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June 30, 2002
Can you identify this 1st Army patch? Click here.

Aug. 12, 2002
Can you identify this patch? e-mail me. Click here.

Data on U.S. Army Divisions during World War I

Also see at this web site: 
"American Decorations and Insignia of Honor and Service" by Robert E. Wyllie
WWI Shoulder Patches / Sleeve Insignia
American Expeditionary Forces, A. E. F. -- Distinctive Insignia of US Army 1917 - 1919
WWI United States Military Insignia and Badges
Maps related to World War I - including Military Map of the United States and Canada

Print out a text file version of the basic information contained on this web page: Divisions-data.rtf (rich-text format)

If you have a shoulder patch of the Divisions listed below, please send me a copy of it (or them) to add to this web page. Or, if you have a better image of a shoulder patch or a variation of it, please send them in, too. I will give you credit for contributing. I think that some of the ones that I'm using were slightly modified by units from the standard shoulder patch of the entire Division. Thanks, P. Darlene McClendon, webmaster: (I won't be accepting email probably for the rest of the year because I'm very, very busy! I have been swamped with requests.)

Unless specified otherwise, all WWI Shoulder Patches / Sleeve Insignia used on this web page were collected in 1918-1919 by Pauline Waring Herrick (1881-1935) while a Member of the YMCA AEF Relief Commission Brest, France.

Note: You may have to reload the web pages several times to get all the images to load because of slow connection speed, servers "timing out" and assorted reasons. Or, just "right click" on them and select "Show Picture."


Table of Contents:

Organization Chart for the U.S. ARMY (American Expeditionary Forces, AEF):

General Headquarters (Gen. Hdqtrs. or GHQ)
1st, 2nd and 3rd Armies
I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, and X Corps
Divisions (see below)
Special Units: Air Service (Aviation Force or Corps), First Marine Aviation Force, Tank Corps (The 301st Tank Battalion was the 1st to reach France.), Motor Transport Corps, Signal Corps, Ordinance Corps, Trench Mortar Service, Camouflage Corps, Quartermaster Corps, Corps of Engineers, Service of Supply, Advance Section Service of Supply, Chemical Warfare Service, Ambulance Service, Hospital Corps, Army Postal Service (a.k.a., Postal Express Service), Railheads Regulating Service, Railway Artillery Reserve, Liaison Service, District of Paris - United States Liaison Services to French Army, Reserve Mallet, Central Records Office, Camp Pontanezen, North Russian Expedition, Siberian A. E .F., etc.

(To each Division add train units, same No. as Engineers.)

Also see: "American Decorations and Insignia of Honor and Service" by Robert E. Wyllie from National Geographic Magazine - December 1919, Volume XXXVI, Number Six; pages 502 - 526.

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First, 1st Division (Regulars)
Nickname: The Big Red One Division
16th, 18th, 26th, 28th Infantry (Inf.)
5th, 6th, 7th Artillery (Art.)
1st, 2nd, 3rd Machine Gun (M. G.)
1st Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: W. L. Sibert, R. L. Bullard, C. P. Summerall, Frank Parker.
Engaged: Cantigny, Soissons, St. Mihiel, Argonne, Rhine.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

First, 1st Division (Regulars). Nickname: The Big Red One Division


Second
, 2nd Division (Regulars and Marines)
Nickname: Indian Head Division
9th, 23rd Infantry (Inf.)
12th, 15th, 17th Artillery (Art.)
4th, 5th, 6th Machine Gun (M. G.)
2nd Engineers (Eng.)
5th, 6th Marines
Generals Commanding: Omar Bundy, J. G. Harbord, J. A. LeJeune.
Engaged: Bouresches, Belleau Wood, Chateau Thierry, St. Mihiel, Argonne, Rhine.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Second, 2nd Division (Regulars and Marines). Nickname: Indian Head Division

Ron BLEDSOE sent in his uncle's shoulder patch. (The Indianhead looks like an apple on this one.):

Click on patch to see a larger version of it.

Ron BLEDSOE uncle's, Charles STRUCKEN's, was with K Co. 9th Regiment (3rd Infantry Brigade) of the 2nd Inf. Div. He enlisted June 21, 1915 in Wellsville, NY. He fought in Verdun, Chateau-Thierry, and Soissons. He was badly wounded July 18, 1918 in Soissons. See page 511 of "American Decorations and Insignia of Honor and Service" by Robert E. Wyllie for a description of the 2nd Division.

Webmaster's notes: His patch seems to indicate that he was in the 23 Infantry Regiment, not the 9th, but maybe they moved him around? According to page 511: The red background (instead of the today's black background) meant he was in the First Battalion and the circle (instead of the today's shield) meant he was in the Twenty-third Infantry Regiment. I don't know the significance of the star being black and not white, nor what the white inside the red circle means.


Third, 3rd Division (Regulars)
Nickname: Marne Division
4th, 7th, 30th, 38th Infantry (Inf.)
10th, 18th, 76th Artillery (Art.)
7th, 8th, 9th Machine Gun (M. G.)
6th Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: Jos. Dickman, Preston Brown, R. L. Howze.
Engaged: Chateau Thierry, Jaulgonne, Mt. St. Pere, Argonne, Meuse, Rhine.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Third, 3rd Division (Regulars). Nickname: Marne Division Picture provided by the grandson of WWI vet James Filipek, Corporal, Co. C 4th Inf.


Fourth, 4th Division (Regulars)
Nickname: Ivy Division
39th, 47th, 58th, 59th Infantry (Inf.)
13th, 16th, 77th Artillery (Art.)
10th, 11th, 12th Machine Gun (M. G.)
4th Engineers (Eng.)
Major Generals Commanding: John L. Hines, M. L. Hersey.
Engaged: Chateau Thierry, Ourcq Heights, Vesle, Argonne, Rhine.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Fourth, 4th Division (Regulars). Nickname: Ivy Division


Fifth, 5th Division (Regulars)
Nickname: Red Diamond Division
6th, 11th, 60th, 61st Infantry (Inf.)
19th, 20th, 21st Artillery (Art.)
13th, 14th, 15th Machine Gun (M. G.)
7th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Hanson E. Ely.
Engaged: St. Mihiel, Argonne, Meuse, Rhine.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Fifth, 5th Division (Regulars). Nickname: Red Diamond Division


Sixth, 6th Division (Regulars)
Nickname: Sight-seeing Sixth Division
51st, 52nd, 53rd, 54th Infantry (Inf.)
3rd, 11th, 78th Artillery (Art.)
16th, 17th, 18th Machine Gun (M. G.)
318th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: W. H. Gordon.
In Reserve at St. Dizier.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Sixth, 6th Division (Regulars). Nickname: Sight-seeing Sixth Division


Seventh, 7th Division (Regulars)
Nickname: Hourglass Division
34th, 55th, 56th, 64th Infantry (Inf.)
8th, 78th, 89th Artillery (Art.)
19th, 20th, 21st Machine Gun (M. G.)
5th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Edmund Wittenmyer.
In Reserve at St. Dizier.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Seventh, 7th Division (Regulars). Nickname: Hourglass Division


Eighth, 8th Division (Regulars)
Nickname: Pathfinder Division
8th, 12th, 13th, 62nd Infantry (Inf.)
2nd, 81st, 83rd Artillery (Art.)
22nd, 23rd, 24th Machine Gun (M. G.)
319th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: E. A. Helmick.
Reached France as armistice signed.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Eighth, 8th Division (Regulars). Nickname: Pathfinder Division


Tenth, 10th Division
Nickname: Devil? Division
? Infantry (Inf.)
? Artillery (Art.)
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
This Division did not make it to France.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:


Eleventh, 11th Division
Nickname: Lafayette Division
? Infantry (Inf.)
? Artillery (Art.)
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
Not deployed?
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:


Twelfth, 12th Division
Nickname: Plymouth Division
23rd, 24th,  Infantry (Inf.)
12th Artillery (Art.)
34th, 36th Machine Gun (M. G.)
212th Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: Major - General Henry P. McCain (Aug. 20, 1918 - Jan. 31, 1919, from formation to disbandment)
Other Commanders: 23rd Infantry Brigade Commander: Brigadier - General John N. Hodges; 24th Infantry Brigade Commander: Brigadier - General John E. Woodward; 12th Field Artillery Brigade Commander: Brigadier - General G. R. Allen. 
Sources:
Roster, Plymouth (12th) Division, Camp Devens, Massachusetts, November 30, 1918
Robinson, W.J.: Forging the Sword, The Story of Camp Devens, The Rumford Press, 1920, pp 115 - 159
Steve Zolla provides the above information on the 12th Division.
Not deployed. War ended.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Graphic courtesy of Ernie Linek.

Expanded Organization Chart for the 12th Division courtesy of Steve Zolla:

23rd Infantry Brigade

36th Infantry (regulars)
73rd Infantry (draftees)
35th Machine Gun Battalion

24th Infantry Brigade

42nd Infantry (regulars)
74th Infantry (draftees)
36th Machine Gun Battalion

12th Field Artillery Brigade

34th Field Artillery
35th Field Artillery
36th Field Artillery
12th Trench Mortar Battery
12th Ammunition Train

212th Engineers

212th Field Signal Battalion

12th Division Headquarters Troop

34th Machine Gun Battalion

12th Train Headquarters

12th Supply Train
12th Sanitary Train

245th Field Hospital
246th Field Hospital
247th Field Hospital
248th Field Hospital
245th Ambulance Company
246th Ambulance Company
247th Ambulance Company
248th Ambulance Company


Thirteenth, 13th Division
Nickname: Lucky 13th Division
? Infantry (Inf.)
? Artillery (Art.)
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
Not deployed?


Fourteenth, 14th Division
Nickname: Wolverine Division
? Infantry (Inf.)
? Artillery (Art.)
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
Not deployed?


Fifteenth
, 15th Division
Nickname: Rattlesnakes Division
? Infantry (Inf.)
? Artillery (Art.)
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
Not deployed?


Eighteenth, 18th Division 
Nickname: Cactus Division
? Infantry (Inf.)
? Artillery (Art.)
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
Not deployed?


Nineteenth, 19th Division (? Division)
Nickname: Moon & Star? Division (after close of war)
? Infantry (Inf.)
? Artillery (Art.)
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
Not deployed?


Twenty-sixth, 26th Division (New England National Guard)
Source No. 2: 26th (old 5) Division - Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Trained at Camp Greene in Charlotte, N. C. 
Source No. 3: 26th Division - Idaho, Wyoming, Washington, Oregon, Montana, North Dakota, part of District of Columbia, and part of South Dakota. (Obviously, there is a big different here.)
Nickname: Yankee Division
101st, 102nd, 103rd, 104th Infantry (Inf.)
101st, 102nd, 103rd Artillery (Art.)
101st, 102nd, 103rd Machine Gun (M. G.)
101st Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: Clarence R. Edwards, Frank E. Bamford, H. C. Hale.
Engaged: Seicheprey, Soissons, St. Mihiel, Rhine.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Twenty-sixth, 26th Division (New England National Guard). Nickname: Yankee Division

26th Division campaign credits courtesy of Steve Zolla:

Chemin des Dames Sector, 2/7 - 3/19/18
Toul - Boucq Sector, 3/31 - 6/19/18 (Apremont & Seicheprey)
Pas Fini Sector, 7/8 - 7/14/18
Champagne - Marne Defensive, 7/15 - 7/18/18
Aisne - Marne Offensive, 7/18 - 7/30/18
Rupt Sector, 9/5 - 9/11/18
St. Mihiel Offensive, 9/12 - 9/16/18
Troyon Sector, 9/17 - 10/8/18
Meuse - Argonne Offensive, 10/14 - 11/11/18

Source: World War I Campaign and Service Credits, Planchet Press, 1990


Twenty-seventh, 27th Division (New York National Guard)
Source No. 2: 27th (old 6) Division - New York. Trained at Camp Wadsworth in Spartanburg, S. C.
Nickname: New York Division
105th, 106th, 107th, 108th Infantry (Inf.)
104th, 105th, 106th Artillery (Art.)
104th, 105th, 106th Machine Gun (M. G.)
102nd Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: John F. O'Ryan.
Engaged: With British in Hindenburg line smash.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Twenty-seventh, 27th Division (New York National Guard). Nickname: New York Division


Twenty-eighth, 28th Division (Pennsylvania National Guard)
Source No. 2: 28th (old 7) Division - Pennsylvania. Trained at Camp Hancock in Augusta, Ga.
Nickname: Keystone Division
109th, 110th, 111th, 112th Infantry (Inf.)
107th, 108th, 109th Artillery (Art.)
107th, 108th, 109th Machine Gun (M. G.)
103rd Engineers (Eng.)
Major Generals Commanding: C. H. Muir, W. H. Hay.
Engaged: Chateau Thierry, Aisne, Argonne.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Twenty-eighth, 28th Division (Pennsylvania National Guard). Nickname: Keystone Division


Twenty-ninth, 29th Division (New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland National Guard)
Source No. 2: 29th (old 8) Division - New Jersey, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, and District of Columbia. Trained at Camp McClellan Anniston, Ala.
Nickname: Blue & Grey Division
113th, 114th, 115th, 116th Infantry (Inf.)
110th, 111th, 112th Artillery (Art.)
110th, 111th, 112th Machine Gun (M. G.)
104th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Charles L. Morton.
Engaged: Argonne.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Twenty-ninth, 29th Division (New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland National Guard). Nickname: Blue & Grey Division


Thirtieth, 30th Division (Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina National Guard)
Source No. 2: 30th (old 9) Division - Tennessee, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Trained at Camp Sevier in Greenville, S. C.
Nickname: Old Hickory Division
117th, 118th, 119th, 120th Infantry (Inf.)
113th, 114th, 115th Artillery (Art.)
113th, 114th, 115th Machine Gun (M. G.)
105th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Edward M. Lewis.
Engaged: With British in Hindenburg line smash.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Thirtieth, 30th Division (Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina National Guard). Nickname: Old Hickory Division


Thirty-first, 31st Division (Alabama, Florida, Georgia National Guard)
Source No. 2: 31st (old 10) Division - Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. Trained at Camp Wheeler in Macon, Ga.
Source No. 3: 31st Division - Georgia, Alabama, Florida, and part of Virginia.
Nickname: Dixie Division
121st, 122nd, 123rd, 124th Infantry (Inf.)
116th, 117th, 118th Artillery (Art.)
116th, 117th, 118th Machine Gun (M. G.)
106th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Leroy S. Lyon.
At Brest when armistice signed.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Thirty-first, 31st Division (Alabama, Florida, Georgia National Guard). Nickname: Dixie Division and Thirty-first, 31st Division (Alabama, Florida, Georgia National Guard). Nickname: Dixie Division


Thirty-second, 32nd Division (Wisconsin and Michigan National Guard)
Source No. 2: 32nd (old 11) Division - Michigan and Wisconsin. Trained at Camp MacArthur in Waco, Tex.
Nickname: Red Arrow Division
125th, 126th, 127th, 128th Infantry (Inf.)
119th, 120th, 121st Artillery (Art.)
119th, 120th, 121st Machine Gun (M. G.)
107th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: W. G. Haan, R. L. Howze.
Engaged: Grimpettes Wood, Bellevue Farm, Fismes, Argonne, Rhine.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Thirty-second, 32nd Division (Wisconsin and Michigan National Guard). Nickname: Red Arrow Division


Thirty-third, 33rd Division (Illinois National Guard)
Source No. 2: 32nd (old 11) - typo, should be 33rd (old 12) Division - Illinois. Trained at Camp Logan. Houston, Tex. 
Nickname: Prairie Division
129th, 130th, 131st, 132nd Infantry (Inf.)
122nd, 123rd, 124th Artillery (Art.)
122nd, 123rd, 124th Machine Gun (M. G.)
108th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: George Bell, Jr.
Engaged: Hamel, St. Mihiel, Chipilly, Argonne, Meuse.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Thirty-third, 33rd Division (Illinois National Guard). Nickname: Prairie Division


Thirty-fourth, 34th Division (Iowa, Nebraska, Minnesota, South Dakota National Guard)
Source No. 2: 34th (old 13) Division - Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. Trained at Camp Cody in Deming, N. Mex.
Source No. 3: 34th Division - Iowa, Nebraska, Minnesota, and part of South Dakota. (no North Dakota)
Nickname: Sandstorm Division or Red Bull Division
133rd, 134th, 135th, 136th Infantry (Inf.)
125th, 126th, 127th Artillery (Art.)
125th, 126th, 127th Machine Gun (M. G.)
109th Engineers (Eng.)
Brig. General Commanding: J. A. Johnston.
In reserve at Castres when armistice signed.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Thirty-fourth, 34th Division (Iowa, Nebraska, Minnesota, South Dakota National Guard). Nickname: Sandstorm Division or Red Bull Division


Thirty-fifth, 35th Division (Missouri and Kansas National Guard)
Source No. 2: 35th (old 14) Division - Missouri and Kansas. - Trained at Camp Doniphan in Fort Sill, Okla.
Nickname: Santa Fe Division
137th, 138th, 139th, 140th Infantry (Inf.)
128th, 129th, 130th Artillery (Art.)
128th, 129th, 130th Machine Gun (M. G.)
110th Engineers (Eng.)
Major Generals Commanding: W. M. Wright, Peter E. Traub
Engaged: St. Mihiel, Argonne, Meuse.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Thirty-fifth, 35th Division (Missouri and Kansas National Guard). Nickname: Santa Fe Division


Thirty-sixth, 36th Division (Texas and Oklahoma National Guard)
Source No. 2: 36th (old 15) Division - Texas and Oklahoma. Trained at Camp Bowie in Fort Worth, Tex.
Nickname: Panther Division or Texas Division
141st, 142nd, 143rd, 144th Infantry (Inf.)
131st, 132nd, 133rd Artillery (Art.)
131st, 132nd, 133rd Machine Gun (M. G.)
111th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: W. R. Smith.
Engaged: Argonne, Champagne.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Thirty-sixth, 36th Division (Texas and Oklahoma National Guard). Nickname: Panther Division or Texas Division


Thirty-seventh, 37th Division (Ohio National Guard)
Source No. 2: 37th (old 16) Division - Ohio and West Virginia. Trained at Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Ala.
Nickname: Buckeye Division
145th, 146th, 147th, 148th Infantry (Inf.)
134th, 135th, 136th Artillery (Art.)
134th, 135th, 136th Machine Gun (M. G.)
112th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Chas. S. Farnsworth.
Engaged: With French in Flanders, Escaut River.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Thirty-seventh, 37th Division (Ohio National Guard). Nickname: Buckeye Division


Thirty-eighth, 38th Division (Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia National Guard)
Source No. 2: 38th (old 17) Division - Indiana and Kentucky. Trained at Camp Shelby in Hattiesburg, Miss.
Source No. 3: 38th Division - Indiana, Kentucky, and part of West Virginia.
Nickname: Cyclone Division
149th, 150th, 151st, 152nd Infantry (Inf.)
137th, 138th, 139th Artillery (Art.)
137th, 138th, 139th Machine Gun (M. G.)
113th Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
In reserve at Le Mans when armistice signed.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Thirty-eighth, 38th Division (Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia National Guard). Nickname: Cyclone Division


Thirty-ninth, 39th Division (Alabama, Mississippi National Guard)
Source No. 2: 39th (old 18) Division - Louisiana, Mississippi, and Arkansas. Trained at Camp Beauregard in Alexandria, La.
Nickname: Bull's-Eye Division
153rd, 154th, 155th, 156th Infantry (Inf.)
140th, 141st, 142nd Artillery (Art.)
140th, 141st, 142nd Machine Gun (M. G.)
114th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Henry C. Hodges, Jr.
Depot Division St. Florent.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Thirty-ninth, 39th Division (Alabama, Mississippi National Guard). Nickname: ? Division and this one which was not adapted: Thirty-ninth, 39th Division (Alabama, Mississippi National Guard). Nickname: ? Division


Fortieth, 40th Division (California, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona National Guard)
Source No. 2: 40th (old 19) Division - California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico. Trained at Camp Kearny in Linda Vista, Cal.
Source No. 3: 34th Division - Arizona, California, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico. (no Nevada)
Nickname: Sunshine Division
157th, 158th, 159th, 160th Infantry (Inf.)
143rd, 144th, 145th Artillery (Art.)
143rd, 144th, 145th Machine Gun (M. G.)
115th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Fred'k S. Strong.
Depot Division Revigny and St. Dizier.


Forty-first, 41st Division (Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho National Guard)
Source No. 2: 41st (old 20) Division - Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming. Trained at Camp Fremont in Palo Alto, Cal.
Nickname: Sunset Division
161st, 162nd, 163rd, 164th Infantry (Inf.)
146th, 147th, 148th Artillery (Art.)
146th, 147th, 148th Machine Gun (M. G.)
116th Engineers (Eng.)
Brig. General Commanding: R. Coulter, Jr.
Depot Division St. Aignan and Noyers.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Forty-first, 41st Division (Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho National Guard). Nickname: Sunset Division


Forty-second, 42nd Division ( National Guard)
Source No. 2: 42nd Division - Most of the Middle and far Western States. Trained at Camp Mills in Garden City, Long Island, N. Y.
Nickname: Rainbow Division
165th, 166th, 167th, 168th Infantry (Inf.)
149th, 150th, 151st Artillery (Art.)
149th, 150th, 151st Machine Gun (M. G.)
117th Engineers (Eng.)
Major Generals Commanding: W. A. Mann, C. T. Menoher, C. D. Rhodes, C. A. F. Flagler.
Engaged: Red Cross Farm, St. Mihiel, Argonne, Rhine.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Forty-second, 42nd Division ( National Guard). Nickname: Rainbow Division


Seventy-sixth, 76th Division (New York and New England) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 76th Division - Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Trained at Camp Devens in Ayer, Mass.
Nickname: Liberty Bell? Division (after close of war)
301st, 302nd, 303rd, 304th Infantry (Inf.)
301st, 302nd, 303rd Artillery (Art.)
301st, 302nd, 303rd Machine Gun (M. G.)
301st Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Harry F. Hodges
Depot Division St Amant and Montrond.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Seventy-sixth, 76th Division (New York and New England) (National Army). Nickname: ? Division

76th Division campaign credits courtesy of Steve Zolla:

       301st Engineers
             assigned to 4th Corps, 8/11/18
             St. Mihiel Offensive, 9/12 - 9/16/18
             Toul Sector, 9/17 - 11/11/18
             4th Corps assigned to Third Army (occupation duty), 11/17/18

       301st Field Signal Battalion
             Marbache Sector, 9/25 - 11/11/18

       302nd and 303rd Field Artillery Regiments
             St. Mihiel Sector, 11/2 - 11/11/18

       Sources: The Three Hundred and First Engineers, A History, 1917 - 1919,
                     Houghton Mifflin Co., 1920

                     World War I Campaign and Service Credits, Planchet Press, 1990


Seventy-seventh, 77th Division (New York City, New York) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 77th Division - Metropolitan portion of New York. Trained at Camp Upton in Yaphank Long Island, N.Y.
Nickname: Statue of Liberty Division
305th, 306th, 307th, 308th Infantry (Inf.)
304th, 305th, 306th Artillery (Art.)
304th, 305th, 306th Machine Gun (M. G.)
302nd Engineers (Eng.)
Major Generals Commanding: Geo. B. Duncan, Robert Alexander.
Engaged: Vesle, Argonne.


Seventy-eighth, 78th Division (New York and New Jersey) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 78th Division - Remainder of New York and Northern Pennsylvania. Trained at Camp Dix Wrightstown, N.J.
Nickname: Lightning Division
309th, 310th, 311th, 312th Infantry (Inf.)
307th, 308th, 309th Artillery (Art.)
307th, 308th, 309th Machine Gun (M. G.)
303rd Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Jas. H. McRae.
Engaged: St. Mihiel, Argonne.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Seventy-eighth, 78th Division (New York and New Jersey) (National Army). Nickname: Lightning Division and Seventy-eighth, 78th Division (New York and New Jersey) (National Army). Nickname: Lightning Division


Seventy-ninth, 79th Division (Pennsylvania, Maryland, Washington, D.C.) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 79th Division - Southern Pennsylvania. Trained at Camp Meade in Annapolis Junction, Md.
Nickname: Lorraine Division
313th, 314th, 315th, 316th Infantry (Inf.)
310th, 311th, 312th Artillery (Art.)
310th, 311th, 312th Machine Gun (M. G.)
304th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: J. E. Kuhn.
Engaged: Argonne.


Eightieth, 80th Division (Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 80th Division - New Jersey, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, and District of Columbia. Trained at Camp Lee in Petersburg, Va.
Nickname: Blue Ridge (Mountain) Division
317th, 318th, 319th, 320th Infantry (Inf.)
313th, 314th, 315th Artillery (Art.)
313th, 314th, 315th Machine Gun (M. G.)
305th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Adelbert Cronkhite.
Engaged: St. Mihiel, Argonne.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Eightieth, 80th Division (Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania) (National Army). Nickname: Blue Ridge (Mountain) Division 

April 8, 2006:

Thanks Roger! This photo was submitted by Roger H. Nelson (Akron, OH) of his father and The Descendants of 80th Division Veterans Association - www.80thdescendants.com:

This is a close-up of the patch, in color:


Eighty-first, 81st Division (North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Porto Rico [Puerto Rico]) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 81st Division - Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Florida. Trained at Camp Jackson in Columbia, S. C.
Nickname: Wild Cat Division
321st, 322nd, 333rd, 334th Infantry (Inf.)
316th, 317th, 318th Artillery (Art.)
316th, 317th, 318th Machine Gun (M. G.)
306th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: C. J. Bailey.
In Reserve at Somme Dieu when armistice signed.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Eighty-first, 81st Division (North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, Porto Rico [Puerto Rico]) (National Army). Nickname: Wild Cat Division


Eighty-second, 82nd Division (Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 82nd Division - Georgia and Alabama. Trained at Camp Gordon in Atlanta, Ga.
Nickname: All American Division
325th, 326th, 327th Infantry (Inf.)
319th, 320th, 321st Artillery (Art.)
319th, 320th, 321st Machine Gun (M. G.)
307th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Geo. B. Duncan
Engaged: Argonne.


Eighty-third, 83rd Division (Ohio and Pennsylvania) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 83rd Division - Ohio and West Virginia. Trained at Camp Sherman in Chillicothe, Ohio.
Nickname: Thunderbolt Division or Ohio Division
329th, 330th, 331st, 332nd Infantry (Inf.)
322nd, 323rd, 324th Artillery (Art.)
322nd, 323rd, 324th Machine Gun (M. G.)
308th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: E. F. Glenn.
Depot Division LeMans and Castres.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Eighty-third, 83rd Division (Ohio and Pennsylvania) (National Army). Nickname: Thunderbolt Division or Ohio Division


Eighty-fourth, 84th Division (Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 84th Division - Indiana and Kentucky. Trained at Camp (Zachary) Taylor in Louisville, Ky.
Nickname: Lincoln or Railsplitters Division
333rd, 334th, 335th, 336th Infantry (Inf.)
325th, 326th, 327th Artillery (Art.)
325th, 326th, 327th Machine Gun (M. G.)
309th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: H. C. Hale.
Supply Service at Neuvic.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Eighty-fourth, 84th Division (Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky) (National Army). Nickname: Lincoln or Railsplitters Division


Eighty-fifth, 85th Division (Michigan and Wisconsin) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 85th Division - Michigan and Wisconsin. Trained at Camp Custer in Battle Creek, Mich.
Nickname: Custer Division
337th, 338th, 339th, 340th Infantry (Inf.)
328th, 329th, 330th Artillery (Art.)
328th, 329th, 330th Machine Gun (M. G.)
310th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: C. W. Kennedy.
Depot Division at Pouilly.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Eighty-fifth, 85th Division (Michigan and Wisconsin) (National Army). Nickname: Custer Division


Eighty-sixth, 86th Division (Chicago, Illinois) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 86th Division - Illinois. Trained at Camp Grant in Rockford, Ill.
Nickname: Black Hawk Division
341st, 342nd, 343rd, 344th Infantry (Inf.)
331st, 332nd, 333rd Artillery (Art.)
331st, 332nd, 333rd Machine Gun (M. G.)
311th Engineers (Eng.)
Major Generals Commanding: C. H. Martin, C. G. Ballou.
Supply Service at St. Andre de Cubzac.


Eighty-seventh, 87th Division (Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 87th Division - Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. Trained at Camp Pike in Little Rock, Ark.
Nickname: (Golden) Acorn Division
345th, 346th, 347th, 348th Infantry (Inf.)
334th, 335th, 336th Artillery (Art.)
334th, 335th, 336th Machine Gun (M. G.)
312th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: S. D. Sturgis.
Supply Service at Pons.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Eighty-seventh, 87th Division (Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana) (National Army). Nickname: Golden Acorn Division


Eighty-eighth, 88th Division (Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 88th Division - Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota and South Dakota. Trained at Camp Dodge in Des Moines, Iowa.
Nickname: Cloverleaf? Division
349th, 350th,, 351st, 352nd Infantry (Inf.)
337th, 338th, 339th Artillery (Art.)
337th, 338th, 339th Machine Gun (M. G.)
313th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: William Weigel.
Engaged: Alsace Front.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Eighty-eighth, 88th Division (Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota) (National Army). Nickname: ? Division


Eighty-ninth, 89th Division (Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Missouri) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 89th Division - Kansas, Missouri, and Colorado. Trained at Camp Funston in Fort Riley, Kan.
Nickname: Rolling "W" Division or Middle West Division
353rd, 354th, 355th, 356th Infantry (Inf.)
340th, 341st, 342nd Artillery (Art.)
340th, 341st, 342nd Machine Gun (M. G.)
314th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: Frank L. Winn
Engaged: Argonne, Rhine.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Eighty-ninth, 89th Division (Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Missouri) (National Army). Nickname: Rolling "W" Division or Middle West Division


Ninetieth, 90th Division (Texas and Oklahoma) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 90th Division - Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. Trained at Camp Travis in Fort Sam Houston, Tex.
Nickname: Tough Ombres Division. T = Texas and O = Oklahoma
357th, 358th, 359th, 360th Infantry (Inf.)
343rd, 344th, 345th Artillery (Art.)
343rd, 344th, 345th Machine Gun (M. G.)
315th Engineers (Eng.)
Major Generals Commanding: H. T. Allen, L. S. Lyon
Engaged: Argonne, Rhine.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Ninetieth, 90th Division (Texas and Oklahoma) (National Army). Nickname: Tough Ombres Division


Ninety-first, 91st Division (Alaska, Washington, Oregon, Nevada, Wyoming) (National Army)
Source No. 2: 91st Division - Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Utah, Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming. Trained at Camp Lewis in American Lake, Wash.
Nickname: Wild West Division, Far West Division,  or Powder River Division
361st, 362nd, 363rd, 364th Infantry (Inf.)
346th, 347th, 348th Artillery (Art.)
346th, 347th, 348th Machine Gun (M. G.)
316th Engineers (Eng.)
Major General Commanding: W. H. Johnson.
Engaged: St. Mihiel, Argonne, Flanders, Spitals Bosschen.


Ninety-second, 92nd Division (Negroes) (National Army)
Nickname: Buffalo Division
365th, 367th, 368th Infantry (Inf.)
349th, 350th, 351st Artillery (Art.)
349th, 350th, 351st Machine Gun (M. G.)
317th Engineers (Eng.)
Major Generals Commanding: C. G. Ballou, C. H. Martin.
Engaged: Alsace Front.


Ninety-third, 93rd Division (Negroes) (National Army)
Nickname: French Colonial Division
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
Arriving and organizing when armistice signed.
Shoulder/Sleeve Insignia:

Ninety-third, 93rd Division (Negroes) (National Army). Nickname: ? Division A blue Casque Adrien helmet (French Army helmet)

Note: The 371st Regiment of the Ninety-third, 93rd Division was granted the "Bloody Hand" patch by the French for its action at Verdun.


Ninety-fourth, 94th Division
Nickname: Puritan? Division
? Infantry (Inf.)
? Artillery (Art.)
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
Not deployed?


Ninety-fifth, 95th Division (Oklahoma and Texas)
Nickname: OK? Division
? Infantry (Inf.)
? Artillery (Art.)
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
Not deployed?


One Hundred and First, 101st Division
Nickname: Iron Brigade? Division; one Regiment was called the "Old Abe."
? Infantry (Inf.)
? Artillery (Art.)
? Machine Gun (M. G.)
? Engineers (Eng.)
Generals Commanding: ?
Not deployed?


Notes

  1. Where General Pershing's report (pages 15 and 16 ) states "Corps" was engaged, it is assumed that all Divisions of that Corps took part in operation.

  2. "Engaged: Rhine," means Division is part of the Army of Occupation now on the Rhine.

  3. Some Generals where commanding more than one Division and, in many cases, there were more than one General commanding a particular Division.

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Source
s (I will add other sources later as I add more data.):

1.) America's Army and its Part in the Great War - copyright by W. C. Both, Chicago (36-page booklet). Actual pages (24 - 29) of booklet referring the to U. S. Divisions:

To read the entire booklet, click on it.

 To read the entire booklet, click on it. America's Army and its Part in the Great War - copyright by W. C. Both, Chicago (36-page booklet).

2.)  The United States in the Great War by Willis J. Abbot, Copyrighted in 1919 by Doubleday, Page & Company. Published in 1919 by Leslie-Judge Co., New York, New York, page 42.

3.) The People's War Book: History, Cyclopaedia and Chronology of the Great War (and Canada's Part in the War) by James Martin and H. S. Canfield; Copyrighted and published in 1920 by The R. C. Barnum Co., Cleveland, Ohio, pages 270 - 271.

4.) The United States Army Insignia Home Page - See The US Army in the First World War - includes Insignia of Rank, Insignia of Branch, Shoulder-Sleeve Insignia, Specialty Badges, Cap Badges, Insignia Placement. This is an excellent resource.
US Army Corps & Larger - First World War
US Army Divisions - First World War
Placement of Insignia on the Army Service Uniform First World War Era

5.) WWI Shoulder Patches / Sleeve Insignia for more information on Army, Corps, and Divisions histories. (at this web site)

6.) Maps related to World War I - including Military Map of the United States and Canada (separate web page at this site)

7.) World War One Unit Histories, Division Unit Chart, and Training Camps at Digital Bookshelf

8.) American Combat Formations Insignia and brief descriptions of Higher Formations (1st, 2nd, 3rd Armies), Army Corps (I - IX) Regular Army Divisions, National Guard Divisions, National Army Divisions, and Tank Corps. Source: "The Romance of Military Insignia" in The National Geographic Magazine. (December 1919) by Colonel Robert E. Wyllie.

9.) American Expeditionary Forces, A. E. F. -- Distinctive Insignia of US Army 1917 - 1919 (at this web site)

10.) Army Lineage Series: Maneuver and Firepower - The Evolution of Divisions and Separate Brigades by John B. Wilson. See Chapter 17 - World War I: The First Three Years and  Chapter III The Test -- World War I  which contains charts, illustrations, maps, tables.


Bibliography

Kerrigan, Evans E.. American Badges and Insignia. (1967). New York: Viking Press

Wyllie, Robert E.. "American Decorations and Insignia of Honor and Service," National Geographic. Volume XXXVI, Number Six (December 1919): 502-526. (No author was cited for this article but it may have been Robert E. Wyllie who authored the preceding article: "The Romance of Military Insignia.")

Stein, Barry Jason. U. S. Army Patches: an Illustrated Encyclopedia of Cloth Unit Insignia. (1997). Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press. (ISBN 1-57003-179-7)

Otoupalik, Haynes; Gordon, Dennis; and Schulz, Paul J.. World War One - Volume 1 (Uniforms, Insignia, Equipment and Weapons) and Volume 2 (World War One - Collector’s Handbook). (1977, 1979, 1988): 16-21 (on Unit Histories).

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This page was last updated on 04/08/06 .

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