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Georgia Confederate Units

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Disclaimer:  I have recently learned that information similar to that appearing on my web site has been published.

Organizational Summary of Military Organizations from Georgia in the Confederate States of America.
by Thomas E. Lyle, Larry O. Blair, and Debra S. Lyle
1999, Byrons Printing, Louisville, Tennessee

This book is a direct transcription of type-written documents (Much of this work was done by Willard E. Wight) that have existed in the Georgia Department of Archives and History since the 1960's. Additional information from the Compiled Service Records was added by the authors to the transcript. I have taken no information from this book in order to compile my  webpage. I used the same original documents the authors of this book used when I started compiling myweb page. However, I realized the original transcript in the Georgia Archives contained multiple errors so I cross-checked my information with other sources including US census records for the State of Georgia from 1850 to 1870, the records of the Georgia Department of Confederate Pensions and Records, original muster rolls, and miscellaneous Confederate records held at the Georgia Archives. I believe the information on this web page is more accurate.

As some of you will have noticed this site has been off-line for a couple of months. This was due to problems with my former ISP and how they wanted to bill me for their services. I didn't like the arrangement they proposed and looked for an alternative site to host my web page. In the ensuing "discussions" I lost some of my information and I am having to re-create some of the information posted on my old web page.

Prove me wrong!

If I have made any errors on this webpage email me your proof.

Among the most dreaded words to be uttered by someone trying to find their Georgia Confederate ancestor are, "My ancestor was in the First Georgia." This is because there are over 30 First Georgia Units. Tracking Georgia Confederates is no easier. It is possible for a single soldier to have served in multiple regiments and battalions. I created this site to help researchers trying to understand the organization of Georgia Confederate Units. My research has shown that Georgia Confederate Companies were almost like living creatures, that is, Georgia Confederate Companies combine with other companies to form regiments and battalions, then these regiments and battalions would break-up and the resulting companies would regroup and form new regiments and battalions. There was an ebb and flow among Georgia Confederate Units, and this page attempts to show some of this evolution among these units throughout the War.

A lot of information can be found about various Georgia Confederate Units. The information found on these links is on the organizational structure of a unit, its activities during the war, company rosters or muster rolls. My webpage does not attempt to reproduce that information, rather it attempts to bring together information about the companies that compose these units.  The types of information presented can be seen in the table below.  I will also attempt to gather information on every Confederate unit that served from Georgia. This information comes primarily from the compiled service records, muster rolls, the records of the Department of Confederate Pensions and Records, miscellaneous unit information at the Georgia Department of Archives and History, and the War of the Rebellion Journal. I also have a list of some of the microfilms, which contain information about Georgia Confederates.  The information on these units is best viewed with a maximized page.  If you don't then everything tends to go north.  The best way to search for unit information on a page is to use your browser's search function.

The information is organized as follows:
The unit's designation1
The unit's nicknames2 The commanding officers
The company designation The company's nicknames2 The company's captains3 The counties from which the men came.4
Additional information about a company may be found in a smaller font and italicized.
Finally, if any information exists on the evolution of the unit it will be found here.  The limits of operations will also be given for units that operated within the boundaries of the state of Georgia.5

1 A unit's designation will appear as blue text. If there is a hyperlink to an etext  file about a unit the unit's designation will be underlined.

2 Sometimes optional information will be presented inside square brackets [].  For example, the 11th Battalion Georgia Volunteer Artillery was known as the Sumter Flying Artillery and the Sumter Artillery.  In the information about the 11th Battalion its nickname is listed as the Sumter [Flying] Artillery.

3 The ranks of company captains are not given unless a company was captained by a lieutenant or sergeant. This did happen late in the war.

4 Some men came from other states.

5 Not all the information mentioned in this table is known about every Georgia Confederate unit.

The only men included on my website are the men who were the commanding officers ofthe various regiments, battalions, and companies listed on this site. While it might be possible to list every person who served in a Georgia Confederate Unit, but it is not practical to do so.


Artillery


Cavalry


Infantry


Legions


Partisan Rangers


Miscelaneous
Units

Before the outbreak of the Confederate War the militia in Georgia was organized by military district into divisions.  There were 13 military divisions of militia in the State, each containing 2 brigades.  The 13 divisions contained at least 124 regiments and 342 battalions. The regiments and battalions were composed of at least 1162 district companies from the military districts within the State. By the middle of 1862 there were 154 regiments and 1257 district companies.  These companies were organized as companies of infantry, cavalry, and artillery.  In addition there were at least 114 volunteer companies.  When the war broke out these companies became the backbone of Confederate forces in Georgia, and although many of these companies entered into Confederate service, the structure of the Georgia State militia remained intact.  In fact, during the Atlanta Campaign the State furnished General Joseph Johnston with four brigades of Georgia militia under the command of Major General Gustavus W. Smith.

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The clipart images used on these pages came from the Savage-Goodner Camp #1513, SCV in Tennessee.


Last updated 10 August 2005.