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James Dyson

Before the war

He was born in 1839/40, in New Haven, Connecticut, perhaps to George and Maria Dyson. [sources: date: 7 (22 in 1862), 8 (11 in 1850), 9 (20 in 1860). place: 7, 8 (PA), 9 (PA). parents: 8, 9]

In 1850, perhaps he is the James Dyson living in Springfield, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. If so, he was living with George and Maria Dyson (presumably his parents), and with John, Eli, Joseph, George, Sarah, and Ann Dyson (presumably siblings). He had not attended school within the year. [source: 8]

In 1860, perhaps he is the James Dyson living in Springfield, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. If so, he was living with George and Maria Dyson (presumably his parents), and with Joseph, George, Sarah, Ann, Martha, Mary, Amos, and Leah Dyson (presumably siblings). He was a farm laborer. [source: 9]

When he enlisted, he was a laborer. [source: 7]

Description

When he enlisted, he was 6 feet 0 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, hazel eyes, and dark hair. [source: 7]

During the war

He enlisted at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 18 September 1862. He was enlisted by Lieutenant Justus A Gregory, of the 91st Pennsylvania. He was a private, in company A. [sources: 1, 3, 5, 6, 7]

He is listed on a Muster and Descriptive Roll of a Detachment of US Volunteers forwarded for the 91st Regiment Pennsylvania infantry dated 20 September 1862, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He had been paid $25 in bounty, and a $4 premium. [source: 7]

On the September-October 1862 company muster roll, he is reported absent with leave of surgeon. He was due pay from his enlistment. [source: 7]

On the November-December 1862, January-February 1863, 28 February to 10 May 1863, May-June, July-August, September-October, and November-December 1863 company muster rolls, and on the 10 April 1863 special muster roll, he is listed as absent, sick in hospital in Philadelphia. [source: 7]

On 8 September 1863, Sinex reported that he was in Philadelphia and able to rejoin the regiment, and requested his return. [source: 2]

According to the company muster-out roll, he deserted at Sharpsburg, [Virginia]. However, on 9 December 1863, Surgeon George Rex certified that he was unfit for duty because of phthisis pulmonalis, and had been unfit for duty sixty days of the last two months. And he was discharged for disability, on 15 December 1863, at the US General Hospital, Chester, Pennsylvania. He was a private, in company A. [1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]

He asked to be addressed at Springfield, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. [source: 7]

His name is on the March-April 1864 through May-June 1865 company muster rolls, but he is not marked present or absent. [source: 7]

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster)

2 letter, Sinex to Marvin, 8 September 1863

3 company A descriptive roll, entry 103 (James Dyson)

4 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 5 May 2004 (James Dyson)

5 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James Dyson)

6 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (James Dayson)

7 compiled service record (James Dyson)

8 1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Springfield, microfilm series M43, film 776, page 162 verso = 324 handwritten (FamilySearch) (James Dyson)

9 1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Springfield Township, microfilm series M653, film 1105, pages 658 = 19 handwritten to 659 = 20 handwritten (FamilySearch) (James Dyson)

Sources checked unsuccessfully

1890 US census, veterans schedules
Ancestry index
pension index, by name
Ancestry index (accessed April 2006)

Display



James Dyson in the 91st PA database

1850 census

[1850 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Springfield, microfilm series M43, film 776, page 162 verso = 324 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is speculative; see the note on the 1860 census entry transcribed below]
[note that the Ancestry index found no James Dyson born in Connecticut in 1840 +/-2 (accessed 6 April 2014)]
line212223242526272829
Dwellings visited118        
Families visited118        
NameGeorge DysonMaria "John "Eli "James "Joseph "George "Sarah "Ann "
Age38251513118643/12
SexMFMMMMMFF
Color         
Occupation of males over 15 yearsFactory man " "      
Real estate owned         
BirthplaceEngland"New York"Penna""""
Married within year         
Attended school within year     1   
Over 20 & can't read/write         
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.         

1860 census

[1860 US census, Pennsylvania, Delaware County, Springfield Township, microfilm series M653, film 1105, pages 658 = 19 handwritten to 659 = 20 handwritten (FamilySearch)]
[identification is speculative; (1) on the one hand, he is living in Springfield, which is where the certificate of disability for discharge says to address him, but (2) he was born in Pennsylvania, not Connecticut (as the compiled service record repeatedly states)]
[note that the Ancestry index found no James Dyson born in Connecticut in 1840 +/-2 (accessed 6 April 2014)]
line394012345678910
Dwelling number130           
Family number140           
NameGeorge DysonMaria "Eli DysonJames "Joseph "George "Sarah "Ann "Martha "Mary "Amos "Leah "
Age4935222018161597531
Sexmfmmmmffffmf
Color            
OccupationWool Sorter Farm laborerDoApp. machinistFarm laborer      
Value of real estate owned            
Value of personal estate100           
Place of birthEnglandDoEnglandPennaDoDoDoDoDoDoDoDo
Married within year            
Attended school within year     11111  
Cannot read & write            
Deaf, dumb, blind, etc.   Convict Rape        

index to compiled service records

[index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania]
[transcribed 7 Mar 2014, from Fold3]


Dyson James
Co. A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
See also [blank]

GENERAL INDEX CARD.


[card 2, transcribed 26 March 2014]

Dayson James
Co. A, 91 Pennsylania Inf.
Pvt | Pvt
REFERENCE CARD.
Original filed under
Dyson James

GENERAL INDEX CARD.

compiled service record

[compiled service record, James Dyson]
[transcribed from 15 images, received from the National Archives and Records Administration, 5 April 2014]



[image 1]

781
Dyson, James
Co. A, 91 Pennsylvania Inf.
Private | Private
CARD NUMBERS.
1 22037331
2 22040641
3 22040720
4 22040795
5 22040867
6 22040930
7 22040997
8 22047657 [?]
9 22041123
10 22041184
11 22041314
12 22041406
13 22041499
14 22041583
15 22041653
16 22041723
17 22041792
18 22041893
19 22042436
[the rest of the card numbers are blank]
Number of personal papers herein 3
Book Mark: [blank]
See also [blank]


[image 2]

Dyson James
P, Co A, 91 Reg't Pa. Inf.
3 Enclosures.

Bed cards [blank]
Burial Records [blank]
Certs. of Dis. for Discharge 1
C. M. Charges [blank]
Descriptive Lists [blank]
Discharge Certificates [blank]
Enlistment Papers 1
Final Statements [blank]
Furloughs or L. of A. [blank]
Med. Certificates [blank]
Med. Des. Lists [blank]
Orders [blank]
Pris. of War Record [blank]
Resignations [blank]

Others paper relating to---
Admission to Hosp'l [blank]
Casualty Sheet [blank]
Confinement [blank]
Contracts [blank]
Death or Effects [blank]
Desertion [blank]
Discharge from Hosp'l [blank]
Discharge from Service [blank]
Duty [blank]
Furlough or L. of A. [blank]
Med. Examination 1
Misc. Information [blank]
Pay or Clothing [blank]
Personal Reports [blank]
Rank [blank]
Transfer to Hosp'l [blank]
Transfer to V.R.C. [blank]
Transportation [blank]


[image 3]

FORM FOR EXAMINING A RECRUIT.

RECRUIT James Dyson, age 22, occupation labor
born in Connt, presented by Lieut Gregory 91" PV

1 Have you ever been sick? No
When, and of what diseases? No
2 Have you any disease now, and what? No
3 Have you ever had fits? No
4 Have you ever received an injury or wound upon the head? No
5 Have you ever had a fracture, a dislocation or a sprain? No
6 Are you in the habit of drinking? No Or have you ever had the "horrors"? No
7 Are you subject to the piles? No
8 Have you any difficulty in urinating? No
9 Have you ever been vaccinated, or had the small pox? Vaccinated
Head good
Ears "
Face "
Eyes and Appendages. "
Nose. "
Organs of Mastication and Voice. "
Neck. "
Chest. "
Abdomen. "
Genital and Urinary Organs. "
Vertebral Column. "
Superior Extremities. "
Inferior Extremities. "

REMARKS.
[blank]

DATE: Sept. 18th 1862
RENDEZVOUS: 9th + Walnut
[illegible] Act Ast Surgn USA
Inspecting Surgeon.

[image 4]

CERTIFICATE OF DISABILITY FOR DISCHARGE
No 76
IN THE CASE OF
James Dyson
a Private Co. "A"
91st Reg't of Pa Vols

Adjutant General's Office.
Dec 31 1863
Duplicate sent the Pension Office

Entd on C.R.
R L H W.
Received (A. G. Office) Dec 30, 1863.
Dec 15


[image 5]

ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES
CERTIFICATE
OF DISABILITY FOR DISCHARGE.
James Dyson Private of Captain H. B. Lane's [?] Company, (A) of the 91st Regiment of Penna Vols was enlisted by Capt Lane [sic] of the 91 Regiment of Penna Vols at Philadelphia Pa on the 18 day of Sept 1862, to serve 3 years; he was born in Newhaven in the State of Conn is 22 years of age, 6 feet x inches high, dark complexion, hazel eyes, dark hair, and by occupation when enlisted a Laborer During the last two months soldier has been unfit for duty 60 days. By reason of Phthisis pulmonalis

Station: US Genl Hospl Chester Pa
DATE: December 9" 1863

Geo Rex
Surgeon USA

I CERTIFY, that I have carefully examined the said James Dyson Private of Captain W. B. Lanes [sic] Company, and find him incapable of performing the duties of a soldier because of Phthisis Pulmonalis; unfitting him for entering or reenlisting in the Invalid Corps

Geo Rex
Surgeon USMS

DISCHARGED, this fifteenth day of December 1863, at U.S. General Hospital Chester Pa

Geo Rex
Surgeon US Vols
Commanding hospl

The soldier desires to be addressed at Town Springfield County Delaware State Pennsylvania.


[image 6]


VOLUNTEER ENLISTMENT.
STATE OF Pennsylvania
TOWN OF Philadelphia

I, James Dyson born in Newhaven in the State of Connecticutt [sic] aged Twenty Two years, and by occupation a Laborer DO HEREBY ACKNOWLEDGE to have volunteered this Eighteenth day of September 1862, to serve as a Soldier in the Army of the United States of America, for the period of THREE YEARS, unless sooner discharged by proper authority: Do also agree to accept such bounty, pay, rations, and clothing, as are, or may be, established by law for volunteers. And I, James Dyson do solemnly swear, that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the United States of America, and that I will serve them honestly and faithfully against all their enemies or opposers whomsoever; and that I will observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to the Rules and Articles of War.

James Dyson

Sworn and subscribed to, at Philadelphia,
this 18th day of September 1862
BEFORE Francis [?] M [?] Backy [?]
Capt [illegible] USA

I CERTIFY, ON HONOR, That I have carefully examined the above named Volunteer, agreeably to the General Regulations of the Army, and that in my opinion he is free from all bodily defects and mental infirmity, which would, in any way, disqualify him from performing the duties of a soldier.

J K Mason [?] Act. Ast. Surg. U.S.A.
EXAMINING SURGEON.

I CERTIFY, ON HONOR, That I have minutely inspected the Volunteer, James Dyson, previously to his enlistment, and that he was entirely sober when enlisted; that, to the best of my judgment and belief, he is of lawful age; and that, in accepting him as duly qualified to perform the duties of an able-bodied soldier, I have strictly observed the Regulations which govern the recruiting service. This soldier has Hazel eyes, Dark hair, Dark complexion, is 6 feet [blank] inches high.


Lt J A Gregory
91st Regiment of Penn Volunteers,
RECRUITING OFFICER.


[image 7]

DECLARATION OF RECRUIT.

I, James Dyson desiring to VOLUNTEER as a Soldier in the Army of the United States, for the term of THREE YEARS, Do declare, That I am Twenty Two years and - months of age; that I have never been discharged from the United States service on account of disability or by sentence of a court-martial, or by order before the expiration of a term of enlistment; and I know of no impediment to my serving honestly and faithfully as a soldier for three years.

GIVEN at Philadelphia
The 18 day of September

James Dyson
Witness: Lt J A Gregory



D. M. G [?]
419 [?]
No. [blank]
James Dyson
Volunteered at Philadelphia
September 18 1862
By Lt J A Gregory
91st Regiment of Penn Vols

__ enlistment; last served in Company ([blank]) [blank] Reg't of [blank]
Discharged [blank]

91st Vols [?]
Co A

[the "CONSENT IN CASE OF MINOR." is blank]


[image 8]


D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt, Co A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Age [blank] years.
Appears on Co. Muster-out Roll, dated Camp in the field, Va. July 10, 1865.
Muster-out to date [blank]
Last paid to [blank]

Clothing account:
Last settled [blank]; drawn since $[blank]
Due soldier $[blank]; due U.S. $[blank]
Am't for cloth'g in kind or money adv'd $[blank]

Due U.S. for arms, equipments, &c., $[blank]
Bounty paid $[blank]; due $[blank]
Remarks x [the rest of this line is crossed out] Deserted from Sharpsburg, Md., date not known
Deserted at Philadelphia Feb. 18 /64.
A.G.O. Discharged Dec. 13, 1863 at Chester Pa of Phthisis Pulmonalis. Vide C. of D. [an x with four dots around it]
x So on roll.
(over)
Book mark: [blank]

Collings Copyist.


[image 9]

SEP. 23. 1892. 22042136

[an 'x' with four dots around it] As it appears on roll.


[image 10, which consists of three cards]

[card 1]

James Dyson
Pvt, Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for May + June, 1865.
Present or absent Not stated
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: [blank]
Book mark: [blank]
C. Lucas Copyist.

[card 2]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt., Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Mar + Apr, 1865.
Present or absent Not stated
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: [blank]
Book mark: [blank]
C. Lucas Copyist.

[card 3]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt., Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Jan. + Feb., 1865.
Present or absent Not stated
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: [blank]
Book mark: [blank]
C Lucas Copyist.


[image 11, which consists of three cards]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt., Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Nov. + Dec., 1864.
Present or absent Not stated
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: [blank]
Book mark: [blank]
C. Lucas Copyist.

[card 2]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt., Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Sept. + Oct., 1864.
Present or absent Not stated
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: [blank]
Book mark: [blank]
C. Lucas Copyist.

[card 3]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt., Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for July + Aug., 1864.
Present or absent Absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: Absent Sick.
Book mark: [blank]
C. Lucas Copyist.


[image 12, which consists of three cards]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt., Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for May + June, 1864.
Present or absent Not stated
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: [blank]
Book mark: [blank]
C. Lucas Copyist.

[card 2]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt., Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Mar. + Apr., 1864.
Present or absent Absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: Absent in Hospl.
Book mark: [blank]
C. Lucas Copyist.

[card 3]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt, Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Nov + Dec, 1863.
Present or absent Absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks:
Absent sick in Hospital
Name next appears on roll for Mch + Apl. 1864
Discharged Dec 15 1863 at Chester Pa. of Phthisis Pulmonalis (Vide C of D Cas sheet) x

x as it appears on roll.

Book mark: [blank]
Geo J Drew Copyist.

[image 13, which consists of three cards]

[card 1]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt, Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Sept + Oct, 1863.
Present or absent Absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: Absent sick in Philadelphia

Book mark: [blank]
Geo J Drew Copyist.

[card 2]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt, Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for July + Aug, 1863.
Present or absent Absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: Absent Sick in Hospital Philadelphia

Book mark: [blank]
Geo J Drew Copyist.

[card 3]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt, Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for May + June, 1863.
Present or absent Absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: Absent sick in Philadelphia

Book mark: [blank]
Geo J Drew Copyist.


[image 14, which consists of three cards]

[card 1]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt, Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Feb 28 to May 10, 1863.
Present or absent Absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: Absent sick in Philadelphia

Corresponds to [blank] on file in [illegible]

Book mark: [blank]
Geo J Drew Copyist.

[card 2]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt, Co. A, 91 Reg't Pa. Infantry.
Appears on Special Muster Roll
for Apl 10, 1863.
Present or absent absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: Absent Sick in Hospital

Book mark: [blank]
Geo J Drew Copyist.

[card 3]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt, Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Jan + Feb, 1863.
Present or absent Absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks:
Absent Sick in Hospital at Philadelphia
Pay due from enlistment

Book mark: [blank]
Geo J Drew Copyist.


[image 15, which consists of three cards]

[card 1]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt, Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Nov + Dec, 1862.
Present or absent Absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: Sick in Hospital in Philadelphia

Book mark: [blank]
Geo J Drew Copyist.

[card 2]

D 91 Pa.
James Dyson
Pvt, Co. A, 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf.
Appears on
Company Muster Roll
for Sept + Oct, 1862.
Present or absent Absent
Stoppage, $[blank]
Due Gov't, $[blank]
Remarks: Pay due from Enlst
Absent with leave of Surgeon

Book mark: [blank]
E B Porter Copyist.

[card 3]

D 91 Pa.
James Dayson [sic]
Appears with rank of Pvt on
Muster and Descriptive Roll of a Detachment of U.S. Vols. forwarded
for the 91 Reg't Pennsylvania Inf. Roll dated
Phila. Pa, Sept. 20, 1862.
Where born New Haven, Conn.
Age 22 years; occupation laborer
When enlisted Sept 18, 1862.
Where enlisted Phila. Pa
For what period enlisted 3 years.
Eyes hazel; hair dark
Complexion dark; height 6 ft. [blank] in.
When mustered in [blank]
Where mustered in [blank]
Bounty paid $25 [blank]/100; due $[blank]
Where credited [blank]
Company to which assigned A
Remarks: $4 premium paid

Book mark: [blank]

Fethers Copyist.

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revised 26 Mar 14
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions