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John Mathias Boyer

Before the war

He was born on 2 March 1843, in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, apparently to Andrew Boyer and Elizabeth [unknown family name]. [sources: date: 15, 22, 30 (4 Mar 1843); 4 (19 in 1861), 9 (18 in 1861), 10, 11 (18 in 1861), 14 (36 in 1880), 15 (57 in 1900), 18 (64 at death in 1907), 23 (7 in 1850), 24 (17 in 1860), 25 (27 in 1870). place: 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 18, 22, 23 (Philadelphia), 24, 30 (Trappe, Montgomery, PA). parents: 22 (Joseph), 23 (Andrew and Elizabeth), 24 (Elizabeth), 30 (Andrew and Elizabeth)]

In 1850, he may have been living in Upper Providence Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. If so, he was living with Andrew and Elizabeth Boyer (presumably his parents), and with Emily, Andora, Catharine, Andrew, and Royer Boyer (presumably siblings), along with Emanuel Hendricks. He had attended school within the year. [source: 23]

In 1860, he may have been living in Norristown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. If so, he was living with Elizabeth Boyer (presumably his mother), and with Emily, Andora, Kate, Andrew, Royer, Laura, and Ellee Boyer (presumably siblings), along with M Smith. [source: 24]

When he enlisted, he was a machinist. [sources: 9, 10, 11]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 5 feet 5-1/2 inches tall, and had a light complexion, grey eyes, and brown hair. [sources: 9, 10, 11]

During the war

He also served in company B of the 4th Pennsylvania Infantry. He was mustered into service on 20 April 1861. He was discharged on 26 July 1861. [sources: 7, 13, 19]

He enlisted and was mustered into service on 25 or 27 September 1861. He was enlisted for three years, at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Casner. He was mustered into service in company K at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by Captain Dye (USA). He was appointed corporal on 8 October 1861. [sources: 1 (27 Sep), 4 (25 Sep), 5, 7 (25 Sep), 8, 9 (25 Sep), 10 (25 Sep), 11 (25 Sep), 32]

On 18 March 1863, he returned to duty from being absent sick. [source: 3]

He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg. He was then a corporal. [source: 17]

In April 1864, he was tried by court martial. [source: 20]

On 25 April 1864, he was reduced to the ranks, by order of a general court martial. [source: 5]

On 2 May 1864, he was sick in his quarters. [source: 6]

In May or June 1864, he lost one Springfield rifle musket and accoutrements. [source: 2]

On 8 July 1864, he was reported as a captain's cook. [source: 12]

He mustered out on 6 November 1864, when his term expired. He was a private, in company K. [sources: 1, 4, 5 (2 Nov), 16, 32]

After the war

On 9 February 1867, he married Nellie [unknown family name]. She was born in June 1849, in Pennsylvania. They apparently had four children, including:

[sources: 14, 15 (4 children, 2 alive, in 1900), 25, 26 (4 children 2 alive in 1910), 28, 29, 30]

In 1870, he was living in ward 20, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Nellie, and children Herbert M and Lillie. [source: 25]

On 14 January 1876, his son, H M Boyer, died, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He died at 1928 Amber Street, ward 19, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He died of diphtheria scarlet fever. On 17 January 1876, he was buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 29]

In 1880, he was living at 1319 Savery Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Nellie and three children. He was an engineer. [source: 14]

On 26 June 1881, his daughter Lillie E Boyer died, in Philadelphia. She died at 1324 Savery Street, ward 18, Philadelphia. She died of scarlet fever. She was buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 28]

In 1890, he was living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [source: 7]

In 1900, he was living in Whitemarsh Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. He was living with his wife Nellie, two sons, and brother Andrew. He was a farmer. [source: 15]

On 25 February 1901, he applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension. [sources: 13, 19]

On 1 March 1907, he again applied for a pension. [source: 19]

He died at Marble Hall, Whitemarsh Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, on 2 October 1907, of hypertrophic cirrhosis of liver and secondary carcinoma, with exhaustion contributing. He was a farmer. He lived in Marble Hall, Pennsylvania. He was buried on 7 October 1907, at Greenwood (Knights of Pythias) Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [sources: 18, 19, 21, 22, 30]

On 11 October 1907, his widow, Nellie W Boyer, applied successfully from Pennsylvania for a pension. [sources: 13, 19]

In 1910, his widow, Nellie W Boyer, was living in Plumstead, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. She was living with her son Elmer F, and his wife and children. [source: 26]

In 1920, his widow, Nellie Boyer, was living in Whitemarsh Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. She was living with her son Elmer and his wife and children. [source: 27]

On 5 April 1921, his widow, Nellie Boyer, died, in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. [sources: 30, 31]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 letter, Lentz to Bennett, 16 July 1864

3 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 18 March 1863 (Corpl Boyer)

4 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 23 June 2004 (John M Boyer)

5 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 25 April 1864 (Corpl Boyer)

6 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 2 May 1864 (Private Boyer)

7 1890 US census, veterans schedule, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 342, page [3] (image 714 on Ancestry), line 28 (John M Boyer)

8 company K, list of non-commissioned officers (John M Boyer)

9 company K, descriptive roll (John M Boyer)

10 company K, second descriptive roll (John M Boyer)

11 company K, third descriptive roll (John M Boyer)

12 consolidated morning report, 91st PA, 8 July 1864 (Pri Boyer)

13 pension index, by name (John M Boyer)

14 1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 330, microfilm series T9, film 1177, pages 80C-D = 11-12 handwritten (John M Boyer)

15 1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Whitemarsh Township, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 281, microfilm series T623, film 1445, page 170 B = 11 handwritten (John M Boyer)

16 consolidated morning report, 91st Pennsylvania, 3 November 1864 (Privt Boyer)

17 Pennsylvania Memorial, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (John M Boyer)

18 death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2 October 1907, #24868 (John M. Boyer)

19 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company K (John M Boyer)

20 National Archives Archival Research Catalog (accessed 24 July 2010) (J M Boyer)

21 Pennsylvania death indices, 1907 ('Boyer, John Mathias: 99008; Montgomery Co.; Oct. 2.')

22 death certificate, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, 2 October 1907, file number 99008 (John Mathias Boyer)

23 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Upper Providence Township, microfilm series M432, film 799, page [576] = 10 handwritten (FamilySearch) (John M Boyer)

24 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Norristown Borough, microfilm series M653, film 1144, page 501 = 3 handwritten (FamilySearch) (John Boyer)

25 1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 2nd enumeration, ward 20, district 68, page 56 handwritten, Sixth Street (FamilySearch) (John M Boyer)

26 1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Bucks County, Plumstead, microfilm series T624, film 1320, page 294 = 8 A handwritten (FamilySearch) (Nellie W Boyer)

27 1920 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery, Whitemarsh Township, enumeration district 192, microfilm series T625, film 1606, page 250 = 4 B handwritten (FamilySearch) (Nellie Boyer)

28 [not transcribed] death register, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, Lillie E Boyer, 26 June 1881 (FamilySearch)

29 [not transcribed] death register, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, H M Boyer, 14 January 1876 (FamilySearch)

30 'Burley family tree', an Ancestry family tree, owner RichardBurley39, accessed 29 June 2013 (Ancestry)

31 Pennsylvania death indices, 1921 ('B600 Nellie Boyer 36425 Montg Co 4/5' [hard to read--could be 36125])

32 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (John M Boyer)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1930 US census
Ancestry and FamilySearch indices (accessed 26 June 2013)
Pennsylvania veterans burial cards
Ancestry index (accessed 24 June 2013)
applications for headstones for military veterans, 1925-1941
FamilySearch index (accessed 24 June 2013)
RootsWeb WorldConnect
accessed 24 June 2013)
US Army, Register of enlistments, 1798-1914
Ancestry (accessed 29 June 2013)
the John Boyer on page 94 of the A-D enlistments for 1861 (#1307) is not my John Boyer, since he was killed in action on 31 December 1862 near Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Display


John Mathias Boyer in the 91st PA gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect

John Mathias Boyer in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Upper Providence Township, microfilm series M432, film 799, page [576] = 10 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is speculative; I didn't find any other candidates, but the father is Andrew not Joseph (as in the death certificate]
[note that his brother Andrew, born July 1845, is living with him in the 1900 census entry transcribed below]
line323334353637383940
Dwellings visited76        
Families visited76        
NameAndrew BoyerElizabeth "Emily "Andora "John M "Catharine "Andrew "Royer "Emanuel Hendricks
Age36311297536/1220
SexMFFFMFMMM
Color         
Occupation of males over 15 yearsFarmer       Laborer
Real estate owned4000        
Birthplace" [sc. Philadelphia]""""""""
Married within year         
Attended school within year   11    
Over 20 & can't read/write         
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.         

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Norristown Borough, microfilm series M653, film 1144, page 501 = 3 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is speculative; I didn't find any other candidates, but the father is Andrew not Joseph (as in the death certificate)]
line28293031323334353637
Dwelling number20         
Family number23         
NameElizabeth BoyerEmly "Andora "John "Kate "Andrew "Royer "Laura "Ellee "M Smith
Age412219171513106440
Sexfffmfmmffm
Color          
OccupationBoarding House         
Value of real estate owned2000         
Value of personal estate200         
Place of birth" [sc. Pa]"""""""""
Married within year          
Attended school within year          
Cannot read & write          
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.          

1870 census

[1870 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 2nd enumeration, ward 20, district 68, page 56 handwritten, Sixth Street (FamilySearch)]
[identification is likely; see the note on the 1900 census entry transcribed below]
line9101112
Dwelling-house number1736   
Family number    
NameBoyer John MNellieHerbert MLillie
Age272121
SexMFMF
Color    
Occupation    
Real estate value    
Personal estate value    
Birthplace    
Father foreign born    
Mother foreign born    
Birth month if born within year    
Marriage month if married within year    
Attended school past year    
Can't read    
Can't write    
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old    
Male US citizen at least 21 years old who can't vote ...    

1880 census

[1880 US census, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 330, microfilm series T9, film 1177, pages 80C-D = 11-12 handwritten]
[identification is likely; see the note on the 1900 census entry transcribed below]
line474849501
street nameSavery StSavery St
house number1319   1319
dwelling visit #111   111
family visit #118   118
nameBoyer, John M- Nellie W [?]- Lillie E- Elmer FBoyer Linn H
colorWWWWW
sexMFFMM
age363010310/12
month born if born in year    July
relationship wifedaughtersonSon
single  111
married11   
widowed/divorced     
married during year     
occupationEngineerKeeping houseAt school  
months unemployed[blank?]    
currently ill?     
blind     
deaf/dumb     
idiotic     
insane     
disabled     
school this year  1  
can't read     
can't write     
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplacePennaEnglandPaPaPenna
mother's birthplacePennaPennaPaPaPenna

1890 census, veterans schedule

[1890 US census, veterans schedule, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pniladelphia, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 342, page [3] (image 714 on Ancestry), line 28]
[identification is confirmed by reference to his service in the 91st]

[line] 28
[house] 141
[family] 149
[name] John M Boyer
[rank] Private
[the next five lines have two entries each]
[company] K
[unit] 4 Pa Inf
[enlistment date] April 20 1861
[discharge date] July 26 1861
[length of service] [blank] years, 3 months, 5 days

[company] K
[unit] 91 Pa Inf
[enlistment date] Sept 25 1861
[discharge date] Nov 2 1864
[length of service] 3 years, 1 months 7 days

[post office address] " [sc. Philadelphia]
[disability incurred] none
[remarks] Expiration of service

1900 census

[1900 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, Whitemarsh Township, supervisor's district 2, enumeration district 281, microfilm series T623, film 1445, page 170 B = 11 handwritten]
[identification is likely, since (1) his wife's name matches the widow's name in the pension index by name (entry 13 above)]
line5253545556
street     
house number     
dwelling number215    
family number220    
nameBoyer John M- Nellie- Elmer F- Lynn H- Andrew
relationshipHeadWifeSonSonBrother
colorWWWWW
sexMFMMM
birth dateMar 1843June 1849Jan 1877July 1879July 1845
age5751332054
married?MMSSS
# years married3333   
mother of how many children? 4   
# of children living 2   
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplacePennsylvaniaEnglandPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
mother's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
immigration year     
# years in USA     
naturalized citizen?     
occupationFarmer Farm laborerArchitectSalesman (dry goods)
# months not employed0 0 0
# months in school     
can readyesyesyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyesyesyes
speaks Englishyesyesyesyesyes
owned/rentedR    
free or mortgaged     
farm/houseF    
# of farm schedule91    

1910 census

[1910 US census, Pennsylvania, Bucks County, Plumstead, microfilm series T624, film 1320, page 294 = 8 A handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is likely; see the note on the 1900 census entry transcribed above (and note that Elmer matches the Elmer in that entry)]
line2122232425
street     
house nr     
dwelling nr92    
family nr98    
nameBoyer, Elmer F.", Elva G.", Elmer F Jr", Mevey E M.", Nellie W.
relationshipHeadWife SonSonMother
sexMFMMF
colorWWWWW
age333631 7/1260
marital statusM1M1SSWd
#years present marriage55   
mother of # children 3  4
mother of # living children 2  2
birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaEng English
mother's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
immigrated     
naturalized/alien     
speaks EnglishEnglishEnglish  English
occupationFarm LaborerNoneNoneNoneNone
nature of industry etc.General Farm    
employer etc.W    
out of work 15 Apr 1910?No    
# weeks out of work 1909No    
can read0    
can writeYesYes  Yes
school since 1 Sep 09YesYes  Yes
owned/rentedR    
owned free or mortagaged     
farm/houseH    
nr on farm schedule     
civil war vet     
blind     
deaf & dumb     

1920 census

[1920 US census, Pennsylvania, Montgomery, Whitemarsh Township, enumeration district 192, microfilm series T625, film 1606, page 250 = 4 B handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is likely; see the note on the 1910 census entry transcribed above]
line9495969798
street     
house numberFm    
dwelling visit number91    
family visit number93    
nameBoyer, Elmer-, Rebecca-, Elmer-, Mevey M.- Nellie
relationshipHeadWifeSonSonMother
own/rentR    
free/mortgaged (if owned)     
sexMFMMF
raceWWWWW
age at last birthday4247121165
marital statusMMSSWd
year of immigration     
naturalized/alien     
year of naturalization     
attended school since Sept 1919  yesyes 
can readyesyesyesyesyes
can writeyesyesyesyesyes
birth placePennsylvaniaDelawarePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
native language     
father's birthplacePennsylvaniaDelawarePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvania
father's native language     
mother's birthplacePennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaEngland
mother's native language    English
can speak Englishyesyesyesyesyes
occupationFarmernonenonenonenone
industry, businessFarm    
employment statusS    
number of farm schedule17    

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 10 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Boyer, John M.
Co. K, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Corpl. | Pvt.
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

Philadelphia death certificate

[death certificate, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 2 October 1907, #24868, John M. Boyer]
[source: www.familysearch.org]

PROVISIONAL CERTIFICATE
24868
Name of Deceased John M. Boyer
Age 64 yrs
Color [illegible]
Sex M
Date of Death Oct 2. 07
Cause of Death Cirrhosis of Liver
Place of Death Marble Hall, Montg Co Pa
UNDERTAKER'S CERTIFICATE
Occupation Farmer
Place of Birth Pa
Birthplace of Father, -
Birthplace of Mother, -
Name of Father, -
Maiden Name of Mother, -
Last [?] place of Residence, Marble Hall, Pa.
Buried from, Street and No " "
Date of Burial, Oct. 7. 07
Place of Burial, K.P. Cem. (Greenwood) Phila
Chas W. Lewis Undertaker.
Residence, Plymouth Meeting Pa

Pennsylvania death certificate

[death certificate, Pennsylvania, Montgomery County, 2 October 1907, John Mathias Boyer, file number 99008]
[transcribed 24 June 2013]

COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
BUREAU OF VITAL STATISTICS
CERTIFICATE OF DEATH
File No. 99008
Registered No. 145 [?]
PLACE OF DEATH
County of Montgomery
Township of Whitemarsh
Registration District No. 716
Primary Registratrion District No. 3080
FULL NAME John Mathias Boyer

PERSONAL AND STATISTICAL PARTICULARS
SEX Male
COLOR White
DATE OF BIRTH (Month) 3rd (Day) 2 (Year) 1843
AGE 64 years, 7 months, [blank] days
Married
BIRTHPLACE Pennsylvania
NAME OF FATHER Joseph Boyer
BIRTHPLACE OF FATHER dont [sic] know
MAIDEN NAME OF MOTHER dont [sic] know
BIRTHPLACE OF MOTHER " " [sc. don't know]
OCCUPATION Farmer
THE ABOVE STATED PERSONAL PARTICULARS ARE TRUE TO THE BEST OF MY KNOWLEDGE AND BELIEF
Informant Elmer Boyer
Address Conshohocken RD 2
Filed Oct 5th [?] 1907 Wm Neville [?] Registrar

MEDICAL CERTIFICATE OF DEATH
DATE OF DEATH Oct 2nd 1907

I HEREBY CERTIFY, That I attended deceased from Sept 4th 1907 to Oct 2nd 1907 that I last saw him alive on Oct 1st 1907 and that death occurred, on the date stated above, at 11.10 PM.

The CAUSE OF DEATH was as follows:
Hypertrophic Cirrhosis of Liver and Secondary Carcinoma (Duration) 4 yrs
Contributory Exhaustion (Duration) 4 Days
(Signed) Charles W Charbel [?] M.D.
Oct. 4 1907 (Address) 2342 E Norrist
SPECIAL INFORMATION only for Hospitals, Institutions, Transients, or Recent Residents.
PLACE OF BURIAL OR REMOVAL Greenwood Cemetery
DATE OF BURIAL Oct 7 1907
UNDERTAKER Charles W Lewis
ADDRESS Conshohocken

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revised 11 Mar 14
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