Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   

April 1865

              1  
go back
March 1865
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 go ahead
May 1865
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  16 17 18 19 20 21 22  
  23 24 25 26 27 28 29  
  30

Throughout this month, the 91st was in the First Brigade, Third Division, Fifth Army Corps, of the Army of the Potomac. The siege of Petersburg was concluded, and the Appomattox Campaign concluded, with the surrender of Lee's Army of Virginia. [Dyer, v.3 p.1604]

? After Appomattox. 2 days in previous night's position. Started for Burkeville Junction. Stopped for night near Farmville, where received news of Lincoln's assassination. Reviewed at Richmond by Gen Halleck. [Welch, p.507]
? uncertain date
Sailor's Creek: built breastworks; division (supporting Gen. Custer) captured and destroyed approximately 200 wagons. [Bates, p.193]
Moved to Petersburg after Appomatox. [Bates, p.193]
? in the second quarter of 1865, company G expended 1060 .58 calibre elongated ball cartridges and 1060 percussion caps, all at the battle of Five Forks
1 Appomattox Campaign continued. Battle of Five Forks.
4 am. again ordered to support Sheridan, who was moving against Five Forks. 16th Mich and 91st PA were under Lt Col Sellers' command. 16th Mich were formed in line on the edge of the woods on the right of the road leading to Five Points, on the right of and about 30 paces behind the second line of the 3d Div, 5th Corps. The 91st was on their right. about 3 pm. they moved forward about 300 yards. drove enemy at double-quick step for about one mile. moved to left to cross a stream; ascended a hill after crossing it, and Confederates fired a few shots wounding four men of 91st PA. drove off enemy. recrossed stream and took up position on right of 3d Div, who had moved to the left. line moved forward, capturing many enemy. moved about 5 miles, most at double-quick. halted about dark on right of General Baxter's Brigade, 3d div, 5th corps, on White Oak Road, about 2 miles from Five Points. Followed 3d Div down road, and went into camp near brigade headquarters, about 200 yards from crossroads, about 9 pm.
Also, a detail from the 91st secured some captured wagons and mules, which a 3d Div staff officer said were in danger of being recaptured.
General Griffin succeeded General Warren in command of the Fifth Corps. [Sellers' report; Bates, p.193; Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Welch, p.506]
George Blake (A) transferred to VRC
William Hoffman (A) wounded
James McLoon (A) wounded
effective date of these promotions: James Chism (B) to sgt, Samuel Laforge (B) to sgt, Edward Sykes (B) to corp, Herman Kurtz (B) to corp, Japhet Warren (B) to corp, Alexander Ickes (B) to corp, Emanuel Long (B) to corp, William Vance (K) to sgt, Phillip Demmel (K) to corp, Peter Hardenbaugh (K) to corp, John Doring (K) to corp, Martin Murray (K) to corp, John Schwartz (K) to corp, Ruben Berger [surname crossed out] (K) to corp, John A Langerbartel (G) to 1st sgt, Thomas Taylor (G) to sgt, Franklin Osborne (G) to sgt, Harry Abbott (G) to sgt, George Werkiser (G) to corp, William Kilburn (G) to corp, Daniel Shumber (G) to corp, John Denning (F) to sgt, Isaac Goodman (F) to corp, Absalom Shell (F) to corp, James Nugent (F) to corp, William Bayley (D) to sgt, Walter W Widdefield (D) to corp, Charles O'Connell (D) to corp, Charles Lafferty (I) to sgt, George Miller (I) to corp, Thomas Walker (I) to corp, and Charles Smith (I) to corp
James Knox (C) wounded
William Aldridge (H) deserted
William McCoy (H) may have deserted
2 Appomattox Campaign continued.
After Griffin took over. Moved forward in line on right of Third Division, along a road, across which attacked enemy behind breastworks. Captured nearly all of them. Pushed forward till night. Returned and camped on Five Forks Road. drew 1-1/2 days' rations on 2nd or 3rd; no other regular rations until surrender
David Ginther (A) wounded in foot by an axe while clearing timber before action (later died of fever resulting from those wounds)
George Coster (K)'s leave expired
[Welch, p.506; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
Robert Boyd (F&S)'s furlough expired
Henry Miller (K)'s furlough expired
William Moore (E) discharged
regiment marched 28000 prisoners to City Point (!?) [see Benjamin Shriner]
3 Appomattox Campaign continued.
about noon. Moved out to South Side railroad. Struck it at Church Road Crossing. Formed across it with pickets out. Halted for night.
After Griffin took over. Moved forward in line on right of Third Division, along a road, across which attacked enemy behind breastworks. Captured nearly all of them. Pushed forward till night. Returned and camped on Five Forks Road. [Welch, p.507; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
James Harley, substitute, enlisted and mustered in co E
John Casner (K) appointed major
4 Appomattox Campaign continued.
Moved forward, driving Confederates as far as Sailor's Creek. Entrenched there. Ordered to support General Custer that night. Captured two hundred wagons. Returned to position. [Welch, p.507; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
William Fraley mustered out (according to Official Army Register)
5 Appomattox Campaign continued.
Resumed movement. March lasted till nearly midnight of the 8th. [Welch, p.507; Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
6 Appomattox Campaign continued. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
7 Appomattox Campaign continued. [Dyer, v.3, p.1604]
David Weiss (I)'s furlough expired
John Pomeroy (C)'s furlough expired
Samuel Fordney (118th PA) returned from desertion, under the President's proclamation
8 Appomattox Campaign continued. A long and hard day. Started soon after dawn. the 91st was in the lead, with company A as flankers. It began to rain near night. About 9 pm they camped in some woods.
The 91st recaptured the colors (and some captured men) from the Fifth New Hampshire Volunteers ("History [of the 5th NH]" (searched 4 Jan 2005)
John Brittain (A) discharged on surgeon's certificate
Oscar Foust (F) discharged by general order
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Walter; Thos Moore, 'What might have been: The significant closing days of the Great Rebellion'. National Tribune 21 February 1895]
9 Appomattox Campaign concluded. Appomattox Court House. Lee and his army surrendered.
Reached nearly to Appomattox Court House about 8 am. Command drawn up in line with skirmishers deployed. Advanced under cover of a ridge. Confederates sent in flag of truce. Command marched through town; brigade placed in position beyond it. Walter reached the regiment about 11; the regiment was in line of battle just to the right of the town. Many of the men were sleeping, with the rebels 1/4 of a mile ahead.
Gregory had his brigade form a column and sing the doxology "Praise God from whom all blessings flow"; he interrupted a speech when he heard Confederate artillery (from an attack by Confederates who didn't know about the truce) [Henry A Willis, Fitchburg in the War of the Rebellion, p.248 (Fitchburg: Stephen Shepley, 1866); Francis J Parker, The Story of the thirty-second regiment Massachusetts infantry, pp.253-4 (Boston: C W Calkins & Co., 1880)]
[Dyer, v.3, p.1604; Bates, p.193; Walter; Welch, p.507; Thos Moore, 'What might have been: The significant closing days of the Great Rebellion'. National Tribune 21 February 1895]
10 Moved closer to Confederate position. Was drawn up, with right on Appomattox Creek, to receive guns as they were stacked by the enemy, as they came up by divisions. Dusk: returned to previous night's position. Walter reports a conversation with a Confederate who thought they should have continued fighting. [Welch, p.507; Walter; Bates, p.193]
11 Remained in same position (for two days) [Welch, p.507]
Charles Smaltz (C) discharged on surgeon's certificate
12
13 Adam Cornwall (B) discharged on surgeon's certificate, at Philadelphia PA
14 John L Graham certified that John Monteath had served in company E and been killed in battle; his statement placed him in camp near Alexandria VA
the regiment [?] left City Point and marched toward Burks Station [pension certificate file for Benjamin Shriner (A)]
15 [Day very uncertain] They marched along the main road, and then the Petersburg and Lynchburg Railroad. They reached Burksville, and turned toward North Carolina, presumably to support Sherman. The following day they turned north. [Walter] (According to a later affidavit, they moved from Burksville Station to Daily's Crossroad.)
16 Thomas Walter (A) may have been cashiered by an order of this date
17 Henry Buckley (I) deserted (actually 10 Apr 64)
18 Freeman Kneedler (E) readmitted to McClellan General Hospital, Philadelphia PA, after deserting
19
20 Patrick Haly (I) deserted (perhaps 24 Mar 65)
21 B J Tayman certified information about the supposed death of Edward Shinkle (C)
marched 12 miles [pension certificate file for Benjamin Shriner (A)]
22 no rations (for at least some men in co. A) [pension certificate file for Benjamin Shriner (A)]
23 Joseph Gilbert returned to the regiment
24 Alexander Keeley (C) discharged on surgeon's certificate
George Howard (I) deserted (probably 24 Mar 65)
Michael Mullen (I) deserted (probably 24 Mar 65)
George Murrey (I) deserted
John Smith (I) deserted (probably 24 Mar 65)
25 Augustine C Montgomery (E) discharged [uncertain date]
George Howarth (E) deserted
James L Mahoney (E) deserted
Henry McWilliams (E) deserted
James L Mahoney (E) deserted
26 regiment was near Sutherland Station SSRR Va
Benjamin Shriner (A) in hospital
Samuel Williamson (G) died at Philadelphia PA
John Garrity (E) mustered out when his term expired
John Tagan (E) deserted
regiment had 241 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
27 regiment was near Sutherland Station SSRR Va
Sellers recommended that the following be promoted by brevet: maj John F Casner, capt William E Michael, capt Theodore Hope, 1st lt John L Graham, "For meritorious conduct during the late campaign"
promotions to take effect 1 Apr: James Chism (B) to sgt, Samuel Laforge (B) to sgt, Edward Sykes (B) to corp, Herman Kurtz (B) to corp, Japhet Warren (B) to corp, Alexander Ickes (B) to corp, Emanuel Long (B) to corp, William Vance (K) to sgt, Phillip Demmel (K) to corp, Peter Hardenbauger (K) to corp, John Doring (K) to corp, Martin Murray (K) to corp, John Schwartz (K) to corp, Ruben Berger [surname crossed out] (K) to corp, John A Langerbartel (G) to 1st sgt, Thomas Taylor (G) to sgt, Franklin Osborne (G) to sgt, Harry Abbott (G) to sgt, George Werkiser (G) to corp, William Kilburn (G) to corp, Daniel Shumber (G) to corp, John Denning (F) to sgt, Isaac Goodman (F) to corp, Absalom Shell (F) to corp, James Nugent (F) to corp, William Bailey (D) to sgt, Walter W Widdefield (D) to corp, Charles O'Connell (D) to corp, Charles Lafferty (I) to sgt, George Miller (I) to corp, Thomas Walker (I) to corp, and Charles Smith (I) to corp
crossed-out promotions: Wilfred Bywater (K) to sgt, and William Cloud (K) to 1st sgt
George Crouse (K) dishonorably discharged by order of gen'l court martial
Edwin Blake reported gained as recruit from depot
regiment had 234 guns
[letters and orders]
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
28 regiment was near Sutherland Station SSRR Va
Charles Willis (A) mustered out when his term expired
Franklin Wolfinger (H) commissioned (but not mustered in as) 1st lt
John Dennison, Thos [?] Larner, Dan'l Murphy, Gerhard Small assigned to co.K (all never reported for duty)
William Unkert (D) absent sick
regiment had 236 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
29 John Felix (A) discharged by special order 194, War Dept AGO
Thomas Walter (A) reported cashiered
George McMullin (D) went on leave
David Meals (G) discharged by special order 194, war dept
George Walter (G) discharged by special order 194, war dept
Theo Jones (F) discharged near Washington DC on special order (possibly 15 May 65)
Amos Yeatts (F) discharged near Washington DC on special order (possibly 15 May 65)
Michael Heavener (F) discharged near Washington DC on special order (possibly 15 May 65)
Christian Eppleman (F) discharged near Washington DC on special order (possibly 15 May 65)
Jesse Peters (F) discharged near Washington DC on special order (possibly 15 May 65)
John B. Cline (F) discharged near Washington DC on special order (possibly 15 May 65)
Henry Sheaf (198th PA) promoted to 2d lt
regiment had 233 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report]
30 Henry W Erdman (I) discharged for promotion to 1st lt
James Simpson (A) dropped as deserter
James Graham (I) deserted (perhaps 30 May)
one man transferred to 191st PA [I have not been able to identify him]
company E had 72 enlisted men present (57 available for duty), and 1 commissioned officer; 24 enlisted men were absent
company E had 9 men on special duty: Robt C Gorby, Division Provost, Jno. Schaffer, 2nd Brig QM, Eli Leach, Orderly 5th Corps HQ, Oscar J. K. Prinszler, Division Hospital, William Norton, Division Hospital, Wm Shade, Division train, David McCandeless [?], Division Hospital, Matt McFetridge, 5 Corps Pioneer, Francis Kerer, " " Provost
regiment had 235 guns
[for more information, see consolidated morning report, and the company E monthly report]
31

top of document | home
revised 16 Aug 15
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions