (H) may have been discharged--perhaps on expiration of term??
13 William H Geary (D) wounded and sent to Division Hospital
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec]
14 George Coster (K) received a commission from the governor of PA
Thomas Walter (A) received a commission from the governor of PA
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec]
15 regiment was camped near Petersburg VA
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec]
John G Brass (formerly A) testified about the probable death of Edward Shinkle (C)
John Hamill (D) received order cashiering him and left regiment
regiment had 251 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
16 regiment was camped near Petersburg VA
Sellers requested that George Coster (K) be discharged to accept a commission
16 officers and 530 men were in the regiment
2 officers and 63 men were in co.K, 0 officers and 38 of whom were present
capt. of co.K (John Casner) was still absent wounded, and the 2nd lt was on detached duty, and had probably been discharged due to expiration of term [perhaps William R Milligan]
Charles Houghton, on duty at Chester, certified various facts about the death of John Walter (H)
[letter]
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec]
Alexander McDermott (B) discharged on expiration of term
John Lashly (F) discharged by special order (possibly 25th)
Alexander Mallock (I) regained from desertion
regiment had 249 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
17 regiment was camped near Petersburg VA
George Coster (K) promoted to 1st lt
Frederick Reese (D)'s furlough expired
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec]
William Hagerman (D) reinstated to his former rank of corporal effective 1 Nov 64
regiment had 250 guns
[see 'The Ninety-first regiment', Philadelphia Inquirer 17 December 1861 page 5 [reprinted 18 December 1861 page 5]]
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
18 regiment was camped near Petersburg VA
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec]
regiment had 250 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
19 regiment was near Petersburg VA
Robert Wooden tried for desertion by court martial at Alexandria Va
no casualties [letter, 20 Dec]
regiment had 250 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
20 regiment was near Petersburg VA
John L Robinson, co E, arrested at Philadelphia PA for deserting (possibly on the 25th)
deficiencies in ordnance and ordnance stores: 7 Springfield rifled muskets and complete accoutrements, 1 bayonet and scabbard, 3370 rounds of .58 caliber ammunition
Sellers reported no casualties from 9th to 19th
Charles France (A) on furlough
regiment had 250 guns
[letters]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
21 regiment was near Petersburg VA
Francis Donahue (E) deserted from Philadelphia PA (perhaps 29 Dec)
William Cooper (K) may have been discharged on expiration of term, at Philadelphia PA
regiment had 250 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
22 regiment was near Petersburg VA
regiment had 250 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
23 regiment was near Petersburg VA
Sellers reported that so 252 (HQ Army of Potomac) had been complied with
Joseph Everhart (C) on furlough
John Graham (E) on furlough
regiment had 250 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
24 regiment was near Petersburg VA
chimneys of company quarters must be at least 18 inches above the canvas; the company street is the space next to the Chimney; all stumps must be cut off even with the ground
regiment had 545 guns
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
25 regiment was near Petersburg VA
John L Robinson (E) arrested at Delaware County PA for deserting (possibly on the 20th)
Sellers asked that Thomas Walter be discharged to accept a commission as 1st lt
regiment had 15 officers and 529 men; co.A had no officers and 65 men, with 36 enlisted men present
Sellers said that the following men deserved the medal of honor: Archibald Nimmo (C) and Edward Gamble (B) "for conspicuous gallantry in carrying the Colors in the two charges made on the enemy's works in front of Petersburg, on the 18" of June 64 in the latter of which both were wounded", and Franklin G Wolfinger (K) "for taking the Colors after the color bearers were wounded and waving them defiantly in face of the enemy. Carried them safely through under a heavy fire".
John Lashly (F) discharged by special order (possibly 16th)
William Lindsay (K) discharged at Armory Square Hospital Washington DC on surgeon's certificate of disability
regiment had 249 guns
[letters]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
26 regiment was near Petersburg VA
John Delamater discharged at camp near Fort Stevens VA on expiration of term
Joseph Amer (D), John Collins, and Amos Mooney (D) mustered in [why?] by Lt Swan (perhaps an error for 26 Dec 63?)
George M D Haines discharged from 2nd US Cav
regiment had 249 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
27 regiment was near Petersburg VA
Matthew Hanna (K) discharged on surgeon's certificate
regiment had 255 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
28 regiment was near Petersburg VA
Joseph Bowen (C) on furlough
Joseph Amer (D) reported mia [?]
Marcus Videl (F) deserted
regiment had 254 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
29 regiment was near Petersburg VA
Francis P Donahue (E) deserted from Philadelphia PA (perhaps 21 Dec)
Adrian Beaugerau (B) discharged on expiration of term
Conrad R B Brown (C) discharged on surgeon's certificate at Philadelphia, PA
regiment had 255 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
30 regiment was near Petersburg VA
Sellers proposed Samuel Conrad (E) and John Buzby (G) to fill vacancies in the ambulance corps
William Chaptman (F) deserted
Charles France (A)'s furlough ended
regiment had 255 guns
[letter]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
31 regiment was near Petersburg VA
Samuel Smith (D) reported for duty
the adjutant ordered Thomas Walter to go on picket. When he refused, he was arrested for refusing to go on picket [Walter; letter, Sellers to Bartlett, 4 Jan 65]
Franklin B Miller (A) discharged by general order
sgt George McMullin (D) promoted to 1st sgt effective 1 Dec
John Flynn (E) on furlough
regiment had 254 guns
[order]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]

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revised 27 Nov 12
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions