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Frederick Links

Name

According to the pension index by name, he enlisted under the alias 'Fredrick Parker' (4, 10). Perhaps he enlisted in the 7th Kentucky under that name; I have no evidence that he used that name while in the 91st.

Before the war

He was born on 3 February 1844, in Clay County, Kentucky (5, 6 [Feb 1845], 7, 8; 3 has New Jersey). He was 18 years old when he was enlisted (3, 6 [55 in 1900], 7 [66 in 1910], 8 [74 (?) in 1920]).

Description

He was 5 feet 3-3/4 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, blue eyes, and brown hair (3).

During the war

He also served in company B of the 7th Kentucky Infantry (4, 10).

He was a substitute (1, 2, 3). He was enlisted and mustered into service in the 118th Pennsylvania Infantry on 15 October 1863 (1, 2, 3, 10). He was enlisted for three years, at Scranton, Pennsylvania, by Captain Bradford (3). He was mustered in company I of the 118th Pennsylvania (2, 10).

He was a prisoner from 2 June 1864 to February 1865 (2).

On 2 June 1865, he was transferred from the 118th Pennsylvania to the 91st Pennsylvania (1, 2). He served in company H of the 91st Pennsylvania (1).

He mustered out with his company on 10 July 1865 (1, 10).

After the war

On 7 August 1890, he applied successfully from Kansas for a pension (4, 10).

On 16 February 1873, he married Paulina Josephine Dugan, in Alma, Crawford County, Arkansas (5, 6, 7). (She was born on 13 December 1854, in Alma, Crawford County, Arkansas, to Thomas C Dougan and Serinous Levonia Rodgers (5).) They had twelve children (5; 6 and 7 have 11 children 10 alive):

In 1900, he was living in Van Buren Township, Crawford County, Arkansas (6). He was a laborer (6). He was living with his wife Josephine, and their children Lila, Laura, Annia [?], Richard, George, Robert, Frank, Virgil, and Ella (6).

On 4 March 1907, he again applied for a pension (10).

In 1910, he was living in Van Buren Township, Crawford County, Arkansas (7). He was not working (7). He was living with his wife Josephine, their children Lela, Richard, George, and Ella, and their granddaughter Emma (7).

In 1920, he was living in Van Buren Township, Crawford County, Arkansas (8). He was retired (8). He was living with his wife Josephine (8).

He died on 9 July 1920, at Van Boron, Arkansas (5 [13 Dec 1920], 10).

On 26 August 1920, his widow, Pauline Josephine Links, applied successfully from Arkansas for a pension (4, 10).

In 1930, his widow, Josephine Lincks, was living at 503 North 20th Street, Van Buren, Crawford County, Arkansas (9). She was living with her daughter Laura Lewis and Laura's niece Viola Lincks (9).

Sources

1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Frederick Links)

2 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'One hundred and eighteenth regiment', volume 3, page 1338. (In the roster) (Frederick Links)

3 company H, descriptive roll, #191 (Frederick Links)

4 pension index, by name (Frederick Lincks)

5 "The Bailey & Fowler Family Trees", a gedcom on RootsWeb WorldConnect (contact: Joyce Bailey) (viewed March 2007) (George Frederick Links)

6 1900 US census, Arkansas, Crawford County, Van Buren Township [outside city], supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 61, microfilm series T623, film 56, page 279 = 7 A handwritten (Frederick Lincks)

7 1910 US census, Arkansas, Crawford County, Van Buren Township, Van Buren City, ward 3, supervisor's district 1 [?], enumeration district 16, microfilm series T624, film 48, page 204 = 2 A handwritten (Fredrick Lincks)

8 1920 US census, Arkansas, Crawford County, Van Buren City, ward 3, supervisor's district 15 [??], enumeration district 16, microfilm series T625, film 59, page 235 = 29 B handwritten (Fredrick Lincks)

9 1930 US census, Arkansas, Crawford County, Van Buren, 3rd ward, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 17-31, microfilm series T626, film 71, page 186 = 16 B handwritten (Josephine Lincks)

10 pension index, by regiment, 91st PA Infantry, company H (and second card) (Frederick Lincks alias Frederick Parker [sic])

[I did not find an entry for him in the index on <www.ancestry.com> to the 1890 veterans' census (searched March 2007)]

1900 census

[1900 US census, Arkansas, Crawford County, Van Buren Township [outside city], supervisor's district 3, enumeration district 61, microfilm series T623, film 56, page 279 = 7 A handwritten]
line2021222324252627282930
street           
house number           
dwelling number123          
family number124          
nameLincks Frederick- Josephine- Lila- Laura- Annia [?]- Richard- George- Robert- Frank- Virgil- Ella
relationshipHeadWifeDauDauDauSonSonSonSonSonDau
colorWWWWWWWWWWW
sexmfffff [sic]f [sic]mmmf
birth dateFeb 1845 [sic]Dec 1854Nov 1873June 1875July 1879Nov 1880Nov 1884June 1887Dec 1890May 1892Jan 1894
age5545262420191512986
married?MMSSSSSSSSS
# years married2727         
mother of how many children? 11         
# of children living 10         
birthplaceKentuckyArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansas
father's birthplaceKentuckyTennesseeKentuckyKentuckyKentuckyKentuckyKentuckyKentuckyKentuckyKentuckyKentucky
mother's birthplaceKentuckyAlabamaArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansas
immigration year           
# years in USA           
naturalized citizen?           
occupationLaborer          
# months not employed           
# months in school           
can readyesyesyesyesyesyesnonono  
can writeyesnoyesyesyesyesnonono  
speaks Englishyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyesyes  
owned/rentedR          
free or mortgaged           
farm/houseH          
# of farm schedule           

1910 census

[1910 US census, Arkansas, Crawford County, Van Buren Township, Van Buren City, ward 3, supervisor's district 1 [?], enumeration district 16, microfilm series T624, film 48, page 204 = 2 A handwritten]
line16171819202122
street       
house nr       
dwelling nr26      
family nr26      
nameLincks Fredrick- JosephineHawthorn [?] LelaLincks Richard- George- EllaHawthorn Emma [?]
relationshipheadwifedaughtersonsondaughtergranddaughter
sexMFFMMFF
colorWWWWWWW
age6655352726162
marital statusM1M1M1M1SSS
#years present marriage363637   
mother of # children 111    
mother of # living children 101    
birthplaceKentuckyArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansas
father's birthplaceKentuckyTennesseeKentuckyKentuckyKentuckyKentuckyArkansas
mother's birthplaceKentuckyAlabamaArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansasArkansas
immigrated       
naturalized/alien       
speaks EnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglishEnglighEnglishEnglish
occupationnonenonenoneLaborerLaborerNone[?] 
nature of industry etc.   cementing [??]odd jobs  
employer etc.   WW  
out of work 15 Apr 1910?   NoNo  
# weeks out of work 1909   1520  
can readyesyesyesyesyesyes 
can writeyes yesyesyesyes 
school since 1 Sep 09nononononono 
owned/rentedR      
owned free or mortagaged       
farm/houseH      
nr on farm schedule       
civil war vetUA      
blind       
deaf & dumb       

1920 census

[1920 US census, Arkansas, Crawford County, Van Buren City, ward 3, supervisor's district 15 [??], enumeration district 16, microfilm series T625, film 59, page 235 = 29 B handwritten]
line7576
street  
house number  
dwelling visit number568 
family visit number612 
nameLincks Fredrick- Josephine
relationshipHeadWife
own/rentO 
free/mortgaged (if owned)F 
sexMF
raceWW
age at last birthday74 [?]64
marital statusMM
year of immigration  
naturalized/alien  
year of naturalization  
attended school since Sept 1919  
can readyesyes
can writeyesyes
birth placeKentuckyArkansas
native language  
father's birthplaceUnited StatesTennessee
father's native language  
mother's birthplaceKentuckyAlabama
mother's native language  
can speak Englishyesyes
occupationRetiredNone
industry, business  
employment status  
number of farm schedule  

1930 census

[1930 US census, Arkansas, Crawford County, Van Buren, 3rd ward, supervisor's district 1, enumeration district 17-31, microfilm series T626, film 71, page 186 = 16 B handwritten]
line878889
streetNorth 20th Street
house number503  
dwelling visit #395  
family visit #423  
nameLewis, LauraLincks, Viola- Josephine
relationHeadNieceMother
owned/rentedO  
value or rent1500  
radio   
farmNo[check mark][check mark]
sexFFF
colorWWW
age531475
married?WdSWd
age 1st marriage   
school/college since 9/29NoYesNo
can read & writeYesYesYes
birthplaceArkansasArkansasArkansas
father's birthplaceKentuckyArkansasTennessee
mother's birthplaceArkansasArkansasAlabama
native language   
immigration year   
naturalization   
can speak EnglishYesYesYes
occupationNoneNoneNone
industry   
worker class   
at work yesterday   
unemployment schedule #   
veteran?   
war   
farm schedule #   

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revised 9 Dec 08
contact Harry Ide at hide1@unl.edu with comments or questions