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Georgia Artillery Units


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Some of the information on this page came from the Preliminary Guide to Georgia Artillery Units compiled by Willard E. Wight.


9th Battalion Georgia Volunteer Artillery
  Maj. Austin Leyden
Co. A Leyden Artillery Elias Holcomb
William Barnes
Fulton
Co. B Fulton Artillery William W. Sentell
Hardy J. Randall
John Isom
Fulton
Co. C   George W. Atkinson
A. M. Wolihim
Muscogee
Co. D Gwinnett Artillery Tyler M. Peeples Gwinnett
Co. E   Benjamin F. Wyly
Billington W. York
William S. Everett
Fulton
This Battalion was organized in February 1862.
 
11th Battlalion Georgia Volunteer Artillery
Sumter [Flying] Artillery Col. Allen Sherrod Cutts
Col. W. H. Pendleton
Maj. John Lane
Co. A Sumter Flying Artillery Allen Sherrod Cutts
Hugh M. Ross
L. E. Spivey
Sumter
Co. B   John V. Price
George M. Patterson
Sumter
1st Co. C   C. P. Crawford Sumter
This company was combined with Co. B by S.O. #167, A&IGO (19 July 1862).
2nd Co. C Irwin Artillery
Irwin Guards
Gideon G. Norman
John Lane
John T. Wingfield
Wilkes
This company was formed as Co. A, 9th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry, was converted into an artillery company, and relieved from duty 12 December 1861. On 13 December 1861 it became Co. E, 11th Battalion Georgia Volunteer Artillery. It later became then 2nd Co. C, 11th Battalion Georgia Volunteer Artillery in October 1862.
Co. D   James A. Blackshear Sumter
This company was broken up, the men were distributed among the remaining three companies, and the officers were assigned to conscript duty in Georgia by S.O. #209, HQ ANV (4 October 1862).
This Battalion was formed from the independent companies commanded by Captains Cutts, Price, Crawford and Blackshear, by S.O. 118, A&IGO (23 May 1862).
 
12th Battalion Georgia Light Artillery    
    Lt. Col. Henry D. Capers
1st Co. A Oglethorpe Artillery Joseph V. H. Allen Richmond
Most of this company was formerly in Co. D, 1st (Ramsey's) Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry, which disbanded 15 March 1862. The company was transferred out of the 12th Battalion Georgia Light Artillery to the 13th Battalion Georgia Infantry about October or November 1862. In December 1862 that battalion was increased in size to regimental strength and became known as Gordon's Regiment, which subsequently became the 63rd Regiment Georgia Infantry. This company became Co. A, Oglethorpe Infantry, 63rd Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry.
2nd Co. A Newman Artillery George M. Hanvey James W. Anderson Coweta
Most of this company was formerly in Co. A, 1st (Ramsey's) Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry, which disbanded 15 March 1862. This company was originally Co. B.
2nd Co. B   Samuel H. Crump Richmond
This company was formerly companies C and E. It was divided on 28 December 1862 to form 2nd Co D and Co F.
2nd Co. C [3rd Co. B] John W. Rudisill Washington
Most of this company was formerly in Co. E 1st (Ramsey's) Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry, which disbanded 15 March 1862. This company was formerly companies B and D. As 2nd Co C it was divided on 28 Dec 1862 and formed Newsome's Battery 3rd Co. E and Rudisill's 3rd Co. B.
3rd Co. C   George W. Johnson DeKalb
This company was formerly companies E and D. 1st Co.C, 2nd Co. E and 3rd Co. C. It was detached by S.O. #10, Headquarters South Carolina, Georgia and Florida (10 January 1863) to become a part of the Siege Train.
2nd Co. D   James N. Taliaferro Richmond
This company was formed by the division of 2nd Co. B (Crump's Battery).
3rd Co. E   John J. Newsome Washington
This company was formed by the division of 2nd Co. C (Rudisill's Battery) on 28 Dec 1862.
Co. F   George M. Hood Richmond
This company was formed by the division of 2nd Co. B (Crump's Battery) on 28 December 1862 by order of HQ Dept SC, GA and FL.
This battalion was organized in May 1862, and was composed primarily of men who had been enlisted in the 1st (Ramsey's) Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry. Ramsey's Infantry was disbanded on 15 March 1862 at the expiration of its twelve month term of service.
 
14th Battalion Georgia Light Artillery
Montgomery Battalion Artillery Maj. Joseph T. Montgomery
Maj. Joseph Palmer
Co. A Southern Rights Battery
State's Rights Battery
Joseph Palmer
M. W. Havis
Houston
This company later became Havis' Battery Georgia, Light Artillery.
Co. B Pulaski Artillery Thomas H. Dawson
Sidney A. Moses
Ruel Wooten Anderson
Pulaski
This company was originally Capt. T.H. Dawson's Company. Later it served as an independent battery (Anderson's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery) and with the 1st (Eldridge's) Battalion Light Artillery, Robertson's Battalion Artillery, 1st Battalion Reserve Artillery, and Palmer's Battalion Reserve Artillery.
Co. C   Coleman B. Ferrell Troup
This company later became Ferrell's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery.
Co. D Mountaineers E. R. King Polk
This company later became King's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery.
Co. E Arkansas Horse Artillery
Clark County Light Artillery
Franklin Roberts
Jannedens H. Wiggins
Arkansas
Co. F   James G. Gibson Pulaski
This company was formed 7 Oct 1862 by transfers from companies B and D. It was consolidated with King's Battery on 26 Nov 1862.
Co. G Stonewall Battery Sidney A. Moses Houston, Troup
This company was formed with transfers from companies A and C. It was consolidated with Dawson's Battery in the latter part of 1862. The consolidated Battery finally became part of Anderson's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery.
This battalion was organized about May 1862 with companies A to D. Two additional companies, F and G, appear to have been organized with transfers from the four existing companies in October 1862. Captain Wiggins' Battery, Arkansas Light Artillery was temporarily assigned to this battalion. The battalion appears to have been disbanded in late 1862 or early 1863. Afterward, the companies operated as independent batteries.
 
22nd Battalion Georgia Heavy Artillery    
Siege Artillery Lt. Col. William R. Pritchard
Co. A Bartow Artillery Ambrose C. Dunn
Thomas D. Bertody
James M. Campbell
George R. Niles
Spalding
Originally this company was Co. A, 4th (Stiles') Battalion Georgia Volunteer Infantry. It later became Co. A, 60th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry, before being transferred to the 22nd Battalion Georgia Heavy Artillery.
Co. B Wise Guards Mark J. McMullan
Daniel A. Smith
Macon
This company was originally attached to the 1st Regiment, Wise Legion (46th Regiment Virginia Infantry). The company was ordered to report as a company of the 4th Battalion Virginia Infantry by S.O. #236 (23 Nov 1861). The battalion was never formed and the company was ordered back to Georgia, by S.O. #242 (27 Nov 1861). This company became 1st Co. K, 25th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry, and finally became Co B of the 22nd Battalion Georgia Heavy Artillery by S.O. #652 HQ District of Georgia (26 Nov 1862).
Co. C   John Lamar
Joseph A. Beals
Chatham
This company was formerly Co. A of the Oglethorpe Siege Artillery Battalion.
Co. D   Green F. Oliver
R. J. Nunn
James Manning
Chatham
This company was formerly Co. B of the Oglethorpe Siege Artillery Battalion.
Co. E Montgomery Guards Lawrence J. Guilmartin
Christopher Hussey
Chatham
This company was formerly an independent company known first as Guilmartin's (later Hussey's) Battery, Georgia Artillery, and was temporarily attached to 1st (Olmstead's) Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry.
Co. F Emmett Rifles Augustus Bonaud
George A. Nichol
Chatham
This company was formerly an independent company known as Bonaud's Battery, Georgia Artillery, and was temporarily attached to 1st (Olmstead's) Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry.
Co. G   Francis T. Cullens Clay, Florida, Alabama
This company was Co. A of Cobb's Guards, Georgia Infantry and was temporarily assigned to this battalion.
Co. H   Richard A. Turnipseed Clay, Florida, Alabama
This company was Co. B of Cobb's Guards, Georgia Infantry and was temporarily assigned to this battalion.
This battalion was organized by S.O. #652, HQ, District of Georgia (dated 26 November 1862, Savannah, GA).
 
28th Battalion Georgia Siege Artillery
  Maj Augustus Bonaud
  See Co. F, 22nd Battalion Georgia Heavy Artillery
Co. A   Joseph A. Cotten Bibb
Co. B   D. B. Fickling
F. A. Abbott
Muscogee
Co. C   Charles P. Crawford
Julien Ransom (Ransone)
Bibb, Lee,
Sumter, Terrell
Co. D   Jordan Wilcher Bibb, Muscogee
Co. E   Malcolm T. McGregor multiple
Co. F   James R. Blount multiple
It appears this company was attached to the 11th Regiment Florida Infantry in early 1865.
Co. G Yancey Siege Artillery John D. Godwin Muscogee
Co. H   Thomas J. Key Muscogee, Alabama
This company was formerly Co. C, 20th Battalion Alabama Artillery. Some of the men in this company were transfers from the 3rd Regiment Georgia Volunteer Cavalry.
Co. I   R. J. Bishop multiple
Co. K Mercer Artillery A. J. MacCarthy Dougherty, Lowndes
Some of the men in this company were transfers from the 4th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Cavalry.
This battalion was organized in September 1863 as Siege Artillery. From January 1864 till the end of the war it acted as infantry. About Arpil 1865 it was consolidated with the 47th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry and the 1st Regiment Georgia Regular Infantry to form the 1st (Consolidated) Regiment Georgia Regular Infantry.
 
Anderson's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
Pulaski Artillery Capt. Sidney A. Moses
Capt. Thomas H. Dawson
Capt. Ruel Wooten Anderson
This company was originally Capt. T.H. Dawson's Company.  It was attached to Montgomery's Battalion, which became Co. B, 14th Battalion Georgia Light Artillery. The battalion was disbanded about October 1862, and this company served as an independent battery (Anderson's Battery Georgia Light Artillery) with 1st (Eldridge's) Battalion Light Artillery, Robertson's Battalion Artillery, 1st Battalion Reserve Artillery, and Palmer's Battalion Reserve Artillery.
 
Capt. Baker's Battery, Local Defense Troops
Dawson Artillery Capt. Robert B. Baker
This company was organized for local defense of the city of Columbus and vicinity on 5 July 1864 at the request of Maj. George O. Dawson.  The company was composed of men exempt from active duty in the field either in State or Confederate units.
 
Capt. Barnwell's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
  Capt. A. S. Barnwell
This company was organized on 12 March 1864 and served temporally as Co. C, Maxwell's Battalion, Regular Light Artillery.
 
Capt. Brooks' Company, Terrell Light Artillery, Georgia Volunteers
Terrell Light Artillery Capt. Edgar G. Dawson
Capt. John W. Brooks
 
Capt. Campbell's Independent Company, Siege Artillery, Georgia Volunteers
Campbell Siege Artillery Capt. Charles G. Campbell
 
Capt. Carlton's Company, Georgia Artillery
Troup Artillery Capt. Marcellus Stanley
Capt. Henry Hull Carlton
Clarke
This company was organized originally in 1858 as the National Artillery. When the war broke out the company was mustered into service as an independent company of artillery. The name of the company was changed to the Troup Artillery in honor of George M. Troup, a former governor of Georgia. They were attached to the 2nd Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry for one month before being relieved from this duty, and became an independent company again. The company was transferred to Cobb's Georgia Legion around November 1861. They were later relieved from duty from with the Legion becoming an independent company once more.  The company was reorganized in April 1863 and attached to Cabell's Artillery Battalion, which was a temporary organization composed of batteries from several States.  This company served until the end of the war. (This sketch is based on information provided by William S. Smedlund.)
 
Chestatee Artillery
  Capt. Thomas H. Bomar
Capt. William Hendrix
Capt. Ira O. McDaniel
 
This company served as Co. N, 38th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry.
 
Capt Clinch's Battery, Georgia Artillery
  Capt. Nicholas B. Clinch
This battery was raised and organized by authority of the Secretary of War from the dismouted men of the 4th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Cavalry and non-conscripts. The battery was manned by details from the regiment from February 1863, but organization was not completed until the election of officers on 1 December 1863.
 
Capt. Croft's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
Columbus [Light] Artillery Capt. Edward Croft
This battery was organized 27 Nov 1861.
 
Daniell's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
  Capt. Charles Daniell
This battery was organized 18 November 1863 and served temporarily as Co. B, Maxwell's Battalion, Regular Light Artillery. Some of the men in this battery were transferred to Wagener's Company, South Carolina Light Artillery after 31 December 1864.
 
Capt. Ferrell's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
  Capt. Coleman B. Ferrell
This battery served as Co. C, 14th Battalion Georgia Light Artillery until around December 1862. Soon afterwards it became an independent battery and served in Roddey's command in north Alabama.
 
Capt Fraser's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
Pulaski Artillery Capt. John P. W. Read
Capt. John C. Fraser
This battery was originally 1st Co. K, 10th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry, and was transferred out of the 10th to serve as an independent battery by S.O. #70, A&IGO (27 March 1862). It was temporarily attached as Co. K or L of the 1st Virginia Artillery.
 
Georgia Floating Battery
This was the C.S.S. Georgia stationed a mile and a quarter below Fort Jackson. (Confederate Military History, vol. 6, pg. 206; War of the Rebellion I, 14, pg. 455) and information from Talley Kirkland.
 
Guerard's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
  Capt. John M. Guerard
This battery was origanized about October 1863.
 
Hamilton's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
  Capt. S. P. Hamilton
This company was originally organized as Co. A, 1st Regiment Georgia Regular Infantry and was reorganized as an artillery battery by order of the War Department on 24 July 1861.  The battery was disbanded by S.O. #163 A&IGO (15 July 1862) and the non-commissioned offcers and privates were transferred to the 1st Regiment Georgia Regular Infantry.  Some of these men served subsequently with Milledge's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery, Fraser's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery and Page's Virginia Battery.
 
Capt. Hanleiter's Battery, Georgia Artillery
Jo Thompson Artillery Capt. Lewis J. Parr
Capt. Cornelius R. Hanleiter
This company was attached to the 38th Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry on 26 September 1861 and served successively as Co. F, K, and M. It was detached to serve as an independent barrety of artillery on 10 June 1862.
 
Havis' Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
Southern Rights Battery Capt. Joseph Palmer
Capt. M. W. Havis
This battery served originally in Montgomery's Battalion, which became 14th Battalion Georgia Light Artillery. The battalion was disbanded about October 1862 and this company served as an independent battery with Robertson's Battalion Artillery, and Palmer's Battalion Reserve Artillery.
 
Capt. Howard's Independent Company, Georgia Siege Artillery
  Capt. Charles Wallace Howard
This company was raised as an independent company of siege artillery and was stationed at Thunderbolt battery near Savannah, Georgia. The company was assigned to the 63rd Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry on 1 May 1864.
 
Howell's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
Sam Robinson Artillery Capt. Robert Martin
Capt. Evan P. Howell
This battery was originally part of Martin's Battalion, Georgia Light Artillery.
 
Hudson's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
Atlanta Arsenal Battery Capt. C. C. Campbell
Capt. John H. Hudson
This battery was organized on 1 August 1863 to serve as local defense.
 
King's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
  Capt. E. R. King
This battery served originally as Co. D, Montgomery's Battalion, and became Co. D, 14th Battalion Georgia Light Artillery. The battalion was disbanded about October 1862.  Part of the battery was assigned to Massenburg's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery by S.O. #105, General Bragg (8 May 1863).  Part of this battery was consolidated with Co. F, 2nd Battalion Alabama Artillery , some of the men in this battery were transferred to Havis' Battery, Georgia Light Artillery, and some were assigned to Barret's Missouri Battery about December 1863.
 
Lumpkin's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
  Capt. Edward P. Lumpkin
This battery served in Young's Battalion Artillery, Palmer's Battalion Reserve Artillery, and was paroled as part of Kemper's Battalion on 26 April 1865 in Athens, Georgia.
 
Capt. Massenburg's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
Jackson Artillery Capt. George A. Dure
Capt. Thomas L. Massenburg
This battery was organized 18 September 1861  in Savannah for six months service, but served throughout the war. A part of King's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery was assigned to this battery by S.O. #105 by General Bragg (8 May 1863).
 
Maxwell's Battalion, Regular Light Artillery
  Capt. J.A. Maxwell
Co. A   J.A. Maxwell  
Co. B Daniell's Battery Charles Daniell  
Co. C Capt. Barnwell's Battery A. S. Barnwell  
On 17 September 1863 Capt. Maxwell was granted authority by the Secretary of War to raise two additional companies of artillery to combine with his own to form a battalion of artillery. One company was mustered on 18 November 1863 and the other was mustered on 12 March 1864.  The battalion was subsequently dissolved because the War Department refused to recognize any battalion of of artillery, and the companies served as independent companies.
 
Capt. Milledge's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
  Capt. Foster Blodgett, Jr
Capt. John Milledge, Jr
This battery was organized about March 1861 as 1st Co. I, 3rd Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry.  It was deteached to serve as an independent battery of artillery by S.O. #242, Headquarters of the Forces, Richmond, VA (5 August 1861).  It later served with a variety of units including the 2nd Battalion Reserve Artillery, 3rd Battalion Reserve Artillery, and Nelson's Battalion Reserve Artillery before becoming an independent battery again.
 
Moore's Battery, Georgia Troops
  Capt. R. D. Moore
This battery was organized, probably in July 1864, to serve as local defense in Athens and its vicinity.
 
Oglethorpe Siege Artillery Battalion
   
Co. A   John Lamar
Joseph A. Beals
Chatham
Co. B   Green F. Oliver
R. J. Nunn
James Manning
Chatham
Companies A and B became companies C and D, respectively, of the 22nd Battalion Georgia, Heavy Artillery.
 
Capt. Pritchard's Company, Georgia Light Artillery
Washington Artillery Capt. Isadore P. Girardey
Capt. J. R. B. Burtwell
Capt. Edward E. Pritchard
Most of the members of this battery had served in 1st Co. F, a 1st Confederate Regiment Infantry.
 
Purden's Battery, Georgia Artillery, State Troops
  Capt. W. H. Pruden
This battery was probably organized about May 1864 in Atlanta.
 
Ritter's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
Stephens Light Artillery Capt. John B. Rowan
Capt. William L. Ritter
Originally this battery was the 3rd Battery of Maryland Artillery mustered into service 14 January 1862.  It was reorganized in September or October 1863 as Stephens Light Artillery and the organization was credited to the State of Georgia.
 
Scogin's Battery
[Gibson's] Church Bell Battery
Griffin Light Artillery
Capt. O. C. Gibson
Capt. John Scogin
This battery was organized 7 May 1862 in Griffin, Georgia.
 
Siege Train, Georgia
  Maj. George L. Buist
Johnson's Co.   George W. Johnson DeKalb
This battery was originally Co. C, 12th Battalion Georgia Light Artillery.
Gilchrist's Co. Gist Guard   South Carolina
Melcher's Co. Co. B, German Artillery   South Carolina
Mathewes' Co.    J. Raven Mathewes Habersham
This unit was organized by S.O. #10, Headquarters South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida (10 January 1863).  It was formed from Co. C, 12th Battalion Georgia Light Artillery (Johnson's Company) and three batteries from Manigault's Battalion, South Carolina Artillery.
 
Slaten's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
Macon Light Artillery Capt. Henry N. Ells
Capt. Charles W. Slaten
This battery was organized 3 May 1862 and served at various times as a part of Phillip's Legion, Lightfoot's Battalion Artillery, Haskell's Battalion Artillery, and Moseley's Battalion Artillery.
 
Capt. Stanley's Company, Georgia Light Artillery
Troup Artillery .
See Capt. Carlton's Company, Georgia Artillery
Capt. Steadman's Company, Georgia Light Artillery
Gwinnett Tigers Enoch Steadman Gwinnett
This company was organized in July 1863 and composed of persons in the employ of the Gwinnett Manufacturing Company for the defense of Covington, Monroe, Jefferson, Gainesville, Cumming, Roswell, and Atlanta, but only to repulse a raid or raids of the enemy.
Stovall's Battalion Artillery, 4th Brigade, Georgia State Troops
Lt. Col. Marcellus A. Stovall
Co. 1 Cherokee Light Artillery Marcellus A. Stovall
James G. Yeiser
Floyd
This company became Co. A,, 3rd Battalion Georgia Volunteer Infantry, but was detached from the 3rd Battalion Georgia Volunteer Infantry in January or February 1863 to act as an independent battery of artillery known as Capt. van den Corput's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery.
Co. 2 Spring Place Volunteers N. A. Meger
Robert E. Wilson
Murray
This company became Co. B, 3rd Battalion Georgia Volunteer Infantry.
Co. 3 Dixie Guards Lyman Griswold Early
Co. 4 Whitfield Brown Infantry C. E. Broyles Whitfield
This battalion was organized May 1861, and reorganized 11 June 1861 becoming the 3rd Battalion Georgia Volunteer Infantry.
Symon's Independent Battery, Heavy Artillery, 3rd Brigade, Georgia State Troops
Chatham Siege Artillery William R. Symon Chatham
This battery was organized 24 February 1862 to serve for 6 months.
 
Capt. Tiller's Company, Georgia Volunteers
Echols Light Artillery Capt. John H. Tiller Oglethorpe
This company was organized 3 May 1863.
 
Capt. van den Corput's Battery, Georgia Light Artillery
Cherokee Light Artillery Capt. James G. Yeiser
Capt. Max van der Corput
Floyd
This battery was formerly Co. A, 3rd Battalion Georgia Volunteer Infantry but was detached in January or February 1863 to act as an independent battery of artillery.  This battery was composed of men from Floyd County.
 
Capt. Wheaton's Company, Georgia Light Artillery
Chatham Artillery Capt. Joseph S. Claghorn
Capt. J. F. Wheaton
Chatham
This company was organized in 1 August 1861 as Claghorn's Company, 1st Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry for 12 months service. It was eliminated from this regiment on reorganization in October 1862 and became an independent company of artillery.