He was born in 1820/21 (2 (40 in 1861)).
He enlisted and was mustered into service, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 10 October 1861 (1, 2 [18 Oct]). He was mustered in, as a private in company I (1, 2, 3).
1 Bates, Samuel Penniman. History of Pennsylvania volunteers, 1861-5. Harrisburg: B. Singerly, state printer, 1869-71. 5 volumes. 'Ninety-first regiment', volume 3, pages 186-233. (In the roster) (Charles Shilling)
2 Civil War Veterans' Card File, available at the Pennsylvania State Archives, searched 31 March 2005 (Charles Shilling)
3 index to compiled service records of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Pennsylvania (Charles Shilling)
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